Voltaire and the 1760s

BookVoltaire and the 1760s

Voltaire and the 1760s

Essays for John Renwick

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2008:10


October 15th, 2008

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The 1760s was a pivotal decade for the philosophes. In the late 1750s their cause had been at a low ebb, but it was transformed in the eyes of public opinion by such events as the Calas affair in the early 1760s. By the end of the decade, the philosophes were dominant in key literary institutions such as the Comédie-Française and the Académie française, and their enlightened programme became more widely accepted.
Many of the essays in this volume focus on Voltaire, revealing him as a writer of fiction and polemic who, during this period, became increasingly interested in questions of justice and jurisprudence. Other essays examine the literary activities of Voltaire’s contemporaries, including Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Chamfort, Rétif, Sedaine and Marmontel.
It is no exaggeration to describe the 1760s as Voltaire’s decade. It is he more than any other author who set the agenda and held the public’s attention during this seminal period for the development of Enlightenment ideas and values. Voltaire’s dominance of the 1760s can be summed up in a single phrase: it is in these years that he became the ‘patriarch of Ferney’.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
List of illustrations8
PETER FRANCE, John Renwick: a tribute12
Publicattions of John Renwick16
NICHOLAS CRONK, Voltaire and the 1760s: the rule of the patriarch20
I. Voltaire's contemporaries34
JEAN EHRARD, Tempête dans un goblet: esquisse de mémoire en défense de M. Ozy, apothicaire auvergnat du dix-huitième siècle36
DAVID ADMAS, Illustration and interpretation: the frontispiece to Marmontel's Bélisaire46
MICHAEL CARDY, Some references to English writers in Marmontel's poétique française (1763)58
KATHERINE ASTBURY, The succes of Marmontel's moral tales on the French stage 1760-177066
DAVID McCALLAM, Physiocrats and barbarians: moral economies in Chamfort's comedies76
JOHN DUNKLEY, Sedaine's Maillard: the gauntlet, the calque and the senseschal's revenge88
CECIL COURTNEY, Constant d'Hermenches: correspondent of Voltaire and Belle de Zuylen100
CHRISTOPHER TODD, Glimpses of France and the French (1760-1769) in three English provincial newspapers112
DAVID COWARD, 'Je deviens auteur': Rétif in the 1760s124
GRAHAM GARGETT, Caveirac, Protestants and the presence of Voltarean discourse in late-eighteenth-century France134
KATHARINE SWARBRICK, Voltaire, Rousseau and the uses of frivolity144
II. Voltaire154
JAMES HANRAHAN, Creating the 'cri public': Voltaire and public opinion in the early 1760s156
RUSSELL GOULBOURNE, Voltaire and the Calas affair in England170
CHRISTIANE MERVAUD, Voltaire et le Beccaria de Grenoble: Michel-Joseph-Antoine servan182
OLIVER FERRET, Les stratégies éditoriales des Mélanges voltaires194
NICHOLAS CRONK, Le Philosophe ignorant, volume de mélanges206
SIMON DAVIES, Le Pyrrhonisme de l'histoire, Voltaire's anthology of contes218
RICHARD FRIENDS, The Ingénu's children228
JONATHAN MALLINSON, Les Lettres d'Amabed: rewriting Graffigny's Lettres d'une Péruvienne?238
ADRIENNE MASON, Unheard voices: two English tranlations of Voltaire's L'Ingénu248
DAVID WILLIAMS, Voltaire and Thomas Otway262
HAYDN MASON, Voltaire, directeur de coniscience: his corresponence with Mme Du Deffand274
PETER FRANCE, Last words284