Epicurus in the Enlightenment

BookEpicurus in the Enlightenment

Epicurus in the Enlightenment

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2009:12

2009

December 4th, 2009

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Eighteenth-century Epicureanism is often viewed as radical, anti-religious and politically dangerous. But to what extent does this simplify the ancient philosophy and underestimate its significance in Enlightenment writing?
Through a pan-European analysis of Enlightenment centres from Scotland to Russia via the Netherlands, France and Germany, contributors argue that elements of classical Epicureanism were appropriated by radical and conservative writers alike. They move beyond literature and political theory to examine the application of Epicurean ideas in domains as diverse as physics, natural law, and the philosophy of language, drawing on the work of both major figures (Diderot, Hélvetius, Smith and Hume) and of lesser-known but equally influential thinkers (Johann Jacob Schmauss and Dmitrii Anichkov). This unique collaboration, bringing together historians, philosophers, political scientists and literary scholars, provides rich and varied insights into the different strategic uses of Epicureanism in the eighteenth century.

'This excellent collection of essays revisits Epicureanism in its various associations with Enlightenment throughout Europe and as far as Russia.[…] part of the pleasure of the volume comes from the way it continually moves between examining local contexts and asking large questions.'
- French Review

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
Contents6
Acknowledgements8
NEVEN LEDDY and AVI S. LIFSCHITZ, Epicurus in the Enlightenment: an introduction10
ELODIE ARGAUD, Bayle’s defence of Epicurus: the use and abuse of Malebranche’s Méditations chrétiennes22
HANS W. BLOM, The Epicurean motif in Dutch notions of sociability in the seventeenth century40
THOMAS AHNERT, Epicureanism and the transformation of natural law in the early German Enlightenment62
CHARLES T. WOLFE, A happiness fit for organic bodies: La Mettrie’s medical Epicureanism78
NATANIA MEEKER, Sexing Epicurean materialism in Diderot94
PIERRE FORCE, Helvétius as an Epicurean political theorist114
ANDREW KAHN, Epicureanism in the Russian Enlightenment: Dmitrii Anichkov and atomic theory128
MATTHEW NIBLETT, Man, morals and matter: Epicurus andmaterialist thought in England from John Toland to Joseph Priestley146
JAMES A. HARRIS, The Epicurean in Hume170
NEVEN LEDDY, Adam Smith’s critique of Enlightenment Epicureanism192
AVI S. LIFSCHITZ, The Enlightenment revival of the Epicurean history of language and civilisation216
Summaries236
Bibliography242
Index262