European Roma

BookEuropean Roma

European Roma

Lives beyond Stereotypes

2022

March 1st, 2022

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This book, designed as a resource for scholars, educators, activists and non-specialist readers, presents the results of new research on the role of Romani groups in European culture and society since the nineteenth century. Its specific focus is on the ways in which Romani actors, in their interactions with non-Romanies, have contributed to shaping Europe’s public spaces. Twelve chapters recount the experiences and accomplishments of individuals and families, from across Europe (England, France, Spain, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Romania and Finland) and Canada. All based on new research, and maintaining a focus on the real lives and activities of Romani people rather than on the perspective of the majority societies, these studies exemplify the creative presence of Romani people in the fields of politics, economics and culture. We see them as writers, artists and performers, political activists and resistance fighters, traders and entrepreneurs, circus and cinema managers and purveyors of popular science. Sensitive to the ambivalent position from which Roma act, the cases are linked and contextualized by a general introduction and by section introductions written by leading scholars of Romani studies with expertise in history, ethnography, musicology, literary and discourse studies and visual culture. The volume is richly illustrated, including many images that have never been published before, and includes an extensive bibliography / guide to further reading. Contributors to the volume: Begoña Barrera, Beatriz Carrillo de los Reyes, Malte Gasche, Paweł Lechowski, Anna G. Piotrowska, Laurence Prempain, Juan Pro, Eve Rosenhaft, Carolina García Sanz, María Sierra, and Tamara West.

'This is an outstanding collection of studies which demonstrate that European Romani groups historically made significant contributions to our common past as artists and activists, traders and musicians, mobile entertainers in circuses or pioneers of travelling cinema. Without hiding the effects of stigma these people suffer or downplaying the tragic consequences of the genocidal regimes of the twentieth century, the authors show that Roma were far from being passive victims of the societies they are part of; they pursue and succeed to realize their own ambitions. Some of the fine biographies in this volume remind us that even from a disadvantaged social position Roma acted also as cultural agents for the broader society co-producing European history.'
László Fosztó, ISPMN, Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities

Author Information

Eve Rosenhaft is Professor of German Historical Studies, University of Liverpool. María Sierra is Professor of Contemporary History, University of Seville.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Contents5
Acknowledgements8
List of Illustrations9
Contributors13
General Introduction (Eve Rosenhaft and María Sierra)19
Part One: Politics31
Introduction The Spaces of Politics: Roma Experiences of Citizenship (María Sierra)32
1. Helios Gómez: To be Roma in the Revolution (Juan Pro)45
2. The Long Road in Search of a Tzigane Language: Sandra Jayat (Begoña Barrera)71
3. Ronald Lee: Discovering Romanestan between Canada and Europe (Carolina García Sanz)89
Part Two: Economic Life111
Introduction Travelling and Trading: Romani Horse Dealers in the Making of Europe’s Economic Multiculture (Eve Rosenhaft and Tamara West)112
4. Intersecting Lives: The Brough Hill Fair as Biography-in-Pieces (Tamara West)125
5. “Invaders”: Mobility and Economy in the Lives of the Laubinger Family (Eve Rosenhaft and Tamara West)145
6. The Florians, the Habedanks and the Horse Fair at Wehlau (Eve Rosenhaft)167
Part Three: Music185
Introduction The Space for/of Romani Music (Anna G. Piotrowska)186
7. Romani Virtuosi: A Multifaceted Portrait (Anna G. Piotrowska)197
8. From the History of the Lăutari in Romania (Anna G. Piotrowska)215
9. The Story of Corroro, a Musical Genius from Kraków (Anna G. Piotrowska in collaboration with Paweł Lechowski)233
Part Four: Circus People and Showmen253
Introduction Romani Groups in the Public Space of the Circus and Other Showgrounds (Malte Gasche)254
10. Travelling Cinema: When Roma Put the World within One’s Grasp (Laurence Prempain)267
11. From Where They Were: Resistance by Romani Circus People during the Second World War (Laurence Prempain)287
12. Cowboys and Indians: Wild West Shows as Portals to Exotic Otherness and the Big, Wide World (Malte Gasche)307
Afterword (Beatriz Carrillo de los Reyes)327
Select Bibliography331
Index339