The article summarizes the history of contact between the sculptors Auguste Rodin and Ivan Meštrović. It discusses the influence the French artist had on his Croatian colleague and considers Meštrović’s presence in French artistic circles, which significantly determined his creative output. His works in Paris, including those produced there in 1908–09, were shown at Parisian exhibitions, as well as at the Victoria and Albert Museum in 1915. He participated in the political group exhibition (Exposition des artistes Yugoslaves) in 1919 and, in 1933, a solo exhibition in Paris saw Meštrović acclaimed by French critics as one of the most eminent European artists, ‘now that Rodin and Bourdelle are dead’. From the early impact of Rodin’s work to the mature style of his neoclassical return to order of the 1920s and 1930s, Meštrović was confirmed as one of the finest representatives of the French school in Central Europe.