Skip to main content
Skip main navigationClose Drawer MenuOpen Drawer Menu

Abstract

This article examines the discursive construction and application of concepts of sustainable communities in relation to planning for housing in rural England, highlighting the role of the Campaign for the Protection of Rural England (CPRE) and the (now abolished) regional planning bodies. The paper draws on Lukes' 'third dimension' of power (language use) and Bourdieu's concept of 'symbolic violence'. It suggests that an 'unholy alliance' of rural elites and urban interests have wielded discursive power to define 'sustainability' on their own terms, which exacerbates the unaffordability of rural housing, leading to social injustice and spatial exclusion.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this article.

References

ADAMS, D., WATKINS, C. and rics research foundation (2002), Greenfields, Brownfields and housing Development, Oxford, Blackwell Science.
ALNWICK DISTRICT COUNCIL (2007), Core strategy responses ordered by chapter, http://www.alnwick.gov.uk/supporting/released/2007-4/8383/chapters1.pdf
ARHC (AFFORDABLE RURAL HOUSING COMMISSION) (2006), Final Report, London, Affordable Rural Housing Commission & Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
BARKER, K. (2004), Delivering Stability: Securing our Future Housing Needs, London, HMSO.Delivering Stability: Securing our Future Housing Needs
BARKER, K. (2006), Barker Review of Land Use Planning: Final Report – Recommendations, London, HMSO.
BENN, H. (2009), 'Why the rural economy matters' (speech at the Commission for Rural Communities summit on 'Releasing the innovative potential of rural economies'), 5 February 2009.
BEST, R. and SHUCKSMITH, M. (2006), Homes for Rural Communities: Report of the Joseph Rowntree Foundation Rural Housing Policy Forum, York, JRF.
BOURDIEU, P. (1973), 'Cultural reproduction and social reproduction', in R. Brown (ed.), Knowledge, Education and Social Change, London, Tavistock.Cultural reproduction and social reproduction. Knowledge, Education and Social Change
BOURDIEU, P. (1977), Outline of a Theory of Practice, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Outline of a Theory of Practice
BOURDIEU, P. (1992), 'Thinking about limits', Theory, Culture and Society, 9, 37–49.Thinking about limits. Theory, Culture and Society 9:37-49
BOURDIEU, P. (2001 [1998]), Masculine Domination, Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press.
BOURDIEU, P. (2005), The Social Structure of the Economy, Cambridge, Polity Press.The Social Structure of the Economy
BRAMLEY, G., MUNRO, M. and PAWSON, H. (2004), Key Issues in Housing: Policies and Markets in 21st Century Britain, London, Macmillan.Key Issues in Housing: Policies and Markets in 21st Century Britain
BRAMLEY, G. and WATKINS, D. (2009), 'Affordability and supply: the rural dimension', Planning, Practice & Research, 24, 185–210.Affordability and supply: the rural dimension. Planning, Practice & Research 24:185-210
CPRE (COUNCIL FOR THE PROTECTION OF RURAL ENGLAND) (2010), Housing Supply – What is the problem? http://www.cpre.org.uk/campaigns/housing-and-urban-policy/housing-supply/housing-supply-what-is-the-problem
CRC (COMMISSION FOR RURAL COMMUNITIES) (2007a), Assessing the Rural Content of Regional Housing and Spatial Strategies, Cheltenham, Commission for Rural Communities.
CRC (2007b), The State of the Countryside 2007, Cheltenham, Commission for Rural Communities.
CRC (2008), The State of the Countryside 2008, Cheltenham, Commission for Rural Communities.
DCLG (DEPARTMENT FOR COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2006), Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing, London, Stationery Office.
DCLG (2009), Planning Policy Statement 4: Planning for Sustainable Economic Growth, London, The Stationery Office, for the Department for Communities and Local Government.
DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2006), Rural Definition and Local Authority Classification, http://www.defra.gov.uk/rural/ruralstats/rural-definition.htm
DEFRA (2007), 'Public attitudes and behaviours toward the environment', http://www.defra.gov.uk/evidence/index.htm
DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (2000), Planning Policy Guidance Note 3: Housing, London, Stationery Office.
DETR (2001), Planning Policy Guidance Note 13: Transport, London, Stationery Office.
DOWDING, K. (2006), 'Three-dimensional power: a discussion of Steven Lukes' power: a radical view', Political Studies Review, 4, 136–45.Three-dimensional power: a discussion of Steven Lukes' power: a radical view. Political Studies Review 4:136-45
FAIRCLOUGH, N. (2003), Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research, London and New York, Routledge.Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research
FORESIGHT LAND USE FUTURES PROJECT (2010), Final Report, London, The Government Office for Science.
GALLENT, N. and TEWDWR-JONES, M. (2007), Decent Homes For All – Planning's Evolving Role in Housing Provision, London and New York, Routledge.Decent Homes For All – Planning's Evolving Role in Housing Provision
GKARTZIOS, M. and SCOTT, M. (2010), 'Residential mobilities and house building in rural Ireland: evidence from three case studies', Sociologia Ruralis, 50, 64–84.Residential mobilities and house building in rural Ireland: evidence from three case studies. Sociologia Ruralis 50:64-84
GOVERNMENT OFFICE FOR THE NORTH EAST (2008), The North East of England Plan – Regional Spatial Strategy to 2021, London, TSO.
GREEN, M. (2007), 'Delivering discourse: some ethnographic reflections on the practice of policy making in international development', Critical Policy Analysis, 1, 139–53.Delivering discourse: some ethnographic reflections on the practice of policy making in international development. Critical Policy Analysis 1:139-53
GRENFELL, M. (ed.) (2008), Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts, London, Acumen Press.Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts
HM GOVERNMENT (2010), The Coalition: Our Programme for Government, London: HM Government Cabinet Office.
HALL, P., GRACEY, H., DREWITT, R. and THOMAS, R. (1973), The Containment of Urban England, London, Allen and Unwin.The Containment of Urban England
HARKER, R., MAHER, C. and WILKES, C. (eds.) (1990), An Introduction to the Work of Pierre Bourdieu, London, MacMillan.An Introduction to the Work of Pierre Bourdieu
HASTINGS, A. (1999a), 'Analysing power relations in partnerships: is there a role for discourse analysis?', Urban Studies, 36, 91–106.Analysing power relations in partnerships: is there a role for discourse analysis?. Urban Studies 36:91-106
HASTINGS, A. (1999b), 'Discourse and urban change: introduction to the special issue', Urban Studies, 36, 7–12.
HASTINGS, A. (2000), 'Discourse analysis: what does it offer housing studies?', Housing, Theory and Society, 17, 131–39.Discourse analysis: what does it offer housing studies?. Housing, Theory and Society 17:131-39
HAUGAARD, M. (2002), Power: A Reader, Manchester and New York, Manchester University Press.Power: A Reader
HOGGART, K. and HENDERSON, s. (2005), 'Excluding exceptions: housing non-affordability and the oppression of environmental sustainability?', Journal of Rural Studies, 21, 181–96.Excluding exceptions: housing non-affordability and the oppression of environmental sustainability?. Journal of Rural Studies 21:181-96
JENKINS, R. (1992), Pierre Bourdieu, London, Routledge.Pierre Bourdieu
LEE, J. (1989), 'Social class and schooling', in M. Cole (ed.), The Social Contexts of Schooling, Lewes, Falmer Press.Social class and schooling. The Social Contexts of
LUKES, S. (2005), Power: A Radical View, second edition, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.Power: A Radical View, second edition
MOORE, R. (2008), 'Capital', in M. Grenfell (ed.), Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts, Stocksfield, Acumen, 101–18.Capital. Pierre Bourdieu: Key Concepts 101-18
MURDOCH, J. and LOWE, P. (2003), 'The preservationist paradox: modernism, environmentalism and the politics of spatial division', Transactions of The Institute of British Geographers, 28, 318–32.The preservationist paradox: modernism, environmentalism and the politics of spatial division. Transactions of The Institute of British Geographers 28:318-32
MURDOCH, J., LOWE, P., WARD, N. AND MARSDEN, T. (2003), The Differentiated Countryside, New York, NY, Routledge.The Differentiated Countryside
NEWBY, H. (1985), Green and Pleasant Land? Social Change in Rural England, London, Wildwood House.Green and Pleasant Land? Social Change in Rural England
NORTH EAST ASSEMBLY (2005), Regional Spatial Strategy for the North East Submission Draft, http://www.northeastassembly.gov.uk/displaypagedoc.asp?id=614
ODPM (OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER) (2004), Planning Policy Statement 7: Sustainable Development in Rural Areas, London, Stationery Office.
OWEN, S. (1996), 'Sustainability and rural settlement planning', Planning, Practice & Research, 11, 37–47.Sustainability and rural settlement planning. Planning, Practice & Research 11:37-47
PENNINGTON, M. (2000), Planning and the Political Market: Public Choice and the Politics of Government Failure, London, Athlone.Planning and the Political Market: Public Choice and the Politics of Government Failure
SATSANGI, M. and DUNMORE, K. (2003), 'The planning system and the provision of affordable housing in rural Britain: a comparison of the Scottish and English experience', Housing Studies, 18, 201–17.The planning system and the provision of affordable housing in rural Britain: a comparison of the Scottish and English experience. Housing Studies 18:201-17
SATSANGI, M., GALLENT, N. and BEVAN, M. (2010), The Rural Housing Question: Community and Planning in Britain's Countrysides, Bristol, The Policy Press.The Rural Housing Question: Community and Planning in Britain's Countrysides
SCOTT, J. (2001), Power, Cambridge, Polity Press.Power
SCOTT, M. and MURRAY, M. (2009), 'Housing rural communities: connecting rural dwellings to rural development in Ireland', Housing Studies, 24, 755–74.Housing rural communities: connecting rural dwellings to rural development in Ireland. Housing Studies 24:755-74
SHUCKSMITH, M. (1990a), Housebuilding in Britain's Countryside, London and New York, Routledge.Housebuilding in Britain's Countryside
SHUCKSMITH, M. (1990b), 'A theoretical perspective on rural housing: housing classes in rural Britain', Sociologia Ruralis, 30, 210–29.A theoretical perspective on rural housing: housing classes in rural Britain. Sociologia Ruralis 30:210-29
STURZAKER, J. (2010), 'The exercise of power to limit the development of new housing in the English countryside', Environment and Planning A, 42, 1001–16.The exercise of power to limit the development of new housing in the English countryside. Environment and Planning A 42:1001-16
TAYLOR, M. (2008), Living Working Countryside: The Taylor Review of Rural Economy and Affordable Housing, Wetherby, CLG.Living Working Countryside: The Taylor Review of Rural Economy and Affordable Housing
THE PLANNING INSPECTORATE (2007), Report of the Examination into the Alnwick Core Strategy Development Plan Document, http://www.alnwick.gov.uk/supporting/released/2008-2/9019/CS%20inc%20Insp%20recc.pdf
THREE DRAGONS (2007), Assessing the Rural Content of Regional Spatial and Housing Strategies, Cheltenham, Commission for Rural Communities .
TYNEDALE DISTRICT COUNCIL (2007), Core Strategy Development Plan Document, http://www.tynedale.gov.uk/residents/showdesc.asp?id=223
VIGAR, G., HEALEY, P., HULL, A. and DAVOUDI, S. (2000), Planning, Governance and Spatial Strategy in Britain: An Institutionalist Analysis, London, Macmillan.Planning, Governance and Spatial Strategy in Britain: An Institutionalist Analysis
WEALDEN DISTRICT COUNCIL (2007), Wealden's Response to Proposed 20% increase in Housing Numbers, http://www.wealden.gov.uk/council/Media_Releases/2007/058WealdensResponsetoProposed20increaseinHousingNumbers.aspx
WEBB, J., SCHIRATO, T. and DANAHER, G. (2002), Understanding Bourdieu, London, Sage.Understanding Bourdieu
WOODS, M. (2005), Contesting Rurality: Politics in the British Countryside, Ashgate, Aldershot and Brighton.Contesting Rurality: Politics in the British Countryside
YORKSHIRE AND HUMBER ASSEMBLY (2006), Regional Spatial Strategy for Yorkshire and Humber Submission Draft, http://www.goyh.gov.uk/497763/docs/199734/199799/518302/yandhplan.zip

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Town Planning Review
Volume 82Number 21 January 2011
Pages: 169 - 194

History

Published online: 1 January 2011
Published in print: 1 January 2011

Authors

Affiliations

John Sturzaker
School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Gordon Stephenson Building, Liverpool, L69 7ZQ
Mark Shucksmith
Global Urban Research Unit, School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University, Claremont Tower, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Other Metrics

Citations

Cite As

Export Citations

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

/graphql/ContentItem/ContentItemCitedBy.xsl needs to be defined for the product

Cited by

  • Sustainability Trade-Offs in Climate Change Geographies in England, Sustainability, 10.3390/su16020549, 16, 2, (549), (2024).
  • The exclusive countryside post‐pandemic, The Geographical Journal, 10.1111/geoj.12524, (2023).
  • Pandemic mobility, second homes and housing market change in a rural amenity area during COVID-19 – The Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, Progress in Planning, 10.1016/j.progress.2022.100731, 172, (100731), (2023).
  • Regional opportunity structures: A research agenda to link spatial and social inequalities in rural areas, Progress in Human Geography, 10.1177/03091325221139980, 47, 1, (103-123), (2022).
  • Multifunction change of rural housing land in metropolitan suburbs from the perspective of farmer households’ land-use behavior, Land Use Policy, 10.1016/j.landusepol.2022.106206, 119, (106206), (2022).
  • The people: where will they go?, Town Planning Review, 10.3828/tpr.2020.44, 92, 1, (11-17), (2021).
  • City Light or Star Bright: A Review of Urban Light Pollution, Impacts, and Planning Implications, Journal of Planning Literature, 10.1177/0885412220986421, 36, 2, (155-169), (2021).
  • Governance and Rural Transformation: An Investigative Approach, A Contrived Countryside, 10.1007/978-3-030-62651-8_1, (1-36), (2021).
  • Smart rural futures: Will rural areas be left behind in the 4th industrial revolution?, Journal of Rural Studies, 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2020.08.042, 79, (169-176), (2020).
  • Poverty and Social Exclusion in Diversified Rural Contexts, Sociologia Ruralis, 10.1111/soru.12260, 59, 3, (353-368), (2019).

View Options

Get Access

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

View options

PDF

View PDF

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share with email

Email a colleague

Share on social media