HEALTH CARE CHAPLAINCY: A REFLECTION ON MODELS
9. For suggestive complementary approaches for 'spiritual discernment' from other disciplines of organisational analysis see e.g., C. Handy, Gods ofManagement (Arrow, 1995); S.
Fineman (ed.), Emotion in Organizations (Sage, 1993); R. de Board, The Psychoanalysis of
Organizations (London: Routledge, 1990); L. Hirschorn, TIe Workplace Within (Massachusetts: MIT, 1988); A. Obholzer and V. Zagier Roberts, (eds.), TIe Unconscious at Work
(London: Routledge, 1994); I. Menzies Lyth, Containing Anxiety in Institutions (Free Association Books, 1988).
10. Morgan's work on discovering the operant images and metaphors prevalent in organisations relates here. See G. Morgan, Images ofOrganisation (Sage, 1986); Imaginiration (Sage,
11. Compare Y. Gabriel, 'On organizational stories and myths: why it is easier to slay a
dragon than to kill a myth', Intemational Sociology 6, 1991, pp. 427-42.
12. For recent theological critique of the mythos and religion surrounding capitalism and its
effects see P. Selby, Grace andMortgage (London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1997).
13. See further, e.g., G. Cleverly, Manager andMagic(London: Longman, 1971).
14. See, e.g., P. Berger, TIe Social Reality ofReligion (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1973).
15. M. Weber, TIe Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (London: George Allen and
Unwin, 2nd ed., 1976), p. 104. Thanks to Elaine Graham for drawing my attention to
16. Weber, Protestant Ethic, p. 114.
17. Weber, Protestant Ethic, p. 115.
18. Weber, Protestant Ethic, p. 115.
19. For different versions of the history of the NHS see, e.g., N. Timmins, TIe Five Giants
(London: Fontana, 1996); R. Klein, TIe New Politics of the NHS (London: Longman,
20. M. Whipp, 'A healthy sense of vocation?', Contact 122, 1997, pp. 3-10.
21. S. Pattison, B. Malby and S. Manning, 'What are we here for?', Health Sennce Joumal1 08
(5.5.95), 1998, pp. 26-8.
22. For discussion of the importance of narratives for individual and corporate wellbeing
see]. McLeod, Narrative andPsychotherapy (Sage, 1997).
23. See further, e.g., S. Pattison, TIe Faith ofthe Managers (London: Cassell, 1997).
24. For the way in which organisations have taken on the characteristics associated with
individuals see, e.g., R. Fenn, The Secularization of Sin (Richmond, VA: Westminster/
John Knox, 1991).
25. For Handy as a spiritual guide see Pattison, Faith, ch. 9.
Stephen Pattison is Senior Lecturer in the Department qf Religious and Theological
Studies at Cardiff University.
Health Care Chaplaincy: A Reflection on
Health care chaplains are engaged in precarious work astride two very
different worlds - the Church and the National Health Service. Both worlds
bring to bear on chaplaincy particular concerns, pressures and questions.