Historical culture and political reform in the Italian Enlightenment

BookHistorical culture and political reform in the Italian Enlightenment

Historical culture and political reform in the Italian Enlightenment

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2020:09


September 14th, 2020

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For centuries the society and politics of Old Regime Europe relied on the strong connection between past, present, and future and on a belief in the unstoppable continuity of time. What happened during the eighteenth century when the Age of Revolutions claimed to cancel the previous social order and announced the dawn of a new era? This book explores how antiquarianism provided new political bodies with allegedly time-hallowed traditions and so served as a source of legitimacy for reshaping European politics. The love for antiquities forged a common language of political communication within a burgeoning public sphere.

To understand why this happened, Marco Cavarzere focuses on the cultural debates taking place in the Italian states from 1748 until 1796. During this period, governments tried to establish regional “national cultures” through erudite scholarship, with the intent of creating new administrative and political centralization within individual Italian states. Meanwhile, other sectors of local societies used the tools of antiquarianism in order to offer a counter-narrative on these political reforms.

Ultimately, this book proposes a localized way of reading antiquarian texts. Far from presenting timeless knowledge, erudition in fact gave voice to specific tensions which were linked to restricted political arenas and regional public opinion.


Author Information

Marco Cavarzere, PhD in history at the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, teaches early modern history at the Goethe-University of Frankfurt am Main.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
List of figures9
I. Background27
1. A country under construction29
Pushing Italy (and the world) aside36
Nations and patrie42
Languages of Italy52
2. The importance of being erudite65
The Muratorian moment67
Antiquarianism and political identities78
Erudition and society88
3. Institutional settings103
Public policies of communication107
Aristocratic circles124
Communication short circuits139
II. Difficult transitions145
4. Naturalizing sovereignty: law and history149
“The national king”152
Conflicting kings157
National laws164
A century without Rome186
5. The land of Italian nations: space and history201
Geography and politics204
Chorographic debates209
Antiquarian cartographies221
Ritual geographies231
6. Historical representation: collective memory and history243
Hard times for state historiography245
New media: heroic genealogies256
National history on stage273
Conclusion: an unfinished transition293