Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 18

BookPolin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 18

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 18

Jewish Women in Eastern Europe

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 18

2005

November 29th, 2005

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Jewish women's exclusion from the public domains of religious and civil life has been reflected in their near absence in the master narratives of the East European Jewish past. As a result, the study of Jewish women in eastern Europe is still in its infancy. The fundamental task of historians to construct women as historical subjects, 'as a focus of inquiry, a subject of the story, an agent of the narrative', has only recently begun. This volume is the first collection of essays devoted to the study of Jewish women's experiences in Eastern Europe. The volume is edited by Paula Hyman of Yale University, a leading figure in Jewish women's history in the United States, and by ChaeRan Freeze of Brandeis University, author of a prize-winning study on Jewish divorce in nineteenth-century Russia. Their Introduction provides a much-needed historiographic survey that summarizes the major work in the field and highlights the lacunae. Their contributors, following this lead, have attempted to go beyond mere description of what women experienced to explore how gender constructed distinct experiences, identities, and meanings. In seeking to recover lost achievements and voices and place them into a broader analytical framework, this volume is an important first step in the rethinking of east European Jewish history with the aid of new insights gleaned from the research on gender. As in earlier volumes of Polin, substantial space is given, in 'New Views', to recent research in other areas of Polish-Jewish studies, and there is a book review section.

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About The Author

Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and Chief Historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw. He is the author of the three-volume History of the Jews in Poland and Russia, published in an abridged paperback version as The Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover 1
Title Page4
Copyright5
Dedication6
Editors and Advisers7
Preface8
Polin10
Contents12
Note on Place Names16
Note on Transliteration17
Part I: Jewish Women in Eastern Europe18
Introduction: A Historiographical Survey20
The History of Jewish Women in Early Modern Poland: An Assessment42
The Maskilot: Feminine or Feminist Writing?74
Sins of Youth, Guilt of a Grandmother: M. L. Lilienblum, Pauline Wengeroff, and the Telling of Jewish Modernity in Eastern Europe104
Women’s Education in the Pages of the Russian Jewish Press138
The Call to Serve: Jewish Women Medical Students in Russia, 1872–1887150
When Chava Left Home: Gender, Conversion, and the Jewish Family in Tsarist Russia170
The Lost Generation: Education and Female Conversion in Fin-de-Siècle Kraków206
Feminism and Fiction: Khane Blankshteyn’s Role in Inter-War Vilna238
Feminism and Nationalism on the Pages of Ewa: Tygodnik, 1928–1933258
Interview with Professor Jadwiga Maurer280
Bibliography: Jewish Women in Eastern Europe290
Part II: New Views322
Jewish Settlement in the Polish Commonwealth in the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century324
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz on Polish Jewry340
Translation as a Weapon for the Truth: The Bund’s Policy of Multilingualism, 1902–1906354
Poles in the German Local Police in Eastern Poland and their Role in the Holocaust370
Part III: Reviews384
Communist Questions, Jewish Answers: Polish Jewish Dissident Communists of the Inter-War Era386
On Solzhenitsyn’s ‘Middle Path’398
Three Books on the Łódź Ghetto410
Iris Parush, Nashim korot: Yitronah shel shuliyut baḥevrah hayehudit bemizraḥ eiropah bame’ah hatesha-esreh414
Carole B. Balin, To Reveal Our Hearts: Jewish Women Writers in Tsarist Russia415
Dov Levin, The Litvaks: A Short History of the Jews in Lithuania417
Benjamin Nathans, Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia420
Yekhezkel Kotik, Journey to a Nineteenth-Century Shtetl: The Memoirs of Yekhezkel Kotik422
Puah Rakovsky, My Life as a Radical Jewish Woman: Memoirs of a Zionist Feminist in Poland425
Marc B. Shapiro, Between the Yeshiva World and Modern Orthodoxy: The Life and Works of Rabbi Jehiel Jacob Weinberg, 1884–1966427
Shimon Frost, Schooling as a Socio-Political Expression: Jewish Education in Interwar Poland430
Jeffrey Shandler (ed.), Awakening Lives: Autobiographies of Jewish Youth in Poland Before the Holocaust432
Janusz Bardach and Kathleen Gleeson, Surviving Freedom: After the Gulag435
Joshua D. Zimmerman (ed.), Contested Memories: Poles and Jews During the Holocaust and its Aftermath437
Marek Jan Chodakiewicz, After the Holocaust: Polish–Jewish Conflict in the Wake of World War II441
Antony Polonsky and Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska (eds.), Contemporary Jewish Writing in Poland: An Anthology446
Farewell To My Country, directed by Andrzej Krakowski452
Larry N. Mayer, Who Will Say Kaddish? A Search for Jewish Identity in Contemporary Poland456
Obituaries462
Dora Kacnelson (1921–2003)462
Adam Penkalla (1944–2003)466
Notes on the Contributors468
Glossary472
Index476