Focused on the period between 1500 and 1700, Land Travel and Communications in Tudor and Stuart England documents the unprecedented growth that occurred in road travel by all sections of society, from paupers to princes; the burgeoning volume of wheeled vehicles using the highways; and the radical changes in the means by which correspondence was conveyed throughout the realm and beyond. Unprecedented growth in ordinary travel by road occurred in Tudor and Stuart England between c.1500 and c.1700: increasingly complex itineraries and ambitious distances were achieved. Though mostly repaired in only rudimentary fashion, England’s highways supported increasing volumes of pedestrian, equine, and wheeled traffic. The framing of legal provisions for road maintenance and the burgeoning production of way-finding materials reflected the scale of demand. As well as considering regular trips to local markets or county fairs or for the freighting of building materials, the book considers the quotidian peregrinations of common and private carriers, chapmen journeying to sell to distant customers, the escort of prisoners to county gaols, wounded soldiers struggling homeward, and itinerant paupers on the move. The twice-yearly circuits of assize court judges and the more frequent movement of county justices and apparitors serving bishops’ courts are also reviewed. Journeys by players and other entertainers are included, and elite tourists travelling both within the realm and beyond for experience, education, and improved job prospects are considered. The ostentatious, orchestrated travels of monarchs and the high-born, and the stressful journeys of royalty on the run are also featured.
Mark Brayshay is Professor of Historical Geography at the University of Plymouth. An historical geographer, Mark’s recent research includes an ESRC-funded project on examining the historical geography of globalisation; concerned with how information, ideas and influence flowed through particular social networks. With its recent entry into the political lexicon globalisation is often considered to be a modern socio-economic phenomenon yet the global flow of commodities, capital and ideas has been occurring for many centuries. Mark’s research specifies the complex and longer term historical geographies of globalisation and their contemporary resonances.
Reviews'The book adds appreciably to our understanding of the ways in which travel and communication developed within and beyond Britain during the early modern period.'
Geoff Timmins, Journal of Transport History
'One of the most useful aspects of the work for historians is the seventy-one routes and road networks, sites of road and bridge repairs, carriers' schedules and destinations, patterns of militia deployment, travel routes of major dramatic companies, routes of royal progresses, carriers' rates,location of posts, and journey times for sending letters from London. Information on these and related subjects will prove enormously useful to those interested in any form of domestic communication between ca. 1500 and ca. 1700.'
Robert Tittler, Music and Letters