Sarah Schenirer and the Bais Yaakov Movement
- 9781789624779 (eBook)
National Jewish Book
Awards 2019 Winner of the Barbara Dobkin Award for Women’s Studies and Finalist for
Education and Jewish Identity.
Sarah Schenirer is one of the unsung heroes of twentieth-century Orthodox Judaism. The Bais Yaakov schools she founded in interwar Poland had an unparalleled impact on a traditional Jewish society threatened by assimilation and modernity, educating a generation of girls to take an active part in their community. The movement grew at an astonishing pace, expanding to include high schools, teacher seminaries, summer programmes, vocational schools, and youth movements, in Poland and beyond; it continues to flourish throughout the Jewish diaspora.
Naomi Seidman explores the movement through the tensions that characterized it, capturing its complexity as a revolution in the name of tradition. She presents the context which led to its founding, examining the impact of socialism, feminism, Zionism, and Polish electoral politics on the process, and recounts its history, from its foundation in interwar Kraków to its near-destruction in the Holocaust, and its role in the reconstruction of Orthodoxy in subsequent decades.
A vivid portrait of Schenirer shines through. The book includes selections from her writings published in English for the first time. Her pioneering, determined character remains the subject of debate in a culture that still regards innovation, female initiative, and women’s Torah study with suspicion.
Fascinating new book ... Seidman is one of the most interesting scholars working in Jewish studies today.'
Rokhl Kafrissen, Tablet Magazine
'Professor Seidman recounts stories, legends, and myths about Schenirer. Here is a towering figure, a revolutionary who changed Jewish Orthodoxy, but who also embodied the values that tradition associated with femininity: simplicity, humbleness, and maternal care… We have empirical proof: Bais Yaakov gave birth to many ethically engaged, Jewish-educated women, among them, Naomi Seidman, author, scholar, and feminist.'
Brian Horowitz, H-Judaic
'[Sarah Schenirer and the Bais Yaakov Movement] serves as an important first major study of a figure and a movement that marked a significant shift in the position of Orthodox women… Seidman writes with passion, scholarship, and lucid prose.'
Jackie Rosensweig, Tradition
'Seidman’s study brings women’s voices back to the centre of the history of Orthodoxy. Much of the reason that women have been overlooked in the study of Orthodoxy has been the subjects that scholars and fields of study define as worthy of attention. As Seidman’s study reveals there is an abundance of data and archives to present a full—not simply a male—history of Orthodoxy.'
Eliyahu Stern, Shofar
'By combining her thoughtful monograph with a full translation of Schenirer’s available Yiddish writings, Seidman has made these important documents widely available in English for the first time… her nuanced portrait will only encourage other scholars to delve further into the many unanswered questions surrounding a movement that she has amply and subtly shown to be “a revolution in the name of tradition.”'
Eliyana R. Adler, Shofar
'An extremely valuable aspect of the book is its broad context, which allows the reader to see Schenirer’s work against the background of the changes taking place at that time not only within Orthodox Judaism itself but also in the emergent feminist, socialist, Zionist, and Yiddishist movements.'
Joanna Lisek, Shofar
'Sarah Schenirer and the Bais Yaakov Movement, which so many have been waiting for, does not disappoint. Only after seeing how significant Sarah Schenirer was can we both wonder why it took so long for a rigorous study of Bais Yaakov to appear, and realise how appreciative we have to be to Seidman for removing the veil of hagiography from this subject.'
Marc B. Shapiro, Shofar
'Naomi Seidman’s book fills a void in the study of modern Jewish history… This book is a building block in the future research of Orthodoxy and opens new frontiers for scholarship.'
Ilan Fuchs, The Lehrhaus
'Naomi Seidman is uniquely qualified to write the definitive biography of Sarah Schenirer... Seidman portrays
Schenirer as a learned, charismatic educator, worthy of being taken seriously
in the field of modern Jewish thought... I recommend this book to anyone interested in the history
of Jewish women’s education or allied fields.'
Debbie Weissman, Nashim
Naomi Seidman is the Chancellor Jackman Professor in the Arts at the University of Toronto. She was previously the Koret Professor of Jewish Culture at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, and was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2016. Her previous books include Faithful Renderings: Jewish-Christian Difference and the Politics of Translation (2006) and The Marriage Plot; or, How Jews Fell in Love with Love, and with Literature (2016).
Table of Contents
|List of Illustrations||12|
|Note on Transliteration||15|
|Part I: A HISTORY OF A REVOLUTION||30|
|1. ‘In a Place Where There Are No Men’: Before Bais Yaakov||32|
|2. ‘A New Thing that Our Ancestors Never Imagined’: Beginnings (1917–1924)||66|
|3. ‘Building Bais Yaakov’: Institution and Charisma||84|
|4. ‘So Shall You Say to the House of Jacob’: Forging the Discourse of Bais Yaakov||123|
|5. ‘A New Kind of Woman’: Bais Yaakov as Traditionalist Revolution||159|
|Epilogue: ‘Bais Yaakov, Let Us Walk in the Light of the Lord’: Destruction and Rebirth||220|
|Part II: COLLECTED WRITINGS: SARAH SCHENIRER||240|
|Foreword to the 1955 Edition||244|
|Foreword to the 1933 Edition||249|
|A Letter from the Hafets Hayim||251|
|Introduction to the 1955 Edition||253|
|I Pages from My Life||256|
|II Bais Yaakov and Bnos Agudath Israel||268|
|III The Jewish Year||302|
|IV Jewish Women’s Lives: The Sacred Obligations of the Jewish Woman||343|
|V Ten Letters to Jewish Children||352|
|VI A Letter from Mrs Schenirer, May She Rest in Peace||371|
|VII With Perseverance and Faith: From Kraków to New York||378|
|A. From the Diary||384|
|B. Sarah Schenirer’s Family Tree||396|
|C. Map of Sarah Schenirer’s Kraków||402|
|D. Maps of Bais Yaakov Schools, 1935||406|
|(1) in Poland and Lithuania||408|
|(2) in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Hungary||409|
|E. The Bnos Agudath Israel Anthem||410|
|Index of Citations||426|
|Index of Subjects||430|