Night in French libertine fiction

BookNight in French libertine fiction

Night in French libertine fiction

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 2018:06


June 30th, 2018

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In the age of Enlightenment the concept of night evolved from being a time of dread to a time for pleasure. Between the start of the Régence (1715-1723) and the French Revolution the nocturnal and the erotic became intrinsically connected: shadows and darkness were reconfigured as the object of the philosophes’ fascination, while night was increasingly experienced as the realm of the self. Nowhere is this paradigmatic shift better recorded than in French libertine literature of the long eighteenth century.
Marine Ganofsky delves into the night scenes of libertine fiction to analyse how the idea of night was reimagined and represented by writers ranging from Crébillon to Sade. Her original analysis of erotic encounters in pornographic novels, gallant stories and sensual fairy tales reveals how they capture the period’s emancipation from superstitions and traditions. The nocturnal settings of these libertine narratives were the primary means of staging men and women’s hitherto hidden sexual encounters and innermost fantasies, and ultimately illustrate the conquest of night-time terrors in favour of social encounters and amorous intimacy.
Libertine nocturnal scenes reflect above all the Enlightenment’s re-invention of shadows less as an obstacle than an incentive to discover the mysteries they harbour. Through her innovative research Marine Ganofsky presents the erotic nights of libertine fiction as a sign that the siècle des Lumières, free to enjoy the charms to be found in, or under, the cover of darkness, was also the siècle de la nuit.

'With an engaging narrative arc, Night in French Libertine Fiction shows how the playful dichotomy between celebrating the limits imposed by the night and using the night to transgress social or moral limits (as detailed in chapters two through six) is destroyed by the Sadean extension of the logic of libertinism.'
Craig Koslofsky, H-France

Author Information

Marine Ganofsky est maître de conférences en littérature française à l’Université de St Andrews. Ses recherches portent sur le dix-huitième siècle et sa quête de bonheur qu’elle étudie depuis la perspective de la littérature, de l’esthétique, de la philosophie et de l’histoire socio-culturelle. Son premier livre explore le sujet des nuits libertines et elle travaille actuellement sur le concept d’illusion au siècle des Lumières. Marine Ganofsky is a lecturer in French literature at the University of St Andrews. Her research focuses on the eighteenth century and its quest for happiness. She approaches the topic through the lens of literature, aesthetics, philosophy and socio-cultural history. Her first book looked at libertine nights and she is now working on the concept of illusion in the Age of Enlightenment.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
i. Libertine fiction: a nocturnal genre?13
ii. Libertine nocturnes16
iii. The ‘Nocturnal Order’ of libertine nights20
iv. The eroticisation of the nocturnal22
v. The nocturnalisation of eroticism25
vi. Chapter outline27
1. Enlightening the night: a cultural and historical perspective on eighteenth-century nights30
i. Intellectual enlightenment31
ii. Material enlightenment41
2. The nocturnal aesthetics of libertine fiction52
i. Libertine writing, pornography and obscurity52
ii. The embellishing obscurity of Crébillon’s oriental tales58
iii. The eroticism of demi-jours in Le Souper des petits-maîtres and Les Soupers de Daphné67
iv. Voluptuous shadows in Thémidore73
v. Félicia and sublime obscurity82
3. Night as a hiding space92
i. Night as a private space within communal living in Le Portier des chartreux and Me´moires de Suzon95
ii. Night as an indulgent architectural space in La Petite Maison103
iii. Night as an intimate body part in La Nuit merveilleuse112
4. Nocturnal illusions: dreams of sylph-like lovers120
i. The dream: the sleep of reason produces sylphs in Le Sylphe125
ii. The mistake: the genie Makis, or the mistaken lover in Angola134
iii. The lie: Clitandre, or a sylph of no consequence in La Nuit et le moment140
iv. The illusion: Mirbelle, or the fleshless sylph in Les Malheurs de l’inconstance148
5. Nocturnal revelations158
i. Damon’s Nyctelian initiation in Point de lendemain163
ii. Laure’s nocturnal education in Le Rideau levé174
iii. Cécile’s nightly enlightenment in Les Liaisons dangereuses185
6. Queens of the night: women and their nocturnal mystery in Les Liaisons dangereuses196
i. The marquise de Merteuil’s nights, or the masquerade of femininity199
ii. The présidente de Tourvel’s shadow, or the female mystery217
7. The end of libertine nights: Les Cent Vingt Journées de Sodome238
i. Sade’s Gothic and sublime nocturnes: within the dark night of the soul240
ii. The Sadean nocturnal fortress245
iii. Sade versus the libertine clair-obscur254
Epilogue: beyond libertine nights – mornings and morrows262
i. Mornings263
ii. Morrows268
i. Texts written before 1800272
ii. Texts written after 1800277