Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14

BookPolin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14

Focusing on Jews in the Polish Borderlands

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 14

2001

October 1st, 2001

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The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, created in 1569, covered a wide spectrum of faiths and languages. The nobility, who were the main focus of Polishness, were predominantly Catholic, particularly from the later seventeenth century; the peasantry included Catholics, Protestants, and members of the Orthodox faith, while nearly half the urban population, and some 10 per cent of the total population, was Jewish. The partition of Poland at the end of the eighteenth century and the subsequent struggle to regain Polish independence raised the question of what the boundaries of a future state should be, and who qualified as a Pole. The partitioning powers, for their part, were determined to hold on to the areas they had annexed: Prussia tried to strengthen the German element in Poland; the Habsburgs encouraged the development of a Ukrainian consciousness in Austrian Galicia to act as a counterweight to the dominant Polish nobility; and Russia, while allowing the Kingdom of Poland to enjoy substantial autonomy, treated the remaining areas it had annexed as part of the tsarist monarchy. When Poland became independent after the First World War more than a third of its population were thus Ukrainians, Belarusians, Germans, Jews, and Lithuanians, many of whom had been influenced by nationalist movements. The core articles in the volume focus especially on the triangular relationship between Poles, Jews, and Germans in western Poland, and between the different national groups in what are today Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine. In addition, the New Views section investigates aspects of Jewish life in pre-partition Poland and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. There are also the regular Review Essay and Book Review sections.

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Author Information

Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and Chief Historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw. He is the author of the three-volume History of the Jews in Poland and Russia, published in an abridged paperback version as The Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Title Page4
Copyright5
Dedication6
Editors and Advisers7
Preface8
Polin10
Contents12
Note on Place-Names16
Note on Transliteration17
The Sixtieth Anniversary of the Massacre in Jedwabne: Two Speeches Delivered in Jedwabne, 10 July 200118
Part I: Jews in the Polish Borderlands24
Introduction26
The Self-Perception of Lithuanian–Belarusian Jewry in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries42
Jewish Rights of Residence in Cieszyn Silesia, 1742–184854
The Jewish Community in the Grand Duchy of Poznań under Prussian Rule, 1815–184872
Between Germans and Poles: The Jews of Poznan in 184891
The Rabbinical Schools as Institutions of Socialization in Tsarist Russia, 1847–1873106
The Zhitomir Rabbinical School: New Materials and Perspectives128
Three Documents on Anti-Jewish Violence in the Eastern Kresy during the Polish–Soviet Conflict139
The Policies of the Sanacja on the Jewish Minority in Silesia, 1926–1939173
The Vilna Years of Jakub Rotbaum179
Tsevorfene bleter: The Emergence of Yung Vilne193
Jewish Autonomy in Inter-War Lithuania: An Interview with Yudl Mark215
The Transfer of Vilna District into Lithuania, 1939235
Jan Kazimierz University 1936–1939: A Memoir246
My First Encounters with Jews and Ukrainians260
Lithuania Honours a Holocaust Rescuer272
Part II: New Views280
Christian Servants Employed by Jews in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries282
Bolesław Prus and the Dreyfus Case294
Jewish War Cemeteries in Western Galicia304
New Sources on the History of the Old Town Synagogue in Łódź309
A Fish Breaks through the Net: Sven Norrman and the Holocaust318
The Work and Recommendations of the Polish–Israeli Textbooks Committee329
The Image of the Holocaust in Polish Historical Consciousness338
Part III: Reviews350
Review Essays: John Paul II on Jews and Judaism352
Recent Developments in the Historiography of Silesian Jews362
A Review of Some Recent Issues of the Biuletyn Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego375
Gates of Heaven381
Upside-Down History400
Book Reviews: Elisheva Carlebach, John M. Efron, and David N. Myers (eds.), Jewish History and Jewish Memory: Essays in Honor of Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi404
Edward Fram, Ideals Face Reality: Jewish Law and Life in Poland 1550‒1665406
Chava Weissler, Voices of the Matriarchs: Listening to the Prayers of Early Modern Jewish Women408
David Assaf, Derekh hamalkhut: r. yisrael miruzhin410
Sophia Kemlein, Die Posener Juden 1815‒1848. Entwicklungsprozesse einer polnischen Judenheit unter preussischer Herrschaft413
Leszek Ziatkowski, Ludnosc zydowska we Wroclawiu w latach 1812‒1914416
Naomi Seidman, A Marriage Made in Heaven: The Sexual Politics of Hebrew and Yiddish418
Olaf Bergmann, Narodowa Demokracja wobec problematyki zydowskiej w latach 1918‒1929422
Helena Bodek, Jak tropione zwierzeta426
Rafael F. Scharf, Poland, What have I to Do with Thee . . . Essays without Prejudice429
Michal Glowinski, Czarne Sezony431
Daniel Tollet (ed.), Les Vérités des uns et celles des autres: Points de vue de juifs et de chrétiens sur la Shoah en Pologne437
Irena F. Karafilly, Ashes and Miracles: A Polish Journey439
Obituaries446
Andrzej Szczypiorski446
Jerzy Turowicz449
Notes on the Contributors452
Glossary458
Index462