Political Academy in Paris, 1724 - 1731

BookPolitical Academy in Paris, 1724 - 1731

Political Academy in Paris, 1724 - 1731

The Entresol and Its Members

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2000:10


October 1st, 2000

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The Entresol has been described as the most significant intellectual organisation in France in the first half of the eighteenth century. Its meetings in the 1720s were attented by some of the most important political thinkers in the country, among them Montesquieu, the marquis d’Argenson, the abbé de Saint-Pierre and the exiled lord Bolingbroke.
The Entresol was a meeting of minds between older men who wished to keep in touch with current events, and younger men on their way up, who were eager to prove their suitability for high office in the French governing élite. Members came to meetings because they enjoyed talking about politics, especially foreign affais, and while the Entresol remained in favour, to be a member was a recommendation to those in government.
In this book, the first to be published on the Entresol, Nick Childs examines the political thought and social background of the academy’s members, and the reason why their meetings were eventually banned.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
I. The Membership and Meetings of the Entresol14
1. Introducing the Entresol16
2. Sword or Robe?29
3. Sword37
4. Robe66
5. The Entresol Meets100
6. The Entresol Under the due de Bourbon, 1724-1726110
7. The Entresol in Favour, 1726-1730119
8. The Entresol Banned, 1731138
II. The Political Thought of the Entresol150
9. Changing views of Government152
10. Reacting Against Louis XIV159
11. Governments Abroad and Governments in Decay173
12. Monarchy188
13. Local Democracy in an Absolute Monarchy: D'argenson's Considérations198
14. Montesquieu and the Entresol204
Appendix I212
Appendix II: Family Origins234
List of Works Cited280