Civilians and War in Europe 1618–1815

BookCivilians and War in Europe 1618–1815

Civilians and War in Europe 1618–1815

Eighteenth-Century Worlds, 1

2012

March 12th, 2012

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Civilians and War in Europe 1618–1815 examines the relationship between civilians and warfare from the start of the Thirty Years War to the end of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The volume interrogates received narratives of warfare that identify the development of modern 'total' war with the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and instead considers the continuities and transformations in warfare over the course of two hundred years. The contributors examine prisoners of war, the cultures of plunder, the tensions of billeting, and war-time atrocities throughout England, France, Spain, and the German territories. They also explore the legal practices surrounding the conduct and aftermath of war; representations of civilians, soldiers, and militias; and the philosophical underpinnings of warfare. They probe what it meant to be a civilian in territories beset by invasion and civil war or in times when ‘peace’ at home was accompanied by almost continuous military engagement abroad. Their accounts show us civilians not only as anguished sufferers, but also directly involved with war: fighting back with shocking violence, profiting from war-time needs, and negotiating for material and social redress. And they show us individuals and societies coming to terms with the moral and political challenges posed by the business of drawing lines between ‘civilians’ and ‘soldiers’. With contributors drawn from the fields of political and legal theory, literature and the visual arts, and military, political, social, and cultural history, this volume will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of warfare and the evolution of the idea of the civilian.

This volume builds on recent studies of warfare that include social and cultural contexts ('new military history'). At the same time, the volume challenges traditional narratives of warfare that identify the development of modern 'total' war with the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Instead of focusing on only the early modern period (seventeenth and eighteenth centuries) or the Revolutionary period (the later eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries), this volume examines the continuities and transformations in warfare over the course of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and early nineteenth centuries, reconsidering the nature of European warfare across two hundred years by stepping back from established categories and narratives.

A superior example of an edited collection, containing essays of real importance and quality, and arranged in an illuminating way.
Hamish Scott, University of Glasgow

An innovative and coherent collection of a consistently very high standard.
Tim Blanning

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About The Author

Erica Charters is a University Lecturer in the History of Medicine, University of Oxford. Eve Rosenhaft is Professor of German Historical Studies, University of Liverpool. Hannah Smith is Tutorial Fellow and University Lecturer in History, St. Hilda’s College, University of Oxford.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Half-title2
Title page4
Copyright page5
Contents6
List of Contributors8
Acknowledgements11
List of Illustrations13
List of Abbreviations15
Chapter 118
Part I36
Chapter 238
Chapter 353
Chapter 469
Chapter 585
Part II102
Chapter 6104
Chapter 7117
Chapter 8135
Chapter 9146
Part III162
Chapter 10164
Chapter 11174
Chapter 12199
Part IV216
Chapter 13218
Chapter 14226
Chapter 15242
Chapter 16258
Bibliography279
Index308