An Alternative Encyclopedia?

BookAn Alternative Encyclopedia?

An Alternative Encyclopedia?

Dennis de Coetlogon’s Universal history of the arts and sciences (1745)

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2010:03


March 4th, 2010

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The modern encyclopedia was born in the eighteenth century. Although numerous studies have shed light on its evolution, important participants have been neglected. Dennis de Coetlogon’s Universal history of the arts and sciences may be little known to us today, but its contribution to the development of the encyclopedia is as compelling as it is paradoxical.

Loveland examines the Universal history in its cultural context to provide the most detailed picture to date of the world of British encyclopedias in the first half of the eighteenth century. His lively analysis reveals how Coetlogon:

  • flouted the emerging norms of encyclopedia-writing, combining impartial discourse with harangues, advertisements and personal revelations
  • broadened the scope of the traditional dictionary of arts and sciences towards history, geography and religion
  • included far fewer and longer articles than was customary in alphabetical works
  • championed Christian and politically conservative values, providing a fascinating counter-model to the later French Encyclopédie
In triggering the adoption of serial publication by the owners of Chambers’s Cyclopedia, and establishing a model for alphabetized treatises taken up by the Encyclopedia Britannica, the Universal history was indeed an inspiration for the modern encyclopedia.

'[…] cette recherche, appuyée sur une parfaite connaissance de la littérature critique – voir l’abondante bibliographie très à jour – constitue enfin une très intéressante contribution aux nouvelles voies d’analyse de la lexicographie historique comparée.'
- Recherches sur Diderot et sur l’‘Encyclopédie’

'In his Conclusion, Loveland argues that the study of little-known encyclopedias adds to our understanding of the more famous ones. This fascinating account of one such example will be of value to readers interested in many issues of publishing and readership in the eighteenth century.'
- French Studies

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
List of illustrations10
List of abbreviations14
1. Coetlogon’s life and autobiography30
2. The publication of the Universal history64
3. The compilation of the Universal history96
4. A novel organisational plan126
5. Advertising in and around encyclopedias164
6. A polemical encyclopedia192