Contemporary French Civilization

Le cinéma autochtone au Québec: de la représentation à la ré-appropriation

Contemporary French Civilization (2019), 44, (2_3), 221–240.

Abstract

Cet article se penche sur les relations et collaborations récentes entre les cinéastes autochtones et québécois. Une brève exploration des représentations autochtones antérieures et du contexte contemporain de co-réalisation Québec/Autochtonie nous permet d’esquisser un portrait plus nuancé des nouvelles configurations transnationales du paysage cinématographique québécois. De même, les notions d’autochtonisation du médium, de souveraineté visuelle et de survivance nous aideront à mieux cerner les œuvres de fiction réalisées par des cinéastes autochtones, qui contribuent à l’enrichissement d’un cinéma qui propose de nouvelles façons d’habiter les territoires québécois/autochtones.

This article examines the relationships and collaborations between indigenous and Quebecois filmmakers. A brief exploration of previous indigenous representations and of the contemporary Quebecois/indigenous co-production context allows us to draw a nuanced perspective of the new transnational configurations of the landscapes of Quebec. Likewise, the notions of visual sovereignty, survivance, and the indigenizing of the medium will help us in the deciphering of fiction films produced by indigenous filmmakers, who contribute to the enrichment of a cinema which proposes new ways of inhabiting the Quebecois/indigenous territories.

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Bibliographie

Bertrand, Karine. “Le collectif Arnait Video Productions et le cinéma engagé des femmes inuit: guérison communautaire et mémoire culturelle.” Revue canadienne de littérature comparée, vol. 44, no. 1, 2017, pp. 36–53. Google Scholar

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Fendler, Ute. “Le road movie québécois. Transfert de genre et construction d’identité.” Romans de la route et voyages identitaires, edited by Jean Morency, Jeanette den Toonder, and Jaap Lintvelt, Nota bene, 2006. Google Scholar

Graham, Laura R. “Toward Representational Sovereignty: Rewards and Challenges of Indigenous Media in the A’uwẽ-Xavante Communities of Eténhiritipa-Pimentel Barbosa.” Media and Communication, vol. 4, no. 6, 2016, pp. 13–32. Google Scholar

Higbee, Will, and Song Hwee Lim. “Concepts of Transnational Cinema: Towards a Critical Transnationalism in Film Studies.” Transnational Cinemas, vol. 1, no. 1, 2010, pp. 7–21. Google Scholar

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Mackenzie, Scott, and Anna Stenport Westerstahl. “Arnait Video Productions: Inuit Women’s Collective Filmmaking, Coalitional Politics, and a Globalized Arctic.” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies, vol. 31, no. 3, 2016, pp. 153–163. Google Scholar

Marshall, Bill. Quebec National Cinema. McGill-Queen’s UP, 2001. Google Scholar

Perrault, Pierre. De la parole aux actes. L’Hexagone, 1985. Google Scholar

Perrault, Pierre. L’Oumigmatique ou l’objectif documentaire. L’Hexagone, 1995. Google Scholar

Perrault, Pierre, and Simone Suchet. Un homme debout. Nota bene, 2015. Google Scholar

Poirier, Christian. Le cinéma québécois. À la recherche d’une identité? Presses de l’université du Québec, 2004. Google Scholar

Pratt, Marie-Louise. “Arts and the Contact Zone.” Profession, 1991, pp. 33–40. Google Scholar

Raheja, Michelle. Reservation Reelism. Redfacing, Visual Sovereignty and Representations of Native Americans in Film, U of Nebraska P, 2010. Google Scholar

Ramond, Charles-Henri. “Uvanga, film de Marie-Hélène Cousineau et Madeline Ivalu.” Films du Québec, 23 Apr. 2014. Web. Google Scholar

Ramond, Charles-Henri. “Iqaluit, film de Benoît Pilon.” Films du Québec, 2017, 1 Mar. 2017. Web. Google Scholar

Renaud, Nicolas. “Arthur Lamothe et les Innus. Le documentaire dans le cercle magique.” Hors champ, 10 Aug. 2007. Web. Google Scholar

Saul, John Ralston. A Fair Country: Telling Truths about Canada. Penguin, 2008. Google Scholar

Sioui-Durand, Guy. “Caméra au poing, ou la nouvelle arme de l’art engagé autochtone.” Inter: art actuel, no. 104, 2009–2010, pp. 82–85. Google Scholar

Tremblay, Odile. “Déchirements et lumières.” Le Devoir, 18 Feb. 2012. Web. Google Scholar

Vizenor, Gerald. Survivance: Narratives of Native Presence. U of Nebraska P, 2008. Google Scholar

Bertrand, Karine. “Le collectif Arnait Video Productions et le cinéma engagé des femmes inuit: guérison communautaire et mémoire culturelle.” Revue canadienne de littérature comparée, vol. 44, no. 1, 2017, pp. 36–53. Google Scholar

Bertrand, Karine, and Scott Mackenzie. “The Nostalgic Quest for Indigenous Identity in Québécois Cinema.” A Cinema of Pain, Essays on Quebec’s Nostalgic Screens, edited by André Loiselle and Liz Czach, forthcoming, 2020. Google Scholar

Costa, Antonio. “Présentation. Invention et ré-invention du paysage.” Le paysage au cinéma, vol. 12, no. 1, 2001, pp. 7–14. Google Scholar

CRV (Commission de vérité et réconciliation du Canada). 22 Nov. 2017. Web. http://www.trc.ca/index-splash-fr.html. Google Scholar

Dubé, Julia. “Why Indigenous Cinema Matters.” L’esprit libre. 26 Sep. 2016. Web. Google Scholar

Dudemaine, André. “Ce que racontent les paysages,” 24 Images, no. 155, 2011–2012, pp. 42–43. Google Scholar

Fendler, Ute. “Le road movie québécois. Transfert de genre et construction d’identité.” Romans de la route et voyages identitaires, edited by Jean Morency, Jeanette den Toonder, and Jaap Lintvelt, Nota bene, 2006. Google Scholar

Graham, Laura R. “Toward Representational Sovereignty: Rewards and Challenges of Indigenous Media in the A’uwẽ-Xavante Communities of Eténhiritipa-Pimentel Barbosa.” Media and Communication, vol. 4, no. 6, 2016, pp. 13–32. Google Scholar

Higbee, Will, and Song Hwee Lim. “Concepts of Transnational Cinema: Towards a Critical Transnationalism in Film Studies.” Transnational Cinemas, vol. 1, no. 1, 2010, pp. 7–21. Google Scholar

Kattan, Naïm. Culture: alibi ou liberté? Hurtubise, 1996. Google Scholar

Leal, Melissa. “Rhymes for Young Ghouls Written and Directed by Jeff Barnaby.” Comparative Education Review, vol. 59, no. 2, 2015, pp. 383–385. Google Scholar

Lussier, Marc-André. “Avant les rues: une oeuvre utile et pertinente.” La Presse, 15 Apr. 2016, Web. Google Scholar

Mackenzie, Scott, and Anna Stenport Westerstahl. “Arnait Video Productions: Inuit Women’s Collective Filmmaking, Coalitional Politics, and a Globalized Arctic.” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies, vol. 31, no. 3, 2016, pp. 153–163. Google Scholar

Marshall, Bill. Quebec National Cinema. McGill-Queen’s UP, 2001. Google Scholar

Perrault, Pierre. De la parole aux actes. L’Hexagone, 1985. Google Scholar

Perrault, Pierre. L’Oumigmatique ou l’objectif documentaire. L’Hexagone, 1995. Google Scholar

Perrault, Pierre, and Simone Suchet. Un homme debout. Nota bene, 2015. Google Scholar

Poirier, Christian. Le cinéma québécois. À la recherche d’une identité? Presses de l’université du Québec, 2004. Google Scholar

Pratt, Marie-Louise. “Arts and the Contact Zone.” Profession, 1991, pp. 33–40. Google Scholar

Raheja, Michelle. Reservation Reelism. Redfacing, Visual Sovereignty and Representations of Native Americans in Film, U of Nebraska P, 2010. Google Scholar

Ramond, Charles-Henri. “Uvanga, film de Marie-Hélène Cousineau et Madeline Ivalu.” Films du Québec, 23 Apr. 2014. Web. Google Scholar

Ramond, Charles-Henri. “Iqaluit, film de Benoît Pilon.” Films du Québec, 2017, 1 Mar. 2017. Web. Google Scholar

Renaud, Nicolas. “Arthur Lamothe et les Innus. Le documentaire dans le cercle magique.” Hors champ, 10 Aug. 2007. Web. Google Scholar

Saul, John Ralston. A Fair Country: Telling Truths about Canada. Penguin, 2008. Google Scholar

Sioui-Durand, Guy. “Caméra au poing, ou la nouvelle arme de l’art engagé autochtone.” Inter: art actuel, no. 104, 2009–2010, pp. 82–85. Google Scholar

Tremblay, Odile. “Déchirements et lumières.” Le Devoir, 18 Feb. 2012. Web. Google Scholar

Vizenor, Gerald. Survivance: Narratives of Native Presence. U of Nebraska P, 2008. Google Scholar

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Author details

Bertrand, Karine

Bertrand, Karine