Victorian Jews Through British Eyes

BookVictorian Jews Through British Eyes

Victorian Jews Through British Eyes

The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization

1986

December 11th, 1986

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When Queen Victoria came to the throne in 1837, Britain was home to only 30,000 Jews and they did not yet have full political rights. By the end of the century their numbers had increased about sevenfold, and practising Jews had taken their places in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Victoria’s reign therefore saw a tremendous change in the profile of Jews within British society.

The Victorian period was also one of economic transition for British Jews. While initially in a narrow range of predominantly working-class or marginal occupations with only a small upper-class élite, Jews became increasingly middle-class during these years; they began to enter the professions, and to move from inner London to fashionable suburbs. Increasingly, Britain's Jews were British-born and of British descent, and proclaimed their loyalty to British ideals. From 1881 on, however, the position changed dramatically: a mass of Jewish immigrants arriving from Russia, made conspicuous by their foreign dress, appearance, language, and habits, prompted the emergence of an ‘Aliens Question’ into the British political arena. The image of Jews changed yet again.

All these developments were picked up in the illustrated magazines of the time: the object of a magazine is to interest its readers, and the unfamiliar may be more compelling reading than the commonplace. To illustrate the social history of the Jews in Victorian Britain, the authors therefore combed the Illustrated London News, Punch, and The Graphic and selected nearly 150 illustrations, with commentary, to show how the British image of the Jew developed in this period. The topics considered include early Victorian attitudes to Jews; the leading Jewish families and other prominent Jews; the Jewish way of life; immigrant Jews; Jewish life abroad; and the Jew in art.

'The editors of this highly interesting collection provide the background necessary to place all the material in its historical context.' Merle Rubin, Christian Science Monitor 'Consistently a pleasure to look at.'
Chaim Bermant, Daily Telegraph
'A most original and fascinating book ... a rich source-book for the social history of the Jews in Victorian England which is also a valuable contribution to the history of journalism.'
Geoffrey Hodgson, The Independent
'If you are interested in the opinions of non-Jewish journalists about things Jewish in Victorian England, then this is the book for you. But even if you are not, you can usefully learn much about Jewish life in those times.'
Reuven Ben Dov, Jerusalem Post
'The authors have married illustrations and text with consummate skill so as to effect continuity. Themes are carefully selected to define characters and situations that had a major influence in changing British attitudes towards Jews. The clarity of style and highly evocative illustrations combine to make this a reading mustA" for all concerned with both British and Jewish social history.'
William Fishman, Jewish Chronicle
'One of the most delightful and interesting books I have encountered in a long time. It is not a scholarly book, although its contents will provide a rich source of material and information for any student of Anglo-Jewish history ... as a means of acquiring a gem of a publication, you could do no better than buying this fascinating and charming ... volume.'
Alastair Falk, L'Eylah
'The magnificent little pictures make this book fascinating browsing and reading.'
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Author Information

Anne Cowen was educated at University College London and at the City University Business School. She was Senior Lecturer in Economics and Industrial Relations at the Polytechnic of Central London. She has also undertaken economic research and business consultancy work, and is currently involved in running a small business. She has lectured widely on ‘Victorian Jews through British eyes’ and related themes, including at the Museum of London and Jewish Book Week, and on BBC radio. She is involved in a wide range of communal educational and charitable work, and is a Trustee of the New London Synagogue. The late Roger Cowen was educated at the University of Manchester and received an MBA from Columbia University Business School. He pursued a very creative and successful business career, and had a wide range of interests in the arts and communal activities. He died in 1986. A keen photographer, Roger Cowen, with Anne Cowen, visited many small provincial synagogues in the United Kingdom and researched their histories. Their visits to antiques shops and bookshops proved a pleasurable activity and yielded much of the material used in this book.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright5
Dedication6
Preface8
Contents10
The Victorian Jewish Background12
The Victorian Illustrated Magazines21
1: Early Attitudes Towards Jews30
2: Three Prominent Families61
The Rothschilds63
The Sassoons85
The Montefiores94
3: Other Prominent Jews109
4: The Jewish Way of Life119
5: The Immigrants151
6: Jewish Life Abroad: Places and People178
7: The Jew in Art212
Appendix: Artists' Names224