The Enlightenment in Bohemia

BookThe Enlightenment in Bohemia

The Enlightenment in Bohemia

Religion, Morality and Multiculturalism

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2011:07

2011

July 6th, 2011

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Recent discussion of the European Enlightenment has tended to highlight its radical, atheist currents of thought and their relation to modernity, but much less attention has been paid to the importance of religion. Contributors to The Enlightenment in Bohemia redress this balance by focusing on the interactions of moral philosophy and Catholic theology in Central Europe.
Bohemia’s vibrant plurality of cultures provides a unique insight into different manifestations of Enlightenment, from the Aufklärung of scholars and priests to the aristocratic Lumières and the Jewish Haskalah. Four key areas of interest are highlighted: the institutional background and media which disseminated moral knowledge, developments in secular philosophy, the theology of the Josephist Church and ethical debates within the Jewish Haskalah. At the centre of this fertile intellectual environment is the presence of Karl Heinrich Seibt, theologian and teacher, whose pupils and colleagues penetrated the diverse milieus of multicultural Bohemia.
The Enlightenment in Bohemia brings fresh insights into the nature and transmission of ideas in eighteenth-century Europe. It reaffirms the existence of a religious Enlightenment, and replaces the traditional context of ‘nation’ with a new awareness of intersecting national and linguistic cultures, which has a particular relevance today.

The book’s contributors provide a wealth of information that reveals the patterns of Enlightenment in Central Europe. […] The research shows Bohemian intellectual circles’ facility with multiple languages, social diversity, variety of organizations and institutions for intellectual exchange, and the convergence of secular ideas, French and German Protestant influenecs, and both the reformed and conservative strands of Catholicism and Judaism.
- Austrian History Yearbook

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
Contents6
List of illustrations and tables8
Acknowledgements10
Abbreviations12
IVO CERMAN, Introduction: the Enlightenment in Bohemia14
I. Enlightenment institutions and media50
RITA KRUEGER, The scientific academy and beyond: the institutions of the Enlightenment52
IVO CERMAN, The Enlightenment universities68
CLAIRE MADL and MICHAEL WÖGERBAUER, Censorship and book supply82
HELGA MEISE, Morality, fiction and manners in the moral weeklies in Prague102
ANDREAS ÖNNERFORS, Freemasonry and civil society: reform of manners and the Journal für Freymaurer (1784-1786)124
II. The construction of a secular morality?142
IVO CERMAN, Ethics and natural law: Jesuit Wolffianism in Prague 1750-1773144
IVO CERMAN, Secular moral philosophy: Karl Heinrich Seibt160
IVO CERMAN, Moral anthropology of Joseph Nikolaus Windischgrätz182
III. Towards a Josephist moral theology204
MARTIN GAŽI, The Enlightenment from below: the Catholic regular clergy in Bohemia and Moravia206
JAROSLAV LORMAN, The concept of moral theology of Augustin Zippe, a moral theologian at the turn of the epoch222
IV. Morality in the Jewish world244
PAVEL SLÁDEK, Ezekiel Landau (1713-1793) – a political rabbi246
LOUISE HECHT, The Haskalah in Bohemia and Moravia: a gendered perspective266
RACHEL MANEKIN, The moral education of Jewish youth: the case of Bne Zion286
DAVID SORKIN, Afterword: the Enlightenment – Bohemian style?308
Summaries316
Bibliography322
Index346