The Lateran Synod of 649 was a major event in the ‘monothelete’ controversy of the seventh century over ‘wills’ and ‘operations’ in Christ. It represented a determined attempt by the papacy to frustrate and reverse the ecclesiastical policy of the emperor and patriarch at Constantinople. It represented the boldest challenge to imperial authority by churchmen that late antiquity had seen. The theology adopted by the synod and its expression in a series of speeches was the work of a team of Greek monks under the leadership of St Maximus the Confessor. This translation will add to the still limited body of material available in English for the study of a writer who is widely held to have been the greatest of all Byzantine theologians. The Acts of the synod have been a major puzzle ever since their editor, Rudolf Riedinger, demonstrated that the Greek version, not the Latin, is the original, even though the council must have conducted its business in Latin. This edition offers a new explanation of this anomaly, which restores authenticity to the synodal sessions, without denying that the Acts, as published, were not a straight factual record but propaganda intended to convince the Roman world of the orthodoxy and authority of the papacy.
Reviews'The three authors of this instalment in the Translated Texts for Historians series - Richard Price, Phil Booth, and Catherine Cubitt - set out to provide a manual for the study of the Lateran synod of 649, the monoenergism and monotheletism that the synod addressed, and the decades of political and theological controversy that gave rise to these 'heresies'. They accomplish all this in a volume that pairs a surprisingly compact introduction with an expert translation of the synod's voluminous acts, the first such translation into any modern language ... Each chapter is heavily referenced and effectively orients itself within the dialogue of recent scholarship. And the authors' arguments appear eminently plausible, if not entirely convincing. Price's translation of the Greek acts is superb, and little more need be said of it than that it and indeed the volume as a whole constitutes a major contribution to our understanding of seventh-century religion and politics in the Mediterranean Basin.'
Michael Elliot, Early Medieval Europe