Contemporary French Civilization

Transnational community building through Quebec’s first Lesbian Web Series: decoding lesbianism on the example of Féminin/Féminin

Contemporary French Civilization (2019), 44, (2_3), 257–273.

Abstract

This article discusses the recent phenomenon of Lesbian Web Series – a new digital online format – on the first Quebecois example Féminin/Féminin, which operates on a transnational scale generating a female- centered community across national borders while at the same time nurturing Quebec’s cinematic traditions. Exploring lesbian identity in this context, this article seeks to investigate how Lesbian Web Series shift community building from a local to a transnational level by using new media and facilitating a participatory (online) culture.

Cet article traite du phénomène récent des webséries lesbiennes, un nouveau format numérique, à partir du premier exemple québécois Féminin/Féminin, qui intervient à une échelle transnationale, générant une communauté centrée sur les femmes par-delà les frontières nationales, et nourrissant en même temps les traditions cinématographiques du Québec. En explorant l’identité lesbienne dans ce contexte, cet article cherche à enquêter sur la façon dont les webséries lesbiennes élargissent la formation d’une appartenance communautaire du niveau local au niveau transnational en utilisant les nouveaux médias et en permettant une culture en ligne participative.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Lesbian-centered film, TV, and web series cited

Anne Trister, Léa Pool, 1986, Canada. Google Scholar

B.J. Fletcher: Private Eye, 2008–. Google Scholar

Chica Busca Chica/Girl Seeks Girl, 2007. Google Scholar

Féminin/Féminin, 2014–. Google Scholar

Féminin Féminin, Henri Calef and Joao Correa, 1972, France/Belgium. Google Scholar

Girl Trash!, 2007–. Google Scholar

Les Goudous, 2016–. Google Scholar

lonelygirl15, 2006–2008. Google Scholar

Lost and Delirious, Léa Pool, 2001, Canada. Google Scholar

Notas Aparte, 2016–. Google Scholar

Out With Dad, 2010–. Google Scholar

Seeking Simone, 2009–. Google Scholar

‘Til Lease Do Us Part, 2014–. Google Scholar

Venice the Series, 2009–. Google Scholar

Anne Trister, Léa Pool, 1986, Canada. Google Scholar

B.J. Fletcher: Private Eye, 2008–. Google Scholar

Chica Busca Chica/Girl Seeks Girl, 2007. Google Scholar

Féminin/Féminin, 2014–. Google Scholar

Féminin Féminin, Henri Calef and Joao Correa, 1972, France/Belgium. Google Scholar

Girl Trash!, 2007–. Google Scholar

Les Goudous, 2016–. Google Scholar

lonelygirl15, 2006–2008. Google Scholar

Lost and Delirious, Léa Pool, 2001, Canada. Google Scholar

Notas Aparte, 2016–. Google Scholar

Out With Dad, 2010–. Google Scholar

Seeking Simone, 2009–. Google Scholar

‘Til Lease Do Us Part, 2014–. Google Scholar

Venice the Series, 2009–. Google Scholar

Works cited

Alarcón, Norma, Caren Kaplan, and Minoo Moallem. “Introduction: Between Woman and Nation.” Between Woman and Nation: Nationalisms, Transnational Feminisms and the State. Duke University Press, 1999, pp. 1–16. Google Scholar

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections of the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso, 2006. Google Scholar

Berlant, Lauren, and Michael Warner. “Sex in Public.” Critical Inquiry, vol. 24, no. 2, 1998, pp. 547–566. Google Scholar

Bociurkiw, Marusya. Feeling Canadian. Televison, Nationalism, and Affect. Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2011. Google Scholar

Bourcier, Sam. “Féminin/Féminin, la websérie qui dissout la lesbienne.” Slate.fr. 8 Nov. 2018. Web. Google Scholar

Brockmeier, Jens. Beyond the Archive: Memory and the Autobiographical Process. Oxford UP, 2015. Google Scholar

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge, 1990. Google Scholar

Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday. A Dictionary of Media and Communication. Oxford UP, 2011. Google Scholar

Coleman, Amelia Rose. “Blogging Their Way Out of Disadvantage: Women, Identity and Agency in the Blogsphere.” Gender Considerations in Online Consumption Behavior and Internet Use, edited by Rebecca English and Raechel Johns, IGI Global, 2016, pp. 64–81. Google Scholar

Cooper, Sara E. “Looking at Lesbians Internationally: An Introduction.” Journal of Lesbian Studies, vol. 13, no. 1, 2009, pp. 1–3. Google Scholar

Curzi, Patricia. “Lesbian Movements: Ruptures and Alliances.” International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), edited by Gloria Careaga and Patricia Curzi. 28 Mar. 2013, http://ilga.org/ilga/en/article/lYwN1bs14T. Google Scholar

Duguay, Stefanie. “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Queer Visibility through Selfies: Comparing Platform Mediators across Ruby Rose’s Instagram and Vine Presence.” Social Media+Society, Apr.–Jun. 2016, pp. 1–12. Google Scholar

Faulstich, Werner. Grundkurs Filmanalyse. Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2002. Google Scholar

Foster, Gwendolyn Audrey. Women Film Directors: An International Bio-critical Dictionary. Greenwood Press, 1995. Google Scholar

Gauderault, André, and François Jost. Le récit cinématographique. Éditions Nathan, 1990. Google Scholar

Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. Basic Books, 1973. Google Scholar

Hayward, Susan. Cinematic Studies: Key Concepts. Routledge, 2013. Google Scholar

Jenkins, Henry. Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2009. Google Scholar

Jenkins, Henry. “Transmedia Storytelling 101.” Henry Jenkins, 11 Aug. 2012. Web. Google Scholar

Jième, Jean. “Cinéma belge des années 1960–70.” Anciennes salles de cinéma de Bruxelles et de quartiers – années 50, 60, 70 – La Nouvelle Vague francaise – Affiches films US 60–70, 11 Jun. 2014, http://www.memoire60-70.be/CinemaCoupDeCoeur/Feminin_Feminin_Correa.htm. Google Scholar

Knegt, Peter. About Canada: Queer Rights. Fernwood Publishing, 2011. Google Scholar

Kuhn, Markus. “Zwischen Kunst, Kommerz und Lokalkolorit: Der Einfluss der Medienumgebung auf die narrative Struktur von Webserien und Ansätze zu einer Klassifizierung.” Narrative Genres im Internet: Theoretische Bezugsrahmen, Mediengattungstypologie und Funktionen 7, edited by Ansgar Nünning, Jan Rupp, Rebecca Hagelmoser, and Jonas Ivo Meyer, WVT – Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2012, pp. 51–92. Google Scholar

Lacan, Jacques. “The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Experience.” Écrits. A Selection. Tavistock, 1949, pp. 502–503. Google Scholar

Lez Spread the Word. “Féminin/Féminin – Episode 1.” Lez Spread the Word, 9 Dec. 2014, http://femininfeminin.com/en/episode-1/. Google Scholar

Lez Spread the Word. “About.” Lez Spread the Word, 6 Dec. 2017, https://lezspreadtheword.com/en/about. Google Scholar

Mikos, Lothar. Film- und Fernsehanalyse. Verlag J.B. Metzler, 2003. Google Scholar

Münder, Kerstin. Ich liebe den Menschen und nicht das Geschlecht. Ulrike Helmer Verlag, 2004. Google Scholar

Nadeau, Chantal. “La représentation de la femme comme autre: l’ambigüité du cinéma de Léa Pool pour une position féministe.” Québec Studies, no. 17, 1994, pp. 83–96. Google Scholar

Nadeau, Chantal. “Sexualité et espace public: visibilité lesbienne dans le cinéma récent.” Sociologie et sociétés, vol. 29, no. 1, 1997, pp. 113–127. Google Scholar

Obermayr, Julia. “Queering ‘Web’ Families: Cultural Kinship through Lesbian Web Series.” Click and Kin: Transnational Identity and Quick Media, edited by May Friedman and Silvia Schultermandl, UP of Toronto, 2016, pp. 97–117. Google Scholar

OneMoreLesbian: The Lesbian Media Site “About OneMoreLesbian.” OneMoreLesbian, 21 Sep. 2017, https://www.onemorelesbian.com/about. Google Scholar

OneMoreLesbian. The Lesbian Media Site “Channels – Lesbian Web Series.” OneMoreLesbian, 20 Sep. 2017, http://www.onemorelesbian.com/videos/lesbian-web-series. Google Scholar

Raley, Amber B., and Jennifer L. Lucas. “Stereotype or Success?” Journal of Homosexuality, vol. 51, no. 2, 2006, pp. 19–38. Google Scholar

Robichaud, Chloé. Féminin/Féminin, 11 Aug. 2018, http://femininfeminin.com, https://ici.tou.tv/feminin-feminin, http://studio-4.nouvelles-ecritures.francetv.fr/femininfeminin-1043.html. Google Scholar

Sarasin, Philip. Geschichtswissenschaft und Diskursanalyse. Suhrkamp, 2003. Google Scholar

Stein-Hilbers, Marlene. Sexuell werden – Sexuelle Sozialisation und Geschlechterverhältnisse. Springer Fachmedien, 2000. Google Scholar

Thériault, Joseph Yvon. “La langue, symbole de l’identité québécoise.” Le français au Québec. 400 ans d’histoire et de vie, edited by Michel Plourde, Fides, 2003, pp. 254–259. Google Scholar

Thériault, Melissa. “Documentaire et jeux de fiction. Le cas du cinéma québécois.” Globe – Revue internationale d’études québécoise, vol. 17, no. 1, 2014, pp. 131–152. Google Scholar

Trudeau, Justin. “Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to Apologize to LGBTQ2 Canadians,” 3 Dec. 2017, https://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2017/11/28/remarks-prime-minister-justin-trudeau-apologize-lgbtq2-canadians. Google Scholar

Viñuales, Olga. Identidades lésbicas. Discursos y prácticas. Edicions Bellaterra. 2006. Google Scholar

Warfield, Katie, Carolina Cambre, and Crystal Abidin. “Introduction to the Social Media+Society Special Issue on Selfies: Mediated Inter-faces.” Social Media+Society, Apr.–Jun. 2016, pp. 1–5. Google Scholar

Waugh, Thomas. “Nègres blancs, tapettes et ‘butch’; les lesbiennes et les gais dans le cinéma québécois.” Copie Zéro, no. 11, Vues sur le cinéma québécois (colloque de l’Association canadienne des études cinématographiques, Oct. 1981), 8 Nov. 2018, http://collections.cinematheque.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/CZ_1981_11_p12–29w.pdf. Google Scholar

Waugh, Thomas. The Romance of Transgression in Canada: Queering Sexualities, Nations, Cinemas. McGill-Queen’s UP, 2006. Google Scholar

White, Patricia. UnInvited. Classical Hollywood Cinema and Lesbian Representability. Indiana UP, 1999. Google Scholar

Zag, Roland. Der Publikumsvertrag. Drehbuch, Emotion und der “Human Factor.” UVK Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 2010. Google Scholar

Alarcón, Norma, Caren Kaplan, and Minoo Moallem. “Introduction: Between Woman and Nation.” Between Woman and Nation: Nationalisms, Transnational Feminisms and the State. Duke University Press, 1999, pp. 1–16. Google Scholar

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections of the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso, 2006. Google Scholar

Berlant, Lauren, and Michael Warner. “Sex in Public.” Critical Inquiry, vol. 24, no. 2, 1998, pp. 547–566. Google Scholar

Bociurkiw, Marusya. Feeling Canadian. Televison, Nationalism, and Affect. Wilfrid Laurier UP, 2011. Google Scholar

Bourcier, Sam. “Féminin/Féminin, la websérie qui dissout la lesbienne.” Slate.fr. 8 Nov. 2018. Web. Google Scholar

Brockmeier, Jens. Beyond the Archive: Memory and the Autobiographical Process. Oxford UP, 2015. Google Scholar

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge, 1990. Google Scholar

Chandler, Daniel, and Rod Munday. A Dictionary of Media and Communication. Oxford UP, 2011. Google Scholar

Coleman, Amelia Rose. “Blogging Their Way Out of Disadvantage: Women, Identity and Agency in the Blogsphere.” Gender Considerations in Online Consumption Behavior and Internet Use, edited by Rebecca English and Raechel Johns, IGI Global, 2016, pp. 64–81. Google Scholar

Cooper, Sara E. “Looking at Lesbians Internationally: An Introduction.” Journal of Lesbian Studies, vol. 13, no. 1, 2009, pp. 1–3. Google Scholar

Curzi, Patricia. “Lesbian Movements: Ruptures and Alliances.” International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA), edited by Gloria Careaga and Patricia Curzi. 28 Mar. 2013, http://ilga.org/ilga/en/article/lYwN1bs14T. Google Scholar

Duguay, Stefanie. “Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Queer Visibility through Selfies: Comparing Platform Mediators across Ruby Rose’s Instagram and Vine Presence.” Social Media+Society, Apr.–Jun. 2016, pp. 1–12. Google Scholar

Faulstich, Werner. Grundkurs Filmanalyse. Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2002. Google Scholar

Foster, Gwendolyn Audrey. Women Film Directors: An International Bio-critical Dictionary. Greenwood Press, 1995. Google Scholar

Gauderault, André, and François Jost. Le récit cinématographique. Éditions Nathan, 1990. Google Scholar

Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. Basic Books, 1973. Google Scholar

Hayward, Susan. Cinematic Studies: Key Concepts. Routledge, 2013. Google Scholar

Jenkins, Henry. Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2009. Google Scholar

Jenkins, Henry. “Transmedia Storytelling 101.” Henry Jenkins, 11 Aug. 2012. Web. Google Scholar

Jième, Jean. “Cinéma belge des années 1960–70.” Anciennes salles de cinéma de Bruxelles et de quartiers – années 50, 60, 70 – La Nouvelle Vague francaise – Affiches films US 60–70, 11 Jun. 2014, http://www.memoire60-70.be/CinemaCoupDeCoeur/Feminin_Feminin_Correa.htm. Google Scholar

Knegt, Peter. About Canada: Queer Rights. Fernwood Publishing, 2011. Google Scholar

Kuhn, Markus. “Zwischen Kunst, Kommerz und Lokalkolorit: Der Einfluss der Medienumgebung auf die narrative Struktur von Webserien und Ansätze zu einer Klassifizierung.” Narrative Genres im Internet: Theoretische Bezugsrahmen, Mediengattungstypologie und Funktionen 7, edited by Ansgar Nünning, Jan Rupp, Rebecca Hagelmoser, and Jonas Ivo Meyer, WVT – Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2012, pp. 51–92. Google Scholar

Lacan, Jacques. “The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Experience.” Écrits. A Selection. Tavistock, 1949, pp. 502–503. Google Scholar

Lez Spread the Word. “Féminin/Féminin – Episode 1.” Lez Spread the Word, 9 Dec. 2014, http://femininfeminin.com/en/episode-1/. Google Scholar

Lez Spread the Word. “About.” Lez Spread the Word, 6 Dec. 2017, https://lezspreadtheword.com/en/about. Google Scholar

Mikos, Lothar. Film- und Fernsehanalyse. Verlag J.B. Metzler, 2003. Google Scholar

Münder, Kerstin. Ich liebe den Menschen und nicht das Geschlecht. Ulrike Helmer Verlag, 2004. Google Scholar

Nadeau, Chantal. “La représentation de la femme comme autre: l’ambigüité du cinéma de Léa Pool pour une position féministe.” Québec Studies, no. 17, 1994, pp. 83–96. Google Scholar

Nadeau, Chantal. “Sexualité et espace public: visibilité lesbienne dans le cinéma récent.” Sociologie et sociétés, vol. 29, no. 1, 1997, pp. 113–127. Google Scholar

Obermayr, Julia. “Queering ‘Web’ Families: Cultural Kinship through Lesbian Web Series.” Click and Kin: Transnational Identity and Quick Media, edited by May Friedman and Silvia Schultermandl, UP of Toronto, 2016, pp. 97–117. Google Scholar

OneMoreLesbian: The Lesbian Media Site “About OneMoreLesbian.” OneMoreLesbian, 21 Sep. 2017, https://www.onemorelesbian.com/about. Google Scholar

OneMoreLesbian. The Lesbian Media Site “Channels – Lesbian Web Series.” OneMoreLesbian, 20 Sep. 2017, http://www.onemorelesbian.com/videos/lesbian-web-series. Google Scholar

Raley, Amber B., and Jennifer L. Lucas. “Stereotype or Success?” Journal of Homosexuality, vol. 51, no. 2, 2006, pp. 19–38. Google Scholar

Robichaud, Chloé. Féminin/Féminin, 11 Aug. 2018, http://femininfeminin.com, https://ici.tou.tv/feminin-feminin, http://studio-4.nouvelles-ecritures.francetv.fr/femininfeminin-1043.html. Google Scholar

Sarasin, Philip. Geschichtswissenschaft und Diskursanalyse. Suhrkamp, 2003. Google Scholar

Stein-Hilbers, Marlene. Sexuell werden – Sexuelle Sozialisation und Geschlechterverhältnisse. Springer Fachmedien, 2000. Google Scholar

Thériault, Joseph Yvon. “La langue, symbole de l’identité québécoise.” Le français au Québec. 400 ans d’histoire et de vie, edited by Michel Plourde, Fides, 2003, pp. 254–259. Google Scholar

Thériault, Melissa. “Documentaire et jeux de fiction. Le cas du cinéma québécois.” Globe – Revue internationale d’études québécoise, vol. 17, no. 1, 2014, pp. 131–152. Google Scholar

Trudeau, Justin. “Remarks by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to Apologize to LGBTQ2 Canadians,” 3 Dec. 2017, https://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2017/11/28/remarks-prime-minister-justin-trudeau-apologize-lgbtq2-canadians. Google Scholar

Viñuales, Olga. Identidades lésbicas. Discursos y prácticas. Edicions Bellaterra. 2006. Google Scholar

Warfield, Katie, Carolina Cambre, and Crystal Abidin. “Introduction to the Social Media+Society Special Issue on Selfies: Mediated Inter-faces.” Social Media+Society, Apr.–Jun. 2016, pp. 1–5. Google Scholar

Waugh, Thomas. “Nègres blancs, tapettes et ‘butch’; les lesbiennes et les gais dans le cinéma québécois.” Copie Zéro, no. 11, Vues sur le cinéma québécois (colloque de l’Association canadienne des études cinématographiques, Oct. 1981), 8 Nov. 2018, http://collections.cinematheque.qc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/CZ_1981_11_p12–29w.pdf. Google Scholar

Waugh, Thomas. The Romance of Transgression in Canada: Queering Sexualities, Nations, Cinemas. McGill-Queen’s UP, 2006. Google Scholar

White, Patricia. UnInvited. Classical Hollywood Cinema and Lesbian Representability. Indiana UP, 1999. Google Scholar

Zag, Roland. Der Publikumsvertrag. Drehbuch, Emotion und der “Human Factor.” UVK Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 2010. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Obermayr, Julia

Obermayr, Julia