Voltaire and Protestantism

BookVoltaire and Protestantism

Voltaire and Protestantism

Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment, 188


January 1st, 1980

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Half Title2
Title Page4
Copyright Page5
Table of Contents8
Prefatory note12
Table of abbreviations13
1 Introduction14
2 Voltaire and the Reformation22
i. The background to the Reformation24
ii. Luther’s reform28
iii. The Reformation spreads36
iv. Voltaire’s attitude to the Reformation45
3 Voltaire, the Reformers, their doctrines, and the ethos of Protestantism50
i. Luther51
ii. Zwingli and the minor Reformers55
iii. Calvin58
iv. Protestant morality67
v. Protestant theology75
vi. The benefits of Erastianism92
4 Protestantism in Holland98
i. The enigma of Dutch toleration100
ii. The Dutch character106
5 Voltaire and Switzerland112
i. The first months: uneasy peace119
ii. Lausanne124
iii. The first shots against Calvinism: Tame atroce’129
iv. The ‘sociniens honteux’136
v. The Saurin affair157
vi. Ferney - splendid isolation166
vii. Jacob Vernet (1698-1789)174
viii. Jacob Vernes (1728-1791)178
ix. Elie Bertrand (1713-1797)185
x. Allamand (1709-1784)190
xi. Paul Moultou (1731-1787)199
xii. Geneva and Voltaire: the social and political element206
xiii. Antoine225
xiv. The Questions sur les miracles227
xv. Conclusion229
6 Protestantism in France: a civil disaster234
i. The French Reformation and the civil wars234
ii. The repeal of the Edict of Nantes and the Camisard uprising241
7 Voltaire and the églises du désert: contemporary French Protestantism and the struggle for toleration251
i. Before 1754252
ii. 1754 - 1762275
iii. The Rochette case284
iv. The Calas case: Voltaire’s attitude crystallises286
v. The consequences of the Calas case: initial optimism291
vi. Fluctuating hopes and fortunes: 1764-1766302
vii. Voltaire and Protestant assemblies314
viii. Voltaire, Gilbert de Voisins’s Mémoires, and Id Ingénu334
ix. The last years353
x. Voltaire’s influence on the Protestant clergy376
xi. Voltaire and Gal-Pomaret385
xii. The Huguenots’ ridiculous characteristics395
8 Protestantism in England: an enviable compromise400
i. The development of toleration in England400
ii. Quakers: the perfect pacifists412
iii. Voltaire and the English Protestant influence425
1. Newton and Locke426
2. Samuel Clarke428
3. Some other English Protestants435
iv. Anglicanism: an example for the French437
9 Conclusion454
i. Voltaire’s God: a reassessment454
ii. Voltaire and Protestantism: a temporary alliance472
Appendix 1 The Saurin affair and the Colloques of Lausanne, Vevey and Aigle482
Appendix 2 References to the Calas and Sirven affairs in Voltaire’s correspondence486
Appendix 3 Protestant reaction to the Traité sur la tolérance and the identity of the pastors consulted during its preparation491
Appendix 4 Le Siècle de Louis X IV : additions to and alterations of chapter 26 (‘Du Calvinisme au temps de Louis xiv’)493
Appendix 5 A possible source for the Anglican clergyman Freind497
List of works cited and consulted500