The Fourth Century was crucial to both the Christian Church and Judaism: it saw the formulation of Christian doctrine and the completion of the Palestinian Talmud. Christianity was now the favoured religion of the Roman Empire, but Judaism remained a vital force. In this meticulously researched study Leopold Lucas explores the arguments and attitudes of the Church Fathers from Basil to Augustine. A picture emerges of a strenuous intellectual struggle between Christians and Jews. Thanks to their political ascendancy, the Christians emerged victorious. But the same pressures that excluded the Jews from authority in the Christian State resulted in their preservation as a necessary and hence tolerated minority faith in Mediaeval Europe.
Peter J. Lucas is presently Honorary Research Associate at the Department of Anglo-Saxon Norse and Celtic in the University of Cambridge, and is Emeritus Professor of Old and Middle English at University College Dublin, where he taught English Language and Medieval English Literature. He is the author of several books, including the facsimile edition of Franciscus Junius’s Cædmonis Monachi Paraphrasis Poetica Genesios, originally published in 1655 (Amsterdam, 2000), which includes the first edition ever of the Old English Exodus. Other books include From Author to Audience: John Capgrave and Medieval Publication (Dublin 1997), and The Medieval Manuscripts at Maynooth: Explorations in the Unknown, with Angela M. Lucas (Dublin, 2014), as well as several volumes in the series Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile. He has also written ninety or so articles on Old and Middle English, the history of the English language, and the early printing of Anglo-Saxon.