Bulletin of Hispanic Studies

Sites of Memory in Ramon Saizarbitoria’s Martutene

Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (2016), 93, (10), 1157–1171.

Abstract

The aim of this article is to suggest a possible reading of Ramon Saizarbitoria’s novel Martutene (2012) from the perspective of memory studies. Pierre Nora’s ‘sites of memory’ are my starting point and, among the various examples of this which are to be found in the novel, I pay special attention to family seats and farmsteads as sites of memory. Reflections about the Basque conflict, Basque nationalism and Basque memory and identity are of particular relevance to my study.

El objetivo de este artículo es sugerir una posible lectura de la novela de Ramón Saizarbitoria Martutene (2012) desde la perspectiva de los estudios de la memoria. Los ‘lugares de la memoria’ de Pierre Nora sirven de punto de partida, y entre los múltiples ejemplos de ello que se pueden encontrar en la novela, presto principal atención a los lugares familiares y los caseríos como sitios de memoria.

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Aldekoa, Iñaki, 2013. ‘Martutene: La escritura o la vida’, Ínsula, 797: 21–23. Martutene: La escritura o la vida Martutene 797 21 23 Google Scholar

Apalategi, Ur, 2013. ‘Euskal subjektuaren bilakaera erromaneskoa: desberdintze estrategiaren eta homologazio nahiaren arteko negoziaketa literario-ideologikoak’, 452°F. Electronic Journal of Theory of Literature and Comparative Literature, 9: 56–77. Available at: http://www.452f.com/pdf/numero09/09_452f-mono-ur-apalategi-orgnl.pdf [accessed 13 October 2013]. Google Scholar

Aranzadi, Engrazio, 1932. Kizkitza. La casa solar vasca (Zarauz: Editorial Vasca). Kizkitza. La casa solar vasca Google Scholar

Barandiaran, Joxe Migel, 1973 [1950]. ‘De la vida tradicional vasca’, in Obras Completas III (Bilbao: Biblioteca de la Gran Enciclopedia Vasca), pp. 481–83. De la vida tradicional vasca Obras Completas III 481 83 Google Scholar

Douglass, William, and Joseba Zulaika, 2007. Basque Culture: Anthropological Perspectives (Reno: University of Nevada, Center for Basque Studies). Basque Culture: Anthropological Perspectives Google Scholar

Gabilondo, Joseba, 2013. New York–Martutene. Euskal postnazionalismoaren utopiaz eta globalizazio neoliberalaren krisiaz (Bilbao: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitateko argitalpen zerbitzua). New York–Martutene. Euskal postnazionalismoaren utopiaz eta globalizazio neoliberalaren krisiaz Google Scholar

Halbwachs, Maurice, 1992. On Collective Memory (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press). On Collective Memory Google Scholar

Hernandez Abaitua, Mikel, 2012. ‘Martutene’, Berria, 8 July. Available at: http://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/1550/035/001/2012-07-08/martutene.htm [accessed 11 December 2014]. Google Scholar

Huyssen, Andreas, 2003. Present Pasts: Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press). Present Pasts: Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory Google Scholar

Kortazar, Jon, 2012. ‘Bost pertsonaia, hiru liburu, sinbolo bi, egilea eta gizartea’, El Correo, 28 April. Available at: http://kritikak.armiarma.com/?p=5462 [accessed 10 October 2013]. Google Scholar

Mees, Ludger, and Jesús Casquete, 2012. ‘Telesforo Monzon’, in Diccionario ilustrado de símbolos del nacionalismo vasco, coord. Santiago de Pablo, José Luis de la Granja, Ludger Mees and Jesús Casquete (Madrid: Tecnos), pp. 619–35. Telesforo Monzon Diccionario ilustrado de símbolos del nacionalismo vasco 619 35 Google Scholar

Muñoz, Jokin, 2007. Antzararen bidea (Irun: Alberdania); trans. as El camino de la oca (Irun, Alberdania-astiro, 2007). Antzararen bidea Google Scholar

Nora, Pierre, 1997 [1984]. ‘Entre mémoire et histoire. La Problématique des lieux’, in Les Lieux de mémoire, ed. Pierre Nora (Paris: Gallimard), I, pp. 23–43. Entre mémoire et histoire. La Problématique des lieux Les Lieux de mémoire 23 43 Google Scholar

Olaziregi, Mari Jose, 2001. Ramon Saizarbitoriaren unibertso literarioa (Bilbao: Labayru). Ramon Saizarbitoriaren unibertso literarioa Google Scholar

Olaziregi, Mari Jose, 2011. ‘Basque Narrative about the Spanish Civil War and its Contribution to the Deconstruction of Collective Political Memory’, in War, Exile, Justice, and Everyday Life, 1936–1946, ed. Sandra Ott (Reno: University of Nevada, Center for Basque Studies), pp. 107–132. Basque Narrative about the Spanish Civil War and its Contribution to the Deconstruction of Collective Political Memory War, Exile, Justice, and Everyday Life, 1936–1946 107 132 Google Scholar

Olaziregi, Mari Jose (ed.), 2012. Basque Literary History (Reno: University of Nevada, Center for Basque Studies). Basque Literary History Google Scholar

Rigney, Ann, 2010. ‘The Dynamics of Remembrance: Texts Between Monumentality and Morphing’, in A Companion to Cultural Memory Studies, ed. Astrid Erll and Ansgar Nünning (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter), pp. 345–53. The Dynamics of Remembrance: Texts Between Monumentality and Morphing A Companion to Cultural Memory Studies 345 53 Google Scholar

Rosenfeld, Gavriel D., 2009. ‘A Looming Crash or a Soft Landing? Forecasting the Future of the Memory “Industry”’, The Journal of Modern History, 81.1: 122–58. A Looming Crash or a Soft Landing? Forecasting the Future of the Memory “Industry” The Journal of Modern History 81.1 122 58 Google Scholar

Saizarbitoria, Ramon, 1976. 100 metro (Donostia: Kriselu); trans. as 100 metros (Madrid: Nuestra Cultura, 1979); as 100 meter (San Diego, CA, Basque American Foundation, 1985). 100 metro Google Scholar

Saizarbitoria, Ramon, 1995. Hamaika pauso (Donostia: Erein); trans. as Los pasos incontables (Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, 1997). Hamaika pauso Google Scholar

Saizarbitoria, Ramon, 2000. Gorde nazazu lurpean (Donostia: Erein); trans. as Guárdame bajo tierra (Madrid: Alfaguera, 2002). Gorde nazazu lurpean Google Scholar

Saizarbitoria, Ramon, 2012. Martutene (Donostia: Erein). Martutene Google Scholar

Saizarbitoria, Ramon, 2016. Martutene, trans. Aritz Branton, rev. Cameron Watson (Madrid: Hispabooks). Martutene Google Scholar

Winter, Ulrich, 2005. ‘“Localizar a los muertos” y “reconocer al otro”: Lugares de memoria(s) en la cultura española contemporánea’, in Casa encantada. Lugares de memoria en la España Constitucional (1978–2004), ed. Joan Ramon Resina and Ulrich Winter (Frankfurt am Main / Madrid: Vervuert–Iberoamericana), pp. 17–39. “Localizar a los muertos” y “reconocer al otro”: Lugares de memoria(s) en la cultura española contemporánea Casa encantada. Lugares de memoria en la España Constitucional (1978–2004) 17 39 Google Scholar

Winter, Ulrich (ed.), 2006. Lugares de memoria de la Guerra Civil y el franquismo: Representaciones literarias y visuales (Frankfurt am Main / Madrid: Vervuert– Iberoamericana). Lugares de memoria de la Guerra Civil y el franquismo: Representaciones literarias y visuales Google Scholar

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Azkarate, Izaro Arroita