Ancient Monuments in the Countryside

BookAncient Monuments in the Countryside

Ancient Monuments in the Countryside

An archaeological management review

Archaeological Reports


February 15th, 2014

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Much of England's rich archaeological heritage lies in the countryside. Many monuments, such as barrows, hillforts, and Roman villas, are familiar features of the landscape, while other sites lie buried or only partly visible. These remains are the result of the impact on the landscape of the countless generations of people who have lived, worked and died within it. The cumulative effect is the landscape we know today, in which the historical dimension is an integral component of the valued whole and an important part of what most people in England are increasingly concerned to see protected and conserved. The archaeological heritage, however, is a finite and fragile resource, and much of it has been lost in the last two decades as a result of increasing pressures on farming, industry, and commerce to maximise the return on investment in the land. The conservation of what remains, therefore, needs to be given urgent consideration. This report has three main goals. First, it aims to present the background to the recognition, investigation, and management of the archaeological resource. Second, it attempts to review what is known of the resource, the threats currently posed to it, and the ways in which it can be exploited and conserved. Finally, it looks towards the development and promotion of a secure future for ancient monuments in the countryside.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Front cover1
Title page2
List of figures4
List of tables5
Chapter 1: Introduction7
Part I: Archaeology and management12
Chapter 2: Archaeological evidence12
Chapter 3: The development of the countryside19
Chapter 4: Archaeological resource management31
Chapter 5: The legislative background38
Part II: Archaeology in the countryside 1: Semi-natural landscapes46
Chapter 6: Wetland46
Chapter 7: Coastlands and estuaries57
Chapter 8: Rivers, lakes, and alluvium spreads70
Part III: Archaeology in the countryside 2: Man-made landscapes85
Chapter 9: Established grassland85
Chapter 10: Woodland98
Chapter 11: Lowland heath111
Chapter 12: Arable land123
Chapter 13: Parkland and ornamental gardens139
Chapter 14: Upland moor154
Part IV: Looking forward170
Chapter 15: Ancient monuments in the countryside today and tomorrow170
Appendix A: Names and addresses of archaeological organizations in England176
Appendix B: Ancient Monuments and related legislation179
Appendix C: Code of practice for mineral operators180
List of abbreviations used in the text185
Additional picture credits195