Sail and Steam

BookSail and Steam

Sail and Steam

Selected Maritime Writings of Yrjö Kaukiainen

Research in Maritime History, 27


October 18th, 2017

Access Token


Other Formats



This collection provides a tribute to the career of maritime historian Yrjö Kaukiainen, composed upon his retirement from the University of Helsinki. It collects seventeen of his maritime essays written in English, reprinted in order to celebrate his career and impact on the field of maritime history. The selected essays encompass the following themes: maritime Finland; maritime labour; sail, steam, coal, and canvas; the timber-trade; maritime communication and networks; ship measurement and shipping statistics; the economics of merchant shipping; managerial skills in Finnish merchant fleets; and international freight markets. The collection primarily concerns Finnish shipping, and the maritime relationships between Finland and the wider international community, including the British timber-trade, the wider Baltic timber-trade, and Dutch shipping in relation to the Swedish Navigation Act. The essays are prefaced by three tributes of Kaukiainen’s career, penned by Lars U. Scholl, Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen, and Lewis R. Fischer, respectively. The volume concludes with a bibliography of Kaukiainen’s work on maritime history, in both Swedish and English, from 1981 to 2003.

Author Information

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Title Page3
Copyright Page4
Table of Contents7
"Yrjö Kaukiainen: A Tribute on the Occasion of his Forthcoming Retirement as Professor of Maritime History at the University of Helsinki"13
"Yrjö Kaukiainen: A Man of the Sea"17
"Yrjö Kaukiainen and the Development of Maritime Economic History"21
"Finnish Sailors, 1750-1870"25
"Finnish and International Maritime Labour in the Age of Sail: Was There a Market?"45
"Five Years before the Mast: Observations on the Conditions of Maritime Labour in Finland and Elsewhere"55
"The Maritime Labour Market: Skill and Experience as Factors of Demand and Supply"69
"Owners and Masters: Management and Managerial Skills in the Finnish Ocean-Going Merchant Fleet, c. 1840-1880"77
"From Low-Cost to High-Cost Shipping: Finnish Maritime Labour Costs after the Second World War"93
"The Modernization of Finnish Coastal Shipping and Railway Competition c. 1830-1913"103
"British Timber Imports and Finnish Shipping 1860-1910"115
"Baltic Timber-Trade under Sail: An Example of the Persistence of Old Techniques"125
"Coal and Canvas: Aspects of the Competition between Steam and Sail, c. 1870-1914"137
"Dutch Shipping and the Swedish Navigation Act (1724). A Case Study"153
"Seamen Ashore: Port Visits of Late Nineteenth-Century Finnish Sailors"165
"Wreck-plundering by East Finnish Coastal People - Criminal Tradition or Popular Culture?"175
"From Days and Knots to Pounds and Dollars: Some Problems in the Study of the Economics of Late Nineteenth Century Merchant Shipping"187
"Tons and Tonnages: Ship Measurement and Shipping Statistics, c. 1870-1980"203
"International Freight Markets in the 1830s and 1840s: The Experience of a Major Finnish Shipowner"231
"Shrinking the World: Improvements in the Speed of Information Transmission, c. 1820-1870"255
"Yrjö Kaukiainen: A Maritime Bibliography"285