Linnaeus, natural history and the circulation of knowledge

BookLinnaeus, natural history and the circulation of knowledge

Linnaeus, natural history and the circulation of knowledge

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2018:01

2018

January 31st, 2018

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The name of Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) is inscribed in almost every flora and fauna published from the mid-eighteenth century onwards; in this respect he is virtually immortal. In this book a group of specialists argue for the need to re-centre Linnaean science and de-centre Linnaeus the man by exploring the ideas, practices and people connected to his taxonomic innovations.
Contributors examine the various techniques, materials and methods that originated within the ‘Linnaean workshop’: paper technologies, publication strategies, and markets for specimens. Fresh analyses of the reception of Linnaeus’s work in Paris, Königsberg, Edinburgh and beyond offer a window on the local contexts of knowledge transfer, including new perspectives on the history of anthropology and stadial theory. The global implications and negotiated nature of these intellectual, social and material developments are further investigated in chapters tracing the experiences and encounters of Linnaean travellers in Africa, Latin America and South Asia.
Through focusing on the circulation of Linnaean knowledge and placing it within the context of eighteenth-century globalization, authors provide innovative and important contributions to our understanding of the early modern history of science.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover 1
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
Contents8
List of illustrations and tables10
Preface12
Notes on naming conventions14
List of abbreviations16
Introduction: de-centring and re-centring Linnaeus18
1. Notebooks, files and slips: Carl Linnaeus and his disciples at work42
2. What is a botanical author? Pehr Osbeck’s travelogue and the culture of collaborative publishing in Linnaean botany74
3. The price of Linnaean natural history: materiality, commerce and change98
4. In the name of Linnaeus: Paris as a disputed capital of natural knowledge (1730-1789)130
5. On the use and abuse of natural history: Linnaean science in Kant’s Ko¨ nigsberg154
6. The Edinburgh connection: Linnaean natural history, Scottish moral philosophy and the colonial implications of Enlightenment thought178
7. Negotiating people, plants and empires: the fieldwork of Johann Gerhard Ko¨ nig in South and South East Asia (1768-1785)204
8. Lives of useful curiosity: the global legacy of Pehr Lo¨ fling in the long eighteenth century228
Summaries252
Bibliography of works cited256
Index286