Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 9

BookPolin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 9

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 9

Jews, Poles, Socialists: The Failure of an Ideal

Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 9

2008

March 6th, 2008

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‘The less antisemitism exists among Christians, the easier it will be to unite the social forces . . . and the sooner workers’ solidarity will emerge: solidarity of all who are exploited and wronged . . . Jew, Pole, Lithuanian.’ Józef Pilsudski, 1903 The Socialist ideals of brotherhood, equality, and justice have exercised a strong attraction for many Jews. On the Polish lands, Jews were drawn to Socialism when the liberal promise of integration into the emergent national entities of east and central Europe as Poles or Lithuanians or Russians of the Hebrew faith seemed to be failing. For those Jews seeking emancipation from discrimination and the constraints of a religious community, Socialism offered a tantalizing new route to integration in the wider society. Some Jews saw in Socialism a secularized version of the age-old Jewish messianic longing, while others were driven to the Socialist movement by poverty and the hope that it would supply their material needs. But in Poland as elsewhere in Europe, Socialism failed to transcend national divisions. The articles in this volume of Polin investigate the failure of this ideal and its consequences for Jews on the Polish lands, examining Socialist attitudes to the ‘Jewish question’, the issue of antisemitism, how the growth of Socialism affected relationships between Poles and Jews, and the character of Jewish Socialist groups in Poland. The result is a significant contribution to the history of Jews in Poland. It also sheds light on the history of Socialism in east-central Europe and the complexity of national problems there. Editors and contributors: Israel Bartal, Daniel Blatman, Alina Cala, Stephen D. Corrsin, David Engel, Sylvia Barack Fishman, Gershon Hundert, Ross Kessel, Shmuel Krakowski, Dov Levin, Pawel Machcewicz, Stanislaw Meducki, Erica Nadelhaft, Magdalena Opalska, Richard Pipes, Antony Polonsky, Dina Porat, Teresa Prekerowa, Michal Sliwa, Janusz Sujecki, Jerzy Tomaszewski, Barbara Wachowska.

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Author Information

Antony Polonsky is Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University and Chief Historian of the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warsaw. He is the author of the three-volume History of the Jews in Poland and Russia, published in an abridged paperback version as The Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History. Israel Bartal is Professor of Modern Jewish History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and Director of the Centre for Research on the History and Culture of Polish Jews Gershon Hundert is Professor of History and holds the Montreal Jewish Community Chair in Jewish Studies at McGill University. Magdalena Opalski is Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Central/East European and Russian Area Studies at Carleton University, Ottawa. Jerzy Tomaszewski is Professor of History in the Institute of Political Science at the University of Warsaw, and Director of the Mordecai Anieliewicz Centre for the Study of the History and Culture of Polish Jews.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Title Page4
Copyright5
Dedication6
Editors and Advisers7
Preface8
Acknowledgements9
Contents12
Note on Transliteration, Names, and Place Names15
Abbreviations16
Introduction18
Part I: Poles, Jews, Socialists: The Failure of an Ideal 24
Jewish Socialists in the Kingdom of Poland26
The Jewish Problem in Polish Socialist Thought37
The Relation of the Polish Socialist Party: Proletariat to the Bund and the Jewish Question, 1900–190655
The Jews, the Left, and the State Duma Elections in Warsaw in 1912: Selected Sources 68
Jews and the Russian Revolution: A Note78
The Bund in Poland, 1935–193981
Łódź Remained Red: Elections to the City Council of 27 September 1936 106
The Jews of Vilna under Soviet Rule, 19 September–28 October 1939 130
The Polish Underground and the Extermination of the Jews161
The Jewish Underground and the Polish Underground 171
The Pogrom in Kielce on 4 July 1946181
Antisemitism in Poland in 1956193
Part II: New Views208
Dov of Bolechów: A Diarist of the Council of Four Lands in the Eighteenth Century210
A Peaceable Community at Work: The Chevrah of Nasielsk215
Zionist Pioneering Youth Movements in Poland and their Attitude to Erets Israel during the Holocaust218
Resistance through Education: Polish Zionist Youth Movements in Warsaw, 1939–1941235
The Second Competition of Scholarly Works on Polish Jewish Themes255
Part III: Reviews268
Review Essays270
History, Drama, and Healing: On the Television Play A i B, by Harvey Sarner270
Inside, Outside: Interpreting Jewish Difference278
Book Reviews294
Alfred Ebenbauer and Klaus Zatloukal (eds.), Die Juden in ihrer mittelalterlichen Umwelt294
Rivka Schatz-Uffenheimer, Hasidism as Mysticism297
Jadwiga Maurer, 'Z matki obcej ... ' 299
Władysław T. Bartoszewski and Antony Polonsky (eds.), The Jews in Warsaw 303
Maria Klańska, Problemfeld Galizien in deutschsprachiger Prosa 1846–1914 305
Israel Oppenheim, Tenuat Heḥaluts bePolin, 1929–1939 307
The Letters of Martin Buber, ed. Nahum N. Glatzer and Paul Mendes-Flohr 309
Alexander Beider, A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from the Russian Empire 312
Alice L. Eckardt (ed.), Burning Memory 318
Ruta Sakowska, Ludzie z dzielnicy zamkniętej 320
lwona Irwin-Zarecka, Neutralizing Memory 322
Stanisław Meducki and Zenon Wrona (eds.), Antyżydowskie wydarzenia kieleckie, 4 lipca 1946 325
Bibliography of Polish–Jewish Studies, 1993328
Notes on Contributors342
Notes on Translators345
Glossary346
Index352