The Wisdom of the Zohar

BookThe Wisdom of the Zohar

The Wisdom of the Zohar

Anthology of Texts

The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization

1989

September 1st, 1989

Access Token
£75.00
£75.00

Details

Other Formats

Price

Description

The Zohar is the fundamental work of Jewish mysticism. Isaiah Tishby’s classic and definitive Wisdom of the Zohar makes the world of the Zohar available to the English-speaking reader in all its complexity and poetry. The extended extracts are arranged by topic, each section being prefaced by introductory explanations and accompanied by copious notes. There is also a General Introduction on the complex symbolism of the Zohar and on its historical and literary background. The scholarly value of David Goldstein’s acclaimed translation is enhanced by an index expanded to include references to passages cited in the introduction and notes, and by the addition of a subject index and an index of biblical references. Isaiah Tishby was awarded the Bialik Prize 1972, the Israel Prize 1979, and the Rothschild Prize 1982, mainly for his work on The Wisdom of the Zohar. David Goldstein was awarded the Webber Prize 1987 for this translation.

‘We thought we had understood the Zohar but Tishby showed us the mystical level, and we never read the Zohar the same way again. . . . Now the splendour of the Book of Splendour is available for all to see. The masterful work of Tishby has been complemented by a masterful translation by Goldstein. . . . This work is a solid step into a substantial and new view of what religion is about; it should be a part of every scholarly library, in religion as well as in Jewish studies.’
- David R. Blumenthal, Journal of the American Academy of Religion

‘. . . extensive and erudite introductions to every section of this magnum opus . . . [Tishby’s] introductory essays, as well as his annotations to the passages in these three volumes, demonstrate his vast erudition and comprehension of Kabbalistic theology and literature and thereby introduce the reader into the realms of Kabbalah hitherto inaccessible except to a coterie of scholars. The comprehensive bibliography, select glossary, an index of references to the Zohar, as well as an index of Scriptural references to the texts of this anthology, enhance our appreciation of this tour de force which deserves to adorn the bookshelf of the intelligent layman and the serious student.’
- S. B. Leperer, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies

‘Excellent English translation . . . We are presented not only with the best available English translation of large sections of the Zohar but with an extensive, informed running commentary . . . a brilliant introduction that situates the Zohar in its historical and theological context . . . with an extensive, informed running commentary that for the first time really makes the arcane, esoteric, Zoharic text available. In addition Tishby has provided an excellent introduction . . . Every library of any size and quality should add this work to its collection.’
- S. P. Katz, Choice

‘In many ways the crowning achievement of the Littman Library.’
- Samuel H. Dresner, Conservative Judaism

‘An indispensable guide . . . stylishly and accurately translated . . . The bewildering diversity of the Zoharic literature is made manageable by the arrangement of the most important passages as an anthology under subject headings, while the lucid notes and introductions to each section by Isaiah Tishby throw light on even the most obscure passages.’
- Hyam Maccoby, European Judaism

‘An elegant English translation . . . [Tishby’s] work on Jewish mysticism opened up new paths and helped to establish it as a focus of scholarship.’
- Hyam Maccoby, The Independent (from his obituary of Tishby)

‘This superb addition to the Littman Library of Jewish Civilization comes already garlanded with awards . . . These three volumes deserve, and demand, serious and committed study, equal to the enormous dedication and devotion that went into their production. We must be grateful to all concerned in opening this mysterious Jewish world to a wider audience.’
- Jonathan Magonet, Jewish Chronicle

‘Makes possible, for the English-speaking reader, the study of a broad selection of texts from the Zohar thematically arranged and set in the context of a systematic exploration of their conceptual background. It is a work greatly to be welcomed . . . there has long been a need for such a work. . . . We should be grateful to David Goldstein for his decade of labour of love and to Louis Littman and the Littman Library for having the courage and commitment to support such a task . . . each passage is well-footnoted, the great achievement of this project being to provide a guide for the uninitiated to the rich symbolism and metaphoric reference of the text . . . There is something immensely rich and fertile about the text and texture of the work which has always been of broad appeal. . . . David Goldstein’s translation reads beautifully. Fortunately, he has added additional explanations, when necessary, to the notes . . . There can be no doubt that The Wisdom of the Zohar affords the English-speaking reader a far deeper entry into the subject than was previously available. . . . This translation . . . must place him among the best translators of our time . . . The Wisdom of the Zohar is therefore evidence that [Louis Littman’s] vision of a Library of Jewish Civilization of a standard of excellence will not be forsaken.’
- Jonathan Wittenberg, Jewish Quarterly

‘For over thirty years, Isaiah Tishby’s study of the Zohar has been hailed as a classic, a landmark in modern Hebrew letters. Beautifully written and deeply learned, it has opened the recondite world of the Zohar to more than a generation of Hebrew readers. Thus, the appearance of the long-awaited English translation is a cause for celebration . . . its mysterious power remains largely intact . . . The Zohar . . . is the richest, most imaginative work in the annals of Jewish mysticism . . . Tishby’s selection of primary sources is exemplary, and the commentaries to them, lucid . . . the unusually fine, exacting translation . . . the English reader remains in Goldstein’s debt. Excellent indices have been provided, as well as an updated bibliography. . . . essential reading for anyone seeking to plumb critically the depths of the Jewish mystical tradition . . . this is a classic about a classic.’
- Elliott Ginsburg, Journal of Religion

‘Its three-volume English translation now, for the first time, puts the Zohar truly at the disposal of students coming from other disciplines concerned with religious mysticism who appreciate the importance of treating the Jewish material seriously. . . . it is a monumental achievement . . . Goldstein’s sensitive English version is a great convenience . . . the service to scholarship of the Littman Library in making it available.’
- Raphael Loewe, L’Eylah

‘La Littman Library of Jewish Civilization ajoute à sa panoplie d’études juives un des classiques des recherches modernes sur la mystique . . . sera . . . un élément indispensable à la bibliographie de tout étudiant de la mystique . . . la tradition anglaise, aussi érudite qu’élégante . . . cette série prestigieuse.’
- Paul Fenton, Revue des Études Juives

‘An essential aid for understanding the text of the Zohar, and Goldstein, the Littman Library . . . have done us a great service in making it available in English translation . . . any library which claims to cover Judaism and mysticism will have to have a copy of this book.’
- A. P. Hayman

https://global.oup.com/academic/product/9781874774280?cc=us

Author Information

Isaiah Tishby was Emeritus Professor of Philosophical, Mythical, and Ethical Hebrew at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem until his death in 1992. He was awarded the Bialik Prize 1972, the Israel Prize 1979, and the Rothschild Prize 1982, mainly for his work on The Wisdom of the Zohar. David Goldstein, late Curator of Hebrew Books and Manuscripts at the British Library, was awarded the Webber Prize 1987 for this translation shortly before he died.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright5
Contents6
A Special Preface to the Translator's Introduction22
Translator's Introduction24
Preface to Hebrew Volume I26
Preface to Hebrew Volume II30
General Introduction34
I The Structure and Literary Form of the Zohar34
a. The Various Sections34
b. The Characteristics of the Zohar40
c. The Narrative Framework42
II The Publication and Influence of the Zohar46
a. The Testimony of Rabbi Isaac of Acre46
b. Verification of the Evidence50
c. The Sanctity of the Zohar56
III The History of Zohar Scholarship63
a. Early Criticism63
b. Christian Kabbalah and Rabbi Judah Aryeh Modena66
c. The Sabbatean Movement and Rabbi Jacob Emden71
d. Zohar Scholarship in the Enlightenment Period76
e. Later Studies of the Zohar84
IV Zohar Criticism88
a. Indecisive Arguments88
b. The Foundations of Zohar Criticism91
c. Evidence for the Antiquity of the Zohar116
V Various Solutions120
a. Later Redaction120
b. Composition over a Long Period of Time122
c. Composition in the Thirteenth Century124
d. Unresolved Questions127
VI Printed Editions, Manuscripts, Translations, and Commentaries130
a. Printed Editions of the Zohar130
b. Zohar Manuscripts132
c. Translations of the Zohar134
d. Zohar Commentaries136
Preliminaries: Events and Personalities162
1. The Greatness of Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai162
2. The Teaching of Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai163
3. The Angel of Death Put to Flight168
4. Miracles: The Plantation of Rabbi Pinhas ben Yair170
5. The Righteous Man of his Time. Annulling the Decrees-I179
6. The Righteous Man of his Time. Annulling the Decrees-II180
7. Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai and His Generation-I181
8. Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai and His Generation-II183
9. Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai and His Generation--III183
10. Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai and Rabbi Eleazar in the Cave184
11. The Emergence from the Cave187
12. The Entry into the Great Assembly188
13. The Exit from the Great Assembly191
14. The Illness of Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai192
15. Revelation of Mysteries before His Departure194
16. The Departure of Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai197
17. After the Death of Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai198
18. In the Celestial Academy199
19. Rav Hamnuna Sava202
20. The Old Man of Mishpatim210
21. The Child230
22. Rabbi Eliezer the Great256
Part I: The Godhead260
Section I: En-Sof and the World of Emanation262
Introduction262
a. The Mystery of the Godhead262
b. En-Sof and the Order of the Sefirot265
c. Dualism and Unity268
d. En-Sof and Keter275
e. En-Sof in the Raya Mehemna and the Tikkunei ha-Zohar279
1. En-Sof and Ayin (Nothing)290
2. Cause above All Causes291
3. En-Sof beyond All Perception292
4. The Conduct of the World through the Sefirot292
5. Soul and Body295
6. Essence and Vessels298
7. Acts of En-Sof299
Section II: Sefirot302
Introduction302
a. The Nature and Function of the Sefirot302
b. The Process of Emanation306
c. The Paths of Symbolism316
d. An Array of Symbols323
1. The Process of Emanation342
2. The Chain of the Sefirot346
3. Straight Line351
4. The Unification of the Sefirot through the Mystery of the Light of the Lamp352
5. Colors and Lights355
6. The Lights of Thought357
7. Thought, Voice, and Speech-I358
8. Thought, Voice, and Speech-II359
9. Thought and Understanding360
10. Gates361
11. Mi-Eleh-Elohim364
12. The Death of the Kings365
13. Atika Kadisha and Ze'ir Anpin367
14. The White Head and the Strong Skull369
15· The Countenance of the King370
16. Father and Mother, Son and Daughter374
17. The Letter yod375
18. The Letters yod, He, Vav376
19. Names of God377
20. Patriarchs381
21. Firmaments382
22. Firmaments, Streams, and Sea383
23. The Streets of the River385
24. The Jubilee and the Year of Release387
25. The Hills of the World388
26. The Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge-I389
27. The Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge-II391
28. The Written Torah and the Oral Torah392
29. Heaven and Earth, Day and Night393
30. Zion and Jerusalem395
31. The Holy One, Blessed be He, and the Assembly of Israel396
32. The Arousal of Love397
33. The Mystery of the Kiss397
34· Intercourse398
35. Love and Jealousy399
Section III: Shekhinah404
Introduction404
a. The Character and Situation of the Shekhinah404
b. Cutting and Separation406
c. The Attribute of Judgment and its Relationship to "the Other Side"409
d. The Mother of the World and the Assembly of Israel412
e. The Exile of the Shekhinah415
1. The House of the World422
2. A Lily424
3. A Rose and a Lily424
4. A Well425
5. A Hind426
6. A Woman of Worth429
7. Zedek (Righteousness)430
8. The Agent of the Holy One, Blessed be He431
9. Gate432
10. The Door of the Tent433
11. A Continual Burnt-Offering434
12. Moon435
13. The Diminution of the Moon436
14. The Shape of the Moon437
15. States of the Moon437
16. The Destruction of the Temple439
17. The Casting-down of the Shekhinah440
18. The Dismissal of the Queen441
19. The Mourning of the Holy One, Blessed be He, and the Angels442
20. Separation442
21. In Exile443
22. Longing444
23. The Shekhinah, Above and Below445
24. In the Land of Israel and outside the Land447
25. The Darkened Light449
26. Joy and Sorrow450
27. Surety453
28. In the Street of the Tanners454
Section IV: Influence and Direction456
Introduction456
a. Dynamic Direction456
b. The Tension and Balancing of Opposites459
1. Influence from Atika Kadisha464
2. The Upper Mother and the Lower Mother464
3. Feeding the Upper and the Lower Worlds465
4. Blessing466
5. Righteousness467
6. Watering469
7. The Eyes of the Lord470
8. Direction on Weekdays and on the Sabbath471
9. Acceptable Time472
10. Atonement for Sin473
11. The Presence of God in the Worlds473
12. The Concealed Light474
13. The Primal Light475
14. The Renewal of the Work of Creation475
Volume II: Part II: The Other Side492
Section I: The Forces of Uncleanness494
Introduction494
a. Good and Evil494
b. The Dualistic Tendency497
c. Restrictions on Dualism501
d. The Emergence of Evil505
e. The Domain of the Husks508
f. Mythological Images511
1. The Array of Powers522
2. The Sefirot of Uncleanness529
3. Seven Breaths530
4. Pharaoh's Dream531
5. Tohu and Bohu (Waste and Void)532
6. Red and Black535
7. Light and Darkness536
8. Four Husks537
9. Shells and Kingdoms539
10. The Shells of the Nut540
11. Kernel and Shell541
12. The Precedence of the Shell543
13. The Rule of the Shells543
14. Death and the Shadow of Death545
15. Snake546
16. Monster547
17. Monsters548
18. The Ox, the Ass, and the Dog554
Section II: The Activity of "the Other Side"556
Introduction556
1. The Seduction of the Snake in the Upper Worlds560
2. The Four Primary Causes of Injury561
3. The Infertility of "the Other Side"564
4. Repulsing "the Other Side"564
5. Accusation566
6. Appeasing "the Other Side"-I568
7. Appeasing "the Other Side"-II569
8. Preliminaries to Action571
9. Night571
10. The Crevice of the Great Deep572
11. Deceiving the Sinners572
12. Good Days and Evil Days573
Section III: Demons and Spirits576
Introduction576
1. The Desert580
2. The Yemim in the Desert581
3. Blemished Creatures-I582
4. Blemished Creatures-II584
5. Samael and Lilith585
6. Lilith in the Cities of the Sea586
7. Lilith, the Infant-slayer587
8. Naamah, Mother of Demons588
9. Naamah and Lilith589
10. The Spirit of Uncleanness590
11. The Arousal of the Spirit of Uncleanness591
12. The Rout of the Demons592
Part III: Creation594
Section I: The Account of Creation596
Introduction596
a. The Process of Creation596
b. The System of the Worlds602
1. Forty-two Letters608
2. The Letters of the Alphabet609
3. Fire, Water, and Spirit614
4. The Design of the Worlds615
5. The Upper World and the Lower World616
6. The Pillars of the World616
7. The Foundation Stone-I617
8. The Foundation Stone-II618
9. Creatio ex Nihilo619
10. Potentiality and Actuality620
11. Different Kinds621
12. Heaven and Earth-I622
13· Heaven and Earth-II623
14· Heaven and Earth-III623
15· Lights625
16. Conflict and Division626
17· Upper and Lower Worlds628
18. Sea and Dry Land629
19· The Completion of Creation630
20. The Hidden Light632
21. The Chain of the Generations633
Section II: The Account of the Chariot634
Introduction634
1. The Halls644
2. The Throne of Glory662
3· The Angels that Bear the Throne662
4· The Creatures of the Chariot663
5· Creatures and Wheels664
6. Hashmal-I666
7· Hashmal-II666
8. Four Rivers667
Section III: Angels670
Introduction670
a. The Role of the Angels670
b. Metatron and the Nefilim673
1. The Nature of the Angels682
2. The Creation and Destruction of the Angels682
3. The Melody of the Cherubim's Wings683
4. The Song of the Angels-I684
5. The Song of the Angels-II685
6. The Song of the Angels-III687
7. Messengers-I689
8. Messengers-II689
9. Metatron690
10. The Tabernacle of Metatron692
11. Four Angels693
12. Michael and Gabriel695
13. Uriel695
14. Boel696
15. Uzza and Azael697
Section IV: The Natural World700
Introduction700
1. Firmaments and Lands704
2. Deeps705
3. The Sun-I706
4. The Sun-II707
5. The Song of the Stars708
6. The Stars and the Control of the World709
7. The Activity of the Stars710
8. The Seven Planets712
9. The Comet713
10. The Snake in the Firmament713
11. The Rainbow714
12. The Sea's Pride715
13. Evening and Morning716
14. Morning717
15. The Hind of the Dawn718
16. Trees and Herbs718
17. The Mystery of the Echo719
Part IV: The Doctrine of Man722
Section I: The Three Souls724
Introduction724
a. The Nature and Status of Man724
b. The Tripartite Soul731
c. The Origin of the Different Parts of the Soul739
d. The Preexistence of the Soul745
e. The Theory of the Soul in the Midrash ha-Ne'elam750
1. The Storehouse of Souls770
2. Neshamah and Nefesk Ifayyah771
3. The Parts of the Soul and Their Functions776
4. The Unity of Neshamah, Ruah, and Nefesh778
5. Neshamah, Ruah, and Nefesh and their Different Levels780
6. The Three Parts of the Soul as a Model of the Upper Glory783
7. The Birth of the Souls785
8. The Life of the Souls in the Upper World787
9. The Form of the Souls788
10. The Soul's Oath791
11. The Descent of the Spirit into the Body from the Garden of Eden792
12. The Purpose of the Soul's Descent794
Section II: Body and Soul796
Introduction796
a. The Descent of the Soul796
b. Blemished Souls801
c. Body and Soul and Man's Inclinations808
d. The Theory of the Image817
1. The Elements in Man824
2. The Origin of the Soul and the Origin of the Body825
3. The Movement of the Body through the Power of the Soul830
4. The Light of the Soul in the Body831
5. Man's Likeness832
6. The Images of Man834
7. The Liver and the Heart836
8. The Brain, the Heart, and the Liver839
9. The Structure of the Human Body841
10. The Good Inclination and the Evil Inclination842
11. The Soul, the Body, and the Evil Inclination845
12. The Power of Desire848
13. The Wiles of the Evil Inclination850
14. The Evil Inclination as God's Agent851
Section III: Sleep and Dreams856
Introduction856
1. Sleep, a Sixtieth Part of Death862
2. Entrusting the Soul to the Tree of Death863
3. The Ascent of the Soul during Sleep865
4. The Soul is Judged during Sleep866
5. The Dreams of the Wicked and the Dreams of the Righteous867
6. Good and Evil in Dreams868
7. Dream and Prophecy871
8. The Song of the Souls at Night874
9. The Renewal of the Soul in the Morning874
Section IV: Death878
Introduction878
1. This World-the Twinkling of an Eye884
2. Remembering the Day of Death885
3. Thirty Days before Death886
4. Illness and Death887
5. There is no Death without Sin889
6. The Soul Renders Account at the Time of Death891
7. The Departure of the Soul892
8. Covering the Eyes of the Dead895
9. The Prohibition of Delaying the Burial897
10. Death at an Early Age899
11. The Death of the Righteous and the Death of the Wicked902
12. Death in the Holy Land and Death outside the Holy Land904
13. The Spirits of the Dead907
Volume III: Part V: Sacred Worship922
Section I: The Tabernacle and the Temple924
Introduction924
a. The Mysteries of the Tabernacle and the Temple924
b. The Mystery of the Sacrifices935
c. Sitra Ahra's Share of the Sacrifices947
d. Offerings as Symbols952
1. The Building of the Tabernacle966
2. The Tabernacle and the Temple968
3. The Table and the Showbread970
4. The Breastplate and the Ephod974
5. The Effect of the Gold Plate977
6. The Ritual Performed by the High Priest on the Day of Atonement978
7· The Whole-offering980
8. Sacrifices and Libations984
9· Red and White in Sacrificial Offerings987
10. The Altar-fire Destroys Evil989
11. Incense990
12. Priests Are Prohibited from Drinking Wine994
13· The Priests, the Levites, and Israel996
Section II: Prayer and Devotion998
Introduction998
a. "Worship in the Heart" before the Zohar998
b. The Zohar's Understanding of "Worship in the Heart"1008
c. The Mystical Significance of the Statutory Prayers1019
d. Fear of God, Love of God, and Communion1031
1. The Synagogue1074
2. The Quorum of Ten-Mirryan1075
3. Morning and Afternoon Prayer1077
4. The Mystery of Unification through the Recital of the Shema1080
5. The Eighteen Benedictions1086
6. The Kedushah1087
7. Prostration1090
8. The Reading of the Torah1094
9. Confession1096
10. Prayer and Sacrifices1099
11. Praying Silently1101
12. From the Depths1102
13. The Cry of the Heart1103
14. The Prayer of the Poor1104
15. The Value of Kavvanah in Prayer1106
16. The Ascent of the Shekhinah through Prayer1110
17. The Activity of Prayer and Its Reward1113
18. The Knowledge of God1117
19. Fear and Love1121
20. Fear and Joy1125
21. Gladness and Sorrow1126
22. Cleaving with Love1129
23. Servants and Sons1130
Section III: Torah1134
Introduction1134
a. Literal and Hidden Meanings in the Torah1134
b. Attitudes toward the Torah in the Raya Mehemna and the Tikkunei ha-Zohar1146
1. The Torah Sustains the World1180
2. The Narratives of the Torah1181
3. The Bodies of the Torah, and the Soul of the Torah1183
4. Original Interpretations of Torah1184
5. The Level of Mystical Knowledge1188
6. Halakhic Studies1190
7. Studying Torah at Midnight1194
8. The Study of Torah for Its Own Sake1196
9. Sin Does not Extinguish Torah1199
10. Those Who Support the Torah1202
11. The Scholars and the Unlearned1204
Section IV: Commandments-Positive and Negative1212
Introduction1212
1. The Ten Commandments1230
2. The Covenant of Circumcision1233
3. The Observance of Circumcision1235
4. Zizit1240
5. Tefillin1243
6. Mezuzah1245
7. Charity1247
8. Oaths and Vows1249
9. The Taking of God's Name in Vain1251
10. Forbidden Sexual Relations1253
11. Driving Away the Shekhinah1259
12. Mixed Kinds1262
13. Forbidden Foods1266
14. Gentile Wine1268
15. The Value of Deeds1269
Section V: Sabbath and Festivals1272
Introduction1272
a. The Sabbath1272
b. The Festivals1295
1. Importance of the Sabbath1338
2. Welcoming the Sabbath1340
3· Sabbath Delight1342
4· The Sabbath Meals1343
5· The Additional Soul1347
6. Havdalah at the Close of the Sabbath1352
7· The New Year1355
8. The Day of Atonement1359
9· Receiving Guests in the Sukkah1362
10. The Four Species1365
11. The Passover1371
12. Narrating the Exodus from Egypt1373
13· Tikkun Leyl Shavuot1375
14· Festival Joy and Sabbath Joy1376
15· Sharing Festival Joy with the Poor1381
Part VI: Practical Life1384
Section I: Morality1386
Introduction1386
1. Humility1394
2. The Modesty of Jewish Women1394
3· Trust1396
4· Repaying Evil with Good1397
5· Hospitality1398
6. Pride1399
7· The Arrogance of Rulers1400
8. Anger1401
9· Evil Speech1404
10. Miserliness1406
11. Drunkenness1407
12. Wisdom and Folly1408
13· Delivering a Rebuke1410
Section II: Conjugal Life1412
Introduction1412
1. Male and Female Souls1438
2. The Commandment of Procreation1439
3. Assuring One's Livelihood before Marriage1441
4. The Good Woman and the Evil Woman1443
5. Conjugal Manners1445
6. Sexual Intercourse by the Sages on Sabbath Eves1447
7. The Sanctification of Intercourse1451
8. Intercourse of the Righteous with the Shekhinah1453
9. Alien Thoughts during Intercourse1457
10. Attracting a Soul from Sitra Ahra1460
11. The Merit of Having Virtuous Children1462
Section III: The Righteous and the Wicked1464
Introduction1464
a. The Terms ?,addik and Rasha before the Zohar1464
b. The Righteous and the Wicked in the Main Body of the Zohar1470
c. The Righteous and the Wicked in the Raya Mehemna and the Tikkunei ha-Zohar1483
1. The Righteous, the Wicked, and the Intermediate1524
2. The Mixed Multitude1527
3. The Sins of the Rich and the Sins of the Poor1530
4. The Sins of the Wicked and the Sins of the Righteous1532
5. Marks of Sin on the Face1535
6. Defending the Wicked1538
7. Testing the Righteous and Bearing with the Wicked1540
8. This World Is for the Wicked, and the Next World for the Righteous1544
9. The Element of Fear in the Trust of the Righteous1545
10. The Suffering of the Righteous1546
11. The Righteous Suffer to Atone for the Sins of the World1551
12. The Righteous Die because of the Sins of their Generation1553
Section IV: Repentance1556
Introduction1556
1. The Power of Repentance1568
2. Repentance through Tears1571
3. Fasting and Tears1572
4. Atonement for Sin through Repentance1575
5. Repairing Damage through Repentance1576
6. Escaping from Punishment by Repentance1578
7. Repentance at the Hour of Death1580
8. The Exalted Status of the Penitent Sinner1581
Bibliography of Works Cited1586
Select Additional Bibliography of Other Works1602
Select Glossary1606
Index of References to the Zohar1614
Index of Scriptural References1627
Index to the Anthology Texts1644