Twenty-Four Lays from the French Middle Ages

BookTwenty-Four Lays from the French Middle Ages

Twenty-Four Lays from the French Middle Ages

Exeter Studies in Medieval Europe


December 5th, 2016

Access Token


Other Formats



This prose translation of twenty-four lays from the French Middle Ages brings to the general reader as well as to scholars a complement to the twelve well-known lays by Marie de France, the possible creator of the genre. These lays are mostly anonymous, and the majority, but by no means all of them, are, like Marie’s lays, centred on a love interest of some kind in a variety of settings. But, unlike Marie’s lays, their treatment varies from the courtly and sophisticated to the comic or the tragic, thereby illustrating the range of poems covered by the term lai in twelfth- and thirteenth-century France. A significant number of these lays, based in the courtly world, contain supernatural elements or magic objects that are fundamental to the story as it is related, and sometimes the heroes leave the real world to dwell forever in an otherworldly domain. Other lays have a more mundane feel to them and seem closer to the fabliau in tone. In one instance, the lay of Haveloc, the tale owes more to legendary history than to pure fantasy. Overall, this collection stakes a claim to make an important contribution to the Medieval French lay within the wider European tradition of the short story and the literature of love.


'With this volume, and the projects which have preceded it, Burgess and Brook are to be congratulated for their work in ensuring greater prominence for these lays, and in widening resources for use in comparative and interdisciplinary scholarship.'
Alison Williams, Modern Language Review

'This volume is suitable for use in the classroom as well as for enjoyment by the general reader.'
The Society for the Study of Medieval Languages and Literature

Author Information

Glyn S. Burgess is Emeritus Professor of French at the University of Liverpool. His Penguin Classics edition of The Lais of Marie de France has sold more than 150,000 copies. He is co-author of The Roman de Troie by Benoît de Sainte-Maure (with Douglas Kelly, D. S. Brewer, 2017). In 1999 he was made a Chevalier des Palmes Académiques and he is an Honorary President of the International Courtly Literature Society. Leslie Brook is Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the University of Birmingham

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
General Introduction7
Magic and Mystery19
1. Melion20
2. Tyolet31
3. Graelent43
4. Guingamor 56
5. Desiré67
6. Doon80
7. Espine87
8. Tydorel96
9. Trot105
Fun and Games111
10. Mantel112
11. Cor127
12. Aristote136
13. Lecheor147
14. Ignaure151
15. Oiselet165
16. Espervier173
17. Nabaret179
Passion and Tears183
18. Piramus and Thisbe184
19. Narcisus and Dané198
Romance and Realism215
20. The Chastelaine de Vergi216
21. Lai de l’Ombre233
22. Amours250
23. Conseil261
The Lay as History 275
24. Haveloc276
Index of Proper Names304