Town Planning Review

Neighbourhood planning in London: fulfilling the coalition’s stated objectives? An exploration of the representativeness and inclusiveness of neighbourhood forums

Town Planning Review (2018), 89, (3), 229–258.

Abstract

This paper explores the representativeness and inclusiveness of neighbourhood forums (NFs) in London. A descriptive profile of NF areas at the London-wide level is developed through examining and analysing demographic indicators, location characteristics and key planning information. Interviews with key informants then provide an exploration of the lived reality of the process that NFs undergo in defining themselves. How NFs operationalise the process of self-definition is used to evaluate representativeness and inclusiveness internally. Four case studies are subsequently presented. Considering all data, types of representation, participatory/representative democracy and inclusivity/exclusivity are used as criteria in evaluating the overall representativeness and inclusiveness of NFs.

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COLOMB, C. (2013), ‘Berlin hyper-diversity’ (lecture), Regional Studies Association network, ‘Governing metropolitan regions within a localist agenda: towards a sustainable and just city region?’, University College London, Bartlett School of Planning, Berlin, 29 November 2013. ‘Berlin hyper-diversity’ (lecture), Regional Studies Association network, ‘Governing metropolitan regions within a localist agenda: towards a sustainable and just city region?’ Google Scholar

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DAVOUDI, S. and COWIE, P. (2013), ‘Are English Neighbourhood Forums democratically legitimate?’, Planning Theory & Practice, 14, 562–66. Are English Neighbourhood Forums democratically legitimate? Planning Theory & Practice 14 562 66 Google Scholar

DEAS, I. (2013), ‘Towards post-political consensus in urban policy? Localism and the emerging agenda for regeneration under the Cameron government’, Planning Practice & Research, 28, 65–82. Towards post-political consensus in urban policy? Localism and the emerging agenda for regeneration under the Cameron government Planning Practice & Research 28 65 82 Google Scholar

DIKEÇ, M. (2009), ‘Justice and the spatial imagination’, in P. Marcuse, J. Connolly, J. Novy, I. Olivio, C. Potter and J. Steil (eds), Searching for the Just City, London, Routledge, 72–89. Justice and the spatial imagination Searching for the Just City 72 89 Google Scholar

DROZDZ, M. (2013), ‘Will local-government reform in London involve or abandon its citizens?’ trans. O. Waine, Metropolitiques, http://www.metropolitiques.eu/spip.php?page=print&id_article=540 (accessed 6 April 2015). Google Scholar

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EUROPEAN COMMISSION: DIVERCITIES (2014), Urban Policies on Diversity in London, United Kingdom, London, UCL. Google Scholar

FAINSTEIN, S. (2010), The Just City, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press. The Just City Google Scholar

FINCHER, R. and IVESON, K. (eds) (2008), Planning and Diversity in the City: Redistribution, Recognition and Encounter, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan. Planning and Diversity in the City: Redistribution, Recognition and Encounter Google Scholar

FINCHER, R., IVESON, K., LEITNER, H. and PRESTON, V. (2014), ‘Planning in the multicultural city: celebrating diversity or reinforcing difference?’, Progress in Planning, 92, 1–55. Planning in the multicultural city: celebrating diversity or reinforcing difference? Progress in Planning 92 1 55 Google Scholar

GALLENT, N. (2013), ‘Re-connecting people and planning: parish plans and the English localism agenda’, Town Planning Review, 84, 371–96. Re-connecting people and planning: parish plans and the English localism agenda Town Planning Review 84 371 96 Google Scholar

GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY (2014), Census Information Scheme: Mixed & Balanced Communities, London, GLA. Google Scholar

HARVEY, D. (2009), Social Justice and the City, London, University of Georgia Press. Social Justice and the City Google Scholar

HAUGHTON, G. and ALLMENDINGER, P. (2013), ‘Spatial planning and the new localism’, Planning Practice & Research, 28, 1–5. Spatial planning and the new localism Planning Practice & Research 28 1 5 Google Scholar

HOLMAN, N. E. and RYDIN, Y. J. (2013), ‘What can social capital tell us about planning under localism?’, Local Government Studies, 39, 71–88. What can social capital tell us about planning under localism? Local Government Studies 39 71 88 Google Scholar

INCH, A. (2012), ‘Creating a generation of NIMBYs? Interpreting the role of the state in managing the politics of urban development’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30, 520–35. Creating a generation of NIMBYs? Interpreting the role of the state in managing the politics of urban development Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 30 520 35 Google Scholar

LOWNDES, V. and PRATCHETT, L. (2012), ‘Local governance under the coalition government: austerity, localism and the Big Society’, Local Government Studies, 38, 21–40. Local governance under the coalition government: austerity, localism and the Big Society Local Government Studies 38 21 40 Google Scholar

LUDWIG, C. and LUDWIG, G. (2014), ‘Empty gestures? A review of the discourses of localism from the practitioner’s perspective’, Local Economy: The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit, 29, 245–56. Empty gestures? A review of the discourses of localism from the practitioner’s perspective Local Economy: The Journal of the Local Economy Policy Unit 29 245 56 Google Scholar

MATTHEWS, P., BRAMLEY, G. and HASTINGS, A. (2015), ‘Homo economicus in a Big Society: understanding middle-class activism and NIMBYism towards new housing developments’, Housing, Theory and Society, 32, 54–72. Homo economicus in a Big Society: understanding middle-class activism and NIMBYism towards new housing developments Housing, Theory and Society 32 54 72 Google Scholar

MAYER, M. (2013), ‘First World urban activism: beyond austerity urbanism and creative city politics’, City, 17, 5–19. First World urban activism: beyond austerity urbanism and creative city politics City 17 5 19 Google Scholar

MILL HILL NEIGHBOURHOOD FORUM (2015), ‘The Mill Hill Neighbourhood Forum constitution’, http://millhillforum.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/MILL-HILL-NF-constitution.pdf (accessed 17 July 2015). Google Scholar

OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS (2010a), Census 2011: Ethnic Group of the Usual Resident Population of England and Wales, https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/query/construct/summary.asp?mode=construct&version=0&dataset=608 (accessed 28 July 2015). Google Scholar

OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS (2010b), Census 2011: Households in England and Wales by Tenure, https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/query/construct/summary.asp?mode=construct&version=0&dataset=53 (accessed 28 July 2015). Google Scholar

OFFICE OF NATIONAL STATISTICS (2010c), Census 2011: Usual Residents by Their Country of Birth, for England and Wales, https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/query/construct/summary.asp?mode=construct&version=0&dataset=611 (accessed 28 July 2015). Google Scholar

PECK, J. (2012). ‘Austerity urbanism: American cities under extreme economy’, City, 16, 626–55. Austerity urbanism: American cities under extreme economy City 16 626 55 Google Scholar

SYRETT, S. and SEPULVEDA, L. (2012), ‘Urban governance and economic development in the diverse city’, European Urban and Regional Studies, 19, 238–53. Urban governance and economic development in the diverse city European Urban and Regional Studies 19 238 53 Google Scholar

TASAN-KOK, T. and BAETEN, G. (eds) (2012), Contradictions of Neoliberal Planning, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands. Contradictions of Neoliberal Planning Google Scholar

TRIBILLION, J. (2014), ‘The Localism Act in London: institutionalising urban divisions’, Metropolitiques, http://www.metropolitiques.eu/The-Localism-Act-in-London.html (accessed 20 April 2015). Google Scholar

VAN KEMPEN, R. and WISSINK, B. (2014), ‘Between places and flows: towards a new agenda for neighbourhood research in an age of mobility’, Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 96, 95–108. Between places and flows: towards a new agenda for neighbourhood research in an age of mobility Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 96 95 108 Google Scholar

YIFTACHEL, O., GOLDHABER, R. and NURIEL, R. (2009), ‘Urban justice and recognition: affirmation and hostility in Beer Sheva’, in Marcuse et al. (eds), 120–44. Urban justice and recognition: affirmation and hostility in Beer Sheva 120 44 Google Scholar

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Apostolides, Kayla

Apostolides, Kayla