A Neolithic and Bronze Age Landscape in Northamptonshire: Volume 2

BookA Neolithic and Bronze Age Landscape in Northamptonshire: Volume 2

A Neolithic and Bronze Age Landscape in Northamptonshire: Volume 2

The Raunds Area Project

English Heritage

2013

January 15th, 2013

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The Raunds Area Project investigated more than 20 Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in the Nene Valley. This volume, on DVD, is the detailed monument and landscape analysis, environmental specialist reports, and finds reports catalogues (includes tables of data and interpretations and finds drawings).

The Raunds Area Project investigated more than 20 Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in the Nene Valley. From c 5000 BC to the early 1st millennium cal BC a succession of ritual mounds and burial mounds were built as settlement along the valley sides increased and woodland was cleared. Starting as a regular stopping-place for flint knapping and domestic tasks, first the Long Mound, and then Long Barrow, the north part of the Turf Mound and the Avenue were built in the 5th millennium BC. With the addition of the Long Enclosure, the Causewayed Ring Ditch, and the Southern Enclosure, there was a chain of five or six diverse monuments stretched along the river bank by c 3000 cal BC. Later, a timber platform, the Riverside Structure, was built and the focus of ceremonial activity shifted to the Cotton ‘Henge’, two concentric ditches on the occupied valley side. From c 2200 cal BC monument building accelerated and included the Segmented Ditch Circle and at least 20 round barrows, almost all containing burials, at first inhumations, then cremations down to c 1000 cal BC, by which time two overlapping systems of paddocks and droveways had been laid out. Finally, the terrace began to be settled when these had gone out of use, in the early 1st millennium cal BC. This second volume of the Raunds Area Project comprises the detailed reports on the environmental archaeology, artefact studies, geophysics and chronology.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Front cover1
Prelims2
Half title2
Frontispiece3
Title page4
Contents5
Illustrations8
Tables15
List of contributors19
Preface21
Acknowledgements22
Summary24
Résumé25
Zusammernfassung26
Irthlingborough Island site atlas27
Fig SS1.127
Fig SS1.228
Fig SS1.329
Fig SS1.430
Fig SS1.531
A note on radiocarbon dates32
SS1 Structural evidence33
SS1.1 The Long Mound33
SS1.2 The Avenue69
SS1.3 The Turf Mound76
SS1.4 The Long Barrow97
SS1.5 The Long Enclosure128
SS1.6 The Causewayed Ring Ditch137
SS1.7 The Southern Enclosure145
SS1.8 The Riverside Structure157
SS1.9 The Ditched Enclosure171
SS1.10 The Cotton 'Henge'176
SS1.11 The Segmented Ditch Circle182
SS1.12 Barrow 1190
SS1.13 Barrow 2216
SS1.14 Barrow 3216
SS1.15 Barrow 4241
SS1.16 Barrow 5247
SS1.17 Barrow 6262
SS1.18 Barrow 7301
SS1.19 Barrow 8307
SS1.20 Barrow 9308
SS1.21 The Double Ring Ditch317
SS1.22 Minor and non-structural prehistoric features321
SS1.23 Field systems and related structures331
SS2 Viewshed analysis362
SS3 Artefacts413
SS3.1 Introduction413
SS3.2 Artefact conservation413
SS3.3 Metalwork415
SS3.4 Jet, shale and amber423
SS3.5 Worked bone and antler433
SS3.6 Woodworking at the Long Barrow437
SS3.7 Lithics445
SS3.8 Pottery559
SS4 Environmental Evidence634
SS4.1 Introduction634
SS4.2 Palynological analysis of organic sediments635
SS4.3 Waterlogged plant and insect remains643
SS4.4 Molluscs680
SS4.5 Charred plant remains and charcoal683
SS4.6 Animal bone699
SS4.7 Human Remains734
SS4.8 Soils and sediments769
SS5 The Neolithic and early Bronze Age archaeology of the Raunds area investigated by geophysical survey871
SS5.1 Introduction871
SS5.2 Methods873
SS5.3 Results876
SS5.4 Some overall conclusions897
SS6 Absolute Chronology898
SS6.1 Introduction898
SS6.2 Radiocarbon analysis and quality assurance898
SS6.3 Results899
SS6.4 Calibration899
SS6.5 Analysis899
SS6.6 Interpretation900
SS6.7 Overview917
SS7 Appendices919
SS8 The archive920
Endmatter930
References930
Fold-out illustrations961
Fig SS1.9961
Fig SS1.13962
Fig SS1.82963
Fig SS1.113964
Fig SS1.114965
Fig SS1.115966
Fig SS1.116967
Fig SS1.135968
Fig SS1.138969
Fig SS1.145970
Fig SS1.146971
Fig SS1.162972
Fig SS1.164973
Fig SS1.203974
Fig SS1.205975
Imprint976