Commemorating Race and Empire in the First World War Centenary

BookCommemorating Race and Empire in the First World War Centenary

Commemorating Race and Empire in the First World War Centenary

Provence University Press

2018

September 27th, 2018

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First World War commemoration in Europe has been framed as a moment of national trial and as a collective European tragedy. But the ‘Great War for Civilisation’ was more than just a European conflict. It was in fact a global war, a clash of empires that began a process of nationalist agitation against imperial polities and the racisms that underpinned them in Asia, Africa and beyond. Despite the global context of Centenary commemorative activity these events remain framed by national and state imaginaries and ones in which the ideas about nation, race and imperialism that animated and dominated men and women during the Great War sit uncomfortably with modern sensibilities. By drawing on original archival research, translations from French and Mandarin into English and by employing multidisciplinary conceptual frames of analysis this exciting and innovative volume explores how race and empire, and racism and imperialism, were commemorated or forgotten during the First World War Centenary.

Dr Ben Wellings is Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. Dr Shanti Sumartojo is Vice Chancellor’s Research Fellow at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia. Together they are co-editors of Nation, Memory and Great War Commemoration: Mobilizing the Past in Europe, Australia and New Zealand (Bern: Peter Lang, 2014).

About The Author

Ben Wellings is Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia. He is the author of English Nationalism and Euroscepticism: losing the peace (Bern: Peter Lang, 2012). Along with Shanti Sumartojo he is co-editor of Nation, Memory and Great War Commemoration: mobilizing the past in Europe, Australia and New Zealand (Bern: Peter Lang, 2014). Shanti Sumartojo is a Vice Chancellor’s Research Fellow in the Digital Ethnography Research Centre in the School of Media and Communication at RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia. She is author of Trafalgar Square and the Narration of Britishness, 1900-2012 (2013), and co-editor of Nation, Memory, and Great War Commemoration (2014) and Refiguring Techniques in Digital-Visual Research (2017).

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Section TitlePagePrice
Cover1
Table of Contents5
Commemorating Race and Empire in the First World War Centenary7
Rediscovering and Rehabilitating Empire, 2014–201821
From 'Coolie' to Transnational Agent: the 'Afterlives' of World War One Chinese Workers23
Marigolds and Poppies: Commemorating 'Indian' War Dead39
Situating the Belgian Congo in Belgium's First World War Centenary51
Maori and Great War Commemoration in New Zealand: Biculturalism and the Politics of Forging National Memory63
Representing Race and Empire, 1900–192077
Resénégalisation and the Representation of Black African Troops during World War One79
'A Strange, New Race': Eugenics and the Australian Soldier in the First World War93
The First Circle of Memory: First World War Postcards of British Imperial Troops in Marseilles107
Aesthetic Form and Political Function: Representations of French Algerian and British Indian Troops in First World War Recruiting Posters131
Memorialising Race and Empire in Settler Societies, 1919–2018149
A Tale of Two Monuments: The War Memorials of Oran and Algiers and Commemorative Culture in Colonial and Post-Colonial Algeria151
Anzac, Race and Empire: Memorialising Soldiers and Warriors in Australia169
Contributor Biographies187
Index terms191