Rwanda Since 1994

BookRwanda Since 1994

Rwanda Since 1994

Stories of Change

Francophone Postcolonial Studies, 10


May 17th, 2019



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Over the past 25 years, Rwanda has undergone remarkable shifts and transitions: culturally, economically, and educationally the country has gone from strength to strength. While much scholarship has understandably been retrospective, seeking to understand, document and commemorate the Genocide against the Tutsi, this volume gathers diverse perspectives on the changing social and cultural fabric of Rwanda since 1994. Rwanda Since 1994 considers the context of these changes, particularly in relation to the ongoing importance of remembering and in wider developments in the Great Lakes and East Africa regions. Equally it explores what stories of change are emerging from Rwanda: creative writing and testimonies, as well as national, regional, and international political narratives. The contributors interrogate which frameworks and narratives might be most useful for understanding different kinds of change, what new directions are emerging, and how Rwanda’s trajectory is shaped by other global factors.
The international set of contributors includes creative writers, practitioners, activists, and scholars from African studies, history, anthropology, education, international relations, modern languages, law and politics. As well as delving into the shifting dynamics of religion and gender in Rwanda today, the book brings to light the experiences of lesser-discussed groups of people such as the Twa and the children of perpetrators.

Rwanda since 1994 supports the field of Rwanda Studies in reorienting itself from genocide history towards progress since the atrocities.’
Anna Katila, Wasafiri

Author Information

Hannah Grayson is a Lecturer in French and Francophone Studies at the University of Stirling. Nicki Hitchcott is Professor in French at the University of St Andrews.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Introduction: Rwanda since 19947
Rwanda Is NOT Hotel Rwanda!!!21
Part One: A Changing Nation25
‘Memory-Traces’ in the Work of Felwine Sarr and Bruce Clarke: What Stories of Change Can Commemorate the Genocide against the Tutsi?27
Human Rights Reporting on Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts: A Story of Stagnation and Failure47
Competing Narratives and Performances in Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts68
The Incorporation of Women in Rwandan Politics after 199489
Rebranding Rwanda’s Peacekeeping Identity during Post-Conflict Transition110
‘One Rwanda For All Rwandans’: (Un)covering the Batwa in Post-Genocide Rwanda131
Part Two: Changing People151
Writing as Reconciliation: Bearing Witness to Life after Genocide153
Decolonizing Trauma Therapy in Rwanda174
Promising Generations: From Intergenerational Guilt to Ndi Umunyarwanda195
Imbabazi, Kwicuza and Christian Testimonials of Forgiveness217
Stories as Change: Using Writing to Facilitate Healing among Genocide Survivors in Rwanda238
Notes on Contributors259