Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 15

BookPolin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 15

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 15

Focusing on Jewish Religious Life, 1500-1900

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 15

2002

November 1st, 2002

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This volume highlights new research on Jewish spiritual and religious life in Poland before modern political ideas began to transform the Jewish world. It covers a range of topics. Three articles deal with rabbinic scholarship in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and a fourth presents accounts of Purim festivities at that time. The eighteenth-century studies focus on Jewish spirituality. Four articles deal with the Frankist movement, the main topics being Frankist propaganda; non-Christian Frankists; Jonathan Eibeschuetz and the Frankists; and the influence of Frankism on Polish culture. There are four articles on hasidism-on the tsadik and the ba'al shem; the childhood of tsadikim in hasidic legends; the fall of the Seer of Lublin; and the hasidism of Gur-and one about Nahman Krochmal. Of the contributors to the core section on Jewish spiritual and religious life, four are Polish. Three contributors are working in Germany, where Jewish studies is likewise re-establishing itself. Other contributors are scholars from Canada, Israel, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Some are themselves religious, others are secular; taken together, their contributions further the study of Jewish religious traditions in Poland, a topic central to an understanding of Jewish society and history in Poland but one which has long been considered marginal by the academic world. As in earlier volumes of Polin, substantial space is given to new research in other areas of Polish-Jewish studies. There is an extensive survey of the papal Holocaust papers, as well as contributions relating to education for girls, to Auschwitz as a site of memories, and to aspects of Jewish literature, politics, society, and economics. A young Polish scholar from Jedwabne has contributed a moving article on local reactions to news of the massacre of the Jews of that town. The review section include two separate essays with contrasting opinions on Yaffa Eliach's monumental study of Eishyshok.

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Author Information

Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and Chief Historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw. He is the author of the three-volume History of the Jews in Poland and Russia, published in an abridged paperback version as The Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History. Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and Chief Historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw. He is the author of the three-volume History of the Jews in Poland and Russia, published in an abridged paperback version as The Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Title Page4
Copyright5
Dedication6
Editors and Advisers7
Preface8
Polin10
Contents12
A Note on Place Names16
Note on Transliteration17
Part I: Jewish Religious Life, 1500‒190018
Introduction20
Printing the Talmud in Poland in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries76
Isaac of Troki’s Studies of Rabbinic Literature82
Polish Attitudes towards Jewish Spirituality in the Eighteenth Century94
Sixteenth-Century Accounts of Purim Festivities104
Jewish Popular Spirituality in the Eighteenth Century110
The Struggle over Images in the Propaganda of the Frankist Movement122
The Non-Christian Frankists148
Rabbi Jonathan Eibeschuetz’s Attitude towards the Frankists162
The Influence of Frankism on Polish Culture170
Tsadik and Ba’al Shem in East European Hasidism176
Holy Men in their Infancy: The Childhood of Tsadikim in Hasidic Legends186
One Event, Two Interpretations: The Fall of the Seer of Lublin in Hasidic Memory and Maskilic Satire204
How Far was Krochmal Influenced by the Gaon Sherira ben Hanina in his Description of the Development of Oral Torah?220
The Messiah Son of Joseph according to Rabbi Zaddok Hacohen230
Primordial Chaos and Creation in Gur Hasidism: The Sabbath that Preceded Creation238
Part II: New Views258
‘Ahavat yehonatan’: A Poem by Judah Leo Landau260
Jakub Becal: King Jan III Sobieski’s Jewish Factor266
The Shtadlan of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth: Noble Advocate or Unbridled Opportunist?284
Educational Options for Jewish Girls in Nineteenth-Century Europe318
The Society for the Advancement of Trade, Industry, and Crafts328
Strangers in their Own Land: Polish Jews from Lublin to Kielce352
Jewish Writers in Polish Literature376
Auschwitz: Site of Memories400
My Jedwabne418
Part III: Review essays426
Report of the Vatican Documents on the Second World War428
The Vatican Documents and the Holocaust: A Personal Report430
Yaffa Eliach’s Eishyshok: Two Views462
I. ‘The new Jew Hitler has fashioned into being’462
II. Ejszyszki Revisited, 1939.1945470
Holocaust Survivors in Jadwiga Maurer’s Short Stories486
Polish Translations of Yiddish Literature Published in Wrocław492
Book Reviews: David Patterson, The Hebrew Novel in Czarist Russia496
Shmuel A. Arthur Cygielman, Jewish Autonomy in Poland and Lithuania until 1648497
The Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation, The Jews of Poland498
Henry Abramson, A Prayer for the Government: Ukrainians and Jews in Revolutionary Times, 1917‒1920501
Henryk Hoffman, Z Drohobycza do Ziemi Obiecanej503
Hirsz Abramowicz, Profiles of a Lost World: Memoirs of East European Jewish Life before World War II507
Robert Weinberg, Stalin’s Forgotten Zion: Birobidzhan and the Making of a Soviet Jewish Homeland. An Illustrated History, 1928‒1996509
Anna Landau-Czajka, W jednym stali domu ... Koncepcje rozwiazania kwestii żydowskiej w publicystyce polskiej lat 1933‒1939511
Wladyslaw Szpilman, The Pianist: The Extraordinary Story of One Man’s Survival in Warsaw 1939‒1945, with extracts from the diary of Wilm Hosenfeld514
Tadeusz Piotrowski, Poland’s Holocaust: Ethnic Strife, Collaboration with Occupying Forces and Genocide in the Second Republic, 1918‒1947516
Wiktoria S´liwowska (ed.), The Last Eyewitnesses: Children of the Holocaust Speak520
Dalia Ofer and Lenore J. Weitzman (eds.), Women in the Holocaust523
Ann Charney, Dobryd526
Appreciations and obituaries530
Chone Shmeruk: The Man and his Work530
The Scholarly Activities of Chone Shmeruk in Poland532
Jan Karski (1914‒2000)536
Moshe Mishkinsky (1917‒1998)542
Notes on the Contributors544
Glossary550
Index556