Greek Orators VII

BookGreek Orators VII

Greek Orators VII

Demosthenes 8: On the Chersonese

Aris & Phillips Classical Texts

2021

June 8th, 2021

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Demosthenes’ oration On the Chersonese is a masterpiece of rhetorical brilliance and contains some of the best examples of his skill as a political orator, coming as one of his final surviving speeches in the corpus. It was delivered to the Athenians in 341 BC, at a time of turbulent events when Athens was coming under increasing pressure resulting from the actions of Philip of Macedon. The Chersonese was a region of great importance for Athens. At the time of the speech, Philip was in the middle of an extensive military and diplomatic campaign in Thrace that would threaten the security of the Athenian grain trade from the Black Sea. The resulting pressure in the Chersonese, however, was seen by Demosthenes as an attempt by Philip to weaken Athens as a prelude to taking the whole of Greece. In this context he argued in the speech that the general Diopeithes, who had been sent out to the Chersonese in 346 with a naval force, be supported in the face of protest from Philip regarding Diopeithes’ actions in the wider area. He focuses on Athenian relations with Philip in this crucial northern region and why Philip was a threat to Athenian interests in the area. This edition with Greek text, translation and commentary contains the first detailed commentary on this speech. The introduction explains the historical background in some detail, as well as examining Demosthenes’ deliberative oratory, the structure and style of the speech, and relationship to the speeches that followed, including the famous Third Philippic. The commentary focuses on all political, military, social and religious references presented by Demosthenes, as well as oratorical aspects.

Author Information

Stephen Clarke is an experienced history teacher and lecturer; he has taught History and Languages in schools, History Method at the University of Western Sydney and taught Ancient History at The University of Sydney.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
CONTENTS6
PREFACE8
ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE EDITION10
INTRODUCTION12
Historical Background12
Context of Demosthenes 8, On the Chersonese17
Demosthenes’ Life and Career25
Demosthenes’ Style37
The Structure of On the Chersonese44
The Relationship Between On the Chersonese (Or. 8) and the‘Fourth Philippic’ (Or. 10) and the Dating of On the Chersonese56
Scholarship on the Text61
Notes on the Manuscripts, Papyri and Scholia64
DEMOSTHENES 8:ON THE CHERSONESE68
COMMENTARY102
APPENDIX 1: THE USE OF RINGS TOSTRUCTURE DEMOSTHENES’S SPEECHES190
APPENDIX 2: OUTLINE OF PRIMARYRING STRUCTURES IN DEMOSTHENIC DELIBERATIVE ORATORY197
APPENDIX 3: ATHENS AND THE NORTHAEGEAN DOWN TO THE END OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR201
BIBLIOGRAPHY204
INDEX222