The Historic Landscape of the Quantock Hills

BookThe Historic Landscape of the Quantock Hills

The Historic Landscape of the Quantock Hills

English Heritage

2013

March 15th, 2013

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The Quantock Hills, famous for their associations with Coleridge and Wordsworth in the 19th century, have been the canvas on which are sketched the shadowy images of people who lived on the land from prehistoric times to the present. There are Bronze Age cairns and burial mounds, Iron Age hillforts, Roman settlements, medieval manors and post-medieval estates, right through to stark monuments of the Second World War and the Cold War.

This book presents and interprets the Quantocks landscape after a dedicated programme of archaeological fieldwork, air photograph transcription and architectural investigation by English Heritage. It describes the results in a readable book including full colour illustrations and line drawings throughout, plus a series of lively reconstruction paintings by the artist Jane Brayne.

The Quantock Hills, famous for their associations with Coleridge and Wordsworth in the 19th century, have been the canvas on which are sketched the shadowy images of people who lived on the land from prehistoric times to the present. There are Bronze Age cairns and burial mounds, Iron Age hillforts, Roman settlements, medieval manors and post-medieval estates, right through to stark monuments of the Second World War and the Cold War. This book presents and interprets the Quantocks landscape after a dedicated programme of archaeological fieldwork, air photograph transcription and architectural investigation by English Heritage. It describes the results in a readable book including full colour illustrations and line drawings throughout, plus a series of lively reconstruction paintings by the artist Jane Brayne.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half-Title Page2
Title Page3
Copyright Page186
Contents4
Illustrations5
Foreword6
Acknowledgements7
Summary8
Résumé9
Zusammenfassung10
Introduction11
1. A special place? The landscape of the Quantock Hills12
Cheerful beauty: the natural landscape12
The man-made landscape17
The English Heritage archaeological survey of the Quantock Hills AONB25
2. A ritual landscape? The early prehistory of the Quantock Hills26
Handaxes and early humans in the Lower Palaeolithic Period26
The ice was all around: climate change and the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic periods26
Hunters in the forest: the Mesolithic Period29
Landscapes of death and life in the Neolithic period30
The Bronze Age: funerary and mundane landscapes39
The funerary landscape: Bronze Age burial monuments41
The mundane landscape: Bronze Age settlement54
3. A defended landscape? The Quantock Hills in Iron Age and Roman Times62
Beyond the pale of civilisation: the Iron Age62
Business as usual? The Roman occupation83
4. A managed landscape? The Quantock Hills in the medieval period88
The migration and early medieval periods: Britons and Anglo-Saxons88
The later medieval period: lords of the manor96
5. A Romantic landscape? The Quantock Hills in the post-medieval period126
A changing landscape: enclosure, improvement and industry126
Gardens bright with sinuous rills: designed landscapes on the Quantock Hills126
A working landscape: farms, farming and industry in the Quantock Hills138
6. A remembered landscape? The Quantock Hills in the 20th century163
A rural idyll? The Quantock Hills in the early 20th century163
The Second World War and the Cold War: the Quantock Hills in the later 20th century164
A changing landscape? The historic landscape of the Quantock Hills in the 21st century170
Appendix 1: Site gazetteer173
Appendix 2: English Heritage Quantock project survey reports174
References175
Index179