The Kibbutz Movement: A History, Origins and Growth, 1909-1939 v. 1

BookThe Kibbutz Movement: A History, Origins and Growth, 1909-1939 v. 1

The Kibbutz Movement: A History, Origins and Growth, 1909-1939 v. 1

A History

The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization


July 1st, 1992





The two volumes of this work comprise the first comprehensive history of the kibbutz movement in any language. This volume, "Origins and Growth", covers the first 30 years of the story. It begins with the origins of the first kibbutz, in the opening decade of the 20th century, and concludes in 1939, on the eve of World War II. Its main focus is a scholarly analysis of the genesis and expansion of the kibbutzim - the only sizeable group of communal societies to reach a third and fourth generation - and of their relationships with the world around them. The author considers not only the various components of the kibbutz movement but also the pioneering youth movements from which their membership derived. His analysis of the ideological, political, economic, and social development of the kibbutz movement is accompanied throughout by excerpts from historial sources, affording a wealth of insights into the changing quality of kibbutz life as experienced by its members.

Author Information

Henry Near was Professor Emeritus in the Jewish History and Education Departments at Oranim Academic College and the University of Haifa and had been a member of Kibbutz Beit Ha’emek since 1955. He was the author of The Kibbutz and Society, 1923–1933 (1984), Studies in the Third Aliyah, 1919–1924 (with B. Ben-Avram, 1995), and Living in a Kibbutz (5th edition 1991). The prize-winning first volume of his history of the kibbutz movement appeared in 1992. He died in 2012.

Table of Contents

Section TitlePage
Background and beginnings, 1904-1920; expansion and consolidation, 1918-1923; the pioneering youth movements - origins and growth, 1900-1935; the Fourth Aliya and the creation of the kibbutz movements, 1924-1930; after the crisis - recovery and growth, 1927-1935; politics and youth, 1927-1935; glimpses of social history - the kibbutz community, 1925-1935; diversity and unity - the smaller movements, 1930-1939; the heroic period, 1936-1939; economics, politics, and society, 1936-1939; comments and conclusions. Appendices: The kibbutz movement in 1939; guide to other settlements mentioned in this volume.