British Journal of Canadian Studies

Great Britain and the Nova Scotian Confederate and Repeal movements, 1864–9

British Journal of Canadian Studies (2018), 31, (2), 151–165.

Abstract

This article discusses how the desire to maintain the connection to the ‘mother country’ contributed to the outcome of the movements for and against Confederation in Nova Scotia. In the 1860s, no opinion polls were conducted, but newspapers were the major arena of distributing news and expressing views. They offer an important insight into the opinions of Nova Scotians towards Confederation during the critical time when they bitterly debated about remaining or leaving the Dominion of Canada. Moreover, they illustrate views about the risk of breaking their affiliation with the ‘mother country’in order to achieve the repeal of their admission into the Dominion of Canada.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

References

Acadian Recorder, 21 September 1867, ‘The Interests of Nova Scotia To-Day’, 2. Google Scholar

Acadian Recorder, 21 September 1867, ‘The Well Understood Wishes of the People’, 2. Google Scholar

Acadian Recorder, 4 November 1867, ‘The Fraud with Federation’, 2. Google Scholar

Ajzenstat, Janet, Paul Romney, Ian Gentles, and William D. Gairdner (eds), 1999, Canada’s Founding Debates (Toronto: Stoddart Publishing). Google Scholar

Beck, James M., 1957, The Government of Nova Scotia (Toronto: University of Toronto Press). Google Scholar

Beck, James M., 1968, Joseph Howe Anti-Confederate, 2nd ed. (Ottawa: The Canadian Historical Association Booklets, 17). Google Scholar

Beck, James M., 1983, Joseph Howe: The Briton becomes Canadian, 1848–1873, Vol. 2 (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press). Google Scholar

British Colonist, 4 January 1865, ‘The Confederation Discussions’, 2. Google Scholar

British Colonist, 28 February 1865, ‘Mr. Howe and Mr. Tupper’, 2. Google Scholar

British Colonist, 5 April 1866, ‘Important Discussion on Confederation’, 2. Google Scholar

British Colonist, 2 May 1867, ‘Union Meeting on Tuesday Night: P. C. Hill’, 1. Google Scholar

Buckner, Phillip, 1990, ‘The Maritimes and Confederation: A Reassessment’, in Ged Martin (ed.), The Causes of Canadian Confederation (Fredericton: Acadiensis Press), 86–113. Google Scholar

Buckner, Phillip, 2017, ‘Beware the Canadian Wolf: The Maritimes and Confederation’, Acadiensis, 46:2 (Summer/Autumn), 177–95. Google Scholar

Burpee, Lawrence J., 1917, ‘Joseph Howe and the Anti-Confederation League’, Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 10:2–3, 409–73. Google Scholar

Creighton, Donald, 2012, The Road to Confederation: The Emergence of Canada, 1863–1867, (Don Mills: Oxford University Press). Google Scholar

Creighton, Donald, 14 November 1868, ‘Correspondence: My Dear Robertson’ (Author: Joseph Howe), 2. Google Scholar

Eamon, Michael, 2015, Imprinting Britain: Newspapers, Sociability and the Shaping of British North America (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press). Google Scholar

Elliott, Shirley B., 1984, Nova Scotia. The Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia, 1758–1983: A Biographical Directory (Halifax: Province of Nova Scotia). Google Scholar

Forbes, Ernest R., 1983, Aspects of Maritime Regionalism, 1867–1927 (Ottawa: The Canadian Historical Association Booklets, 36). Google Scholar

House of Assembly, Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly of the Province of Nova Scotia, Session 1865. Google Scholar

House of Assembly, Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly of the Province of Nova Scotia, Session 1866. Google Scholar

House of Assembly, Journal and Proceedings of the House of Assembly of the Province of Nova Scotia, Session 1868. Google Scholar

Martin, Ged, 1995, Britain and the Origins of Canadian Confederation 1837–67 (Houndmills: MacMillan Press). Google Scholar

Moore, Christopher, 1997, 1867: How the Fathers made a Deal (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart). Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 24 December 1864, ‘Anti-Federation Meeting’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 3 February 1865, ‘The Botheration Scheme – No. 9’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 9 April 1866, ‘The Situation’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 12 April 1866, ‘Have We Traitors in Our Midst?’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 12 July 1867, ‘Nova Scotia and the “Birthday”’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 20 September 1867, ‘We Need Not to Tell’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 26 September 1867, ‘Retrospective’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 17 January 1868, ‘The Repeal Meeting at Temperance Hall: Hon. Mr. Howe’s Speech’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 27 July 1868, ‘Loyalty’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 7 August 1868, ‘Courage’, 2. Google Scholar

Morning Chronicle, 14 November 1868, ‘Correspondence: My Dear Robertson’ (Author: Joseph Howe), 2. Google Scholar

Muise, Delphin, 1993, ‘The 1860s: Forging the Bonds of Union’, in Ernest Forbes, Delphin Muise (eds), The Atlantic Provinces in Confederation (Toronto: University of Toronto Press), pp. 13–47. Google Scholar

Muise, Delphin, 1968, ‘The Federal Election of 1867 in Nova Scotia: An Economic Interpretation’, Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical Society, 36, 327–51. Google Scholar

Pryke, Kenneth, 1979, Nova Scotia and Confederation, 1864–1874 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press). Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 27 January 1865, ‘To the Young Men of Nova Scotia’, 2. Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 24 March 1865, ‘Our Contemporary the Chronicle’, 2. Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 18 July 1866, ‘Our Policy’, 2. Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 7 September 1866, ‘Worth Remembering – Anti-Confederates – True Annexationists’, 2. Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 20 September 1867, ‘The Elections’, 2. Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 6 July 1868, ‘Debate on the Nova Scotia Petition’, 2. Google Scholar

Unionist and Halifax Journal, 29 July 1868, ‘Confederation: The Policy of the British Government’, 2. Google Scholar

Waite, Peter, 2001, The Life and Times of Confederation 1864–1867: Politics, Newspapers and the Union of British North America, 2nd ed. (Toronto: Robin Brass Studio). Google Scholar

Warner, Donald F., 1947, ‘The Post-Confederation Annexation Movement in Nova Scotia’, Canadian Historical Review, 28:2, 156–65. Google Scholar

Yarmouth Herald, 30 July 1868, ‘Public Meeting’, 2. Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Rodorff, Mathias