Music, Sound, and the Moving Image

‘Comparable to MTV – but Better’

The Impact of The Chart Show on British Music Video Culture, 1986–1998

Music, Sound, and the Moving Image (2017), 11, (1), 11–36.

Abstract

The Chart Show was a weekly UK TV programme showcasing music videos from the Media Research Information Bureau (MRIB) Network Chart and a range of independent and specialist pop music charts. It began broadcasting on Friday evenings on Channel 4 in April 1986 and ran for three series until September 1988. Its production company, Video Visuals, subsequently found a new home for The Chart Show with Yorkshire Television on ITV, where it went out on Saturday mornings between January 1989 and August 1998. What made the show unique in the British broadcasting context was that it was the first presenter-less pop chart programme that showcased popular music exclusively in video form. Beginning at a time when MTV was still unavailable in the UK, The Chart Show was innovatory in consolidating music video as the lingua franca of the pop singles market. Drawing on archival sources from Channel 4, and the trade and popular music presses, this article shows how The Chart Show helped shape the form of music video, contributed to its commercial status, boosted singles sales, and drove industry demand and production schedules. It argues that an appreciation of music video is dependent upon the historical specificity of its broadcast context.

This article was published open access under a CC BY license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

‘Comparable to MTV – but Better’

The Impact of The Chart Show on British Music Video Culture, 1986–1998

Abstract

The Chart Show was a weekly UK TV programme showcasing music videos from the Media Research Information Bureau (MRIB) Network Chart and a range of independent and specialist pop music charts. It began broadcasting on Friday evenings on Channel 4 in April 1986 and ran for three series until September 1988. Its production company, Video Visuals, subsequently found a new home for The Chart Show with Yorkshire Television on ITV, where it went out on Saturday mornings between January 1989 and August 1998. What made the show unique in the British broadcasting context was that it was the first presenter-less pop chart programme that showcased popular music exclusively in video form. Beginning at a time when MTV was still unavailable in the UK, The Chart Show was innovatory in consolidating music video as the lingua franca of the pop singles market. Drawing on archival sources from Channel 4, and the trade and popular music presses, this article shows how The Chart Show helped shape the form of music video, contributed to its commercial status, boosted singles sales, and drove industry demand and production schedules. It argues that an appreciation of music video is dependent upon the historical specificity of its broadcast context.

This article was published open access under a CC BY license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Allan, Blaine (1990) ‘Musical Cinema, Music Video, Music Television’, Film Quarterly, 43 (3), pp.2–14. Musical Cinema, Music Video, Music Television Film Quarterly 43 2 14 Google Scholar

Anon. (1986a) ‘Chart show for summer?’, Music Week, 8 March, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986b) ‘Fewer & better promo warning’, Music Week, 8 March, p.21. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986c) ‘TV hit by pop video storm’, Marketing, 17 April. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986d) ‘BPI kill the video star?’, Melody Maker, 24 May. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986e) ‘Hurll notes video clips’ value to TV broadcasting’, Music Week, 17 May, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986f) ‘Clip-row blackout definite’, Music Week, 7 June, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986g) ‘IRS resigns from BPI over video clip ban’, Music Week, 14 June, pp.1 & 4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986h) ‘Commissions lost as TV video ban hits producers’, Music Week, 14 June, p.6. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986i) ‘Closer To The Edit’, Melody Maker, 21 June. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986j) ‘Video Ban Kills Chart Show’, Sounds, 28 June. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986k) ‘Clip row latest – Chart Show off BBC deal imminent’, Music Week, 28 June, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986l) ‘Video Wars’, Melody Maker, 5 July, p.3. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986m) ‘YTV/BPI talk on clips fee’, Music Week, 26 July, p.6. Google Scholar

Anon. (1988a) ‘Chart Show moves to ITV “mainstream”’, Music Week, 29 October, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1988b) ‘Putting talent in the raw’, Music Week, 17 December, p.34. Google Scholar

Anon. (1988c) ‘It’s a video Christmas for music retailers’, Music Week, 24 December, pp.1 & 4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1989a) ‘Pluggers in fix over BBC/ITV videos dispute’, Music Week, 22 April, pp.1 & 4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1989b) ‘“Normal Service” resumes after BBC/ITV video row’, Music Week, 29 April, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1993a) ‘VPL “cut” may cost ITV more’, Music Week, 9 January, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1993b) ‘Chart Show relaunches with Twix’, Music Week, 3 April, p.3. Google Scholar

Anon. (1993c) ‘Setback for VPL in Chart Show row’, Music Week, 3 July, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1995) ‘More acts on Chart Show following VPL settlement’, Music Week, 11 March, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1996a) ‘ITV Chart Show Airplay’, Promo, February, p.11. Google Scholar

Anon. (1996b) ‘Contenders line up for Brits bonanza’, Promo, February, p.8. Google Scholar

Anon. (1996c) ‘Adding new ingredients to a winning formula’, Music Week, 18 May, pp.3–4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998a) ‘Survey affirms links between sales and promo video airplay’, Music Week, 24 January, p.6. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998b) ‘1997 Review’, Promo, January, p.24. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998c) ‘Macmillan leave Chart Show for secret TV project’, Promo, March, pp.4–5. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998d) ‘UK Airplay News: Everything Changes As Broadcasters Take Different Paths’, Promo, April, p.11. Google Scholar

Anon. (2006) ‘Profile – Keith Macmillan: True stories of a risk-taker’, Broadcast, 15 June. Google Scholar

Aufderheide, Pat (1986) ‘Music videos: The look of the sound’, Journal of Communication, 36 (1), pp.57–78. Music videos: The look of the sound Journal of Communication 36 57 78 Google Scholar

Auslander, Philip (1999) Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture. London and New York: Routledge. Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture Google Scholar

Austerlitz, Saul (2008) Money for Nothing: A History of the Music Video from the Beatles to the White Stripes. London and New York: Continuum. Money for Nothing: A History of the Music Video from the Beatles to the White Stripes Google Scholar

Banks, Jack (1996) ‘Music video cartel: A survey of anti-competitive practices by MTV and major record companies’, Popular Music and Society, 20 (2), pp.173–196. Music video cartel: A survey of anti-competitive practices by MTV and major record companies Popular Music and Society 20 173 196 Google Scholar

BARB (2016) Total weekly multi-channel summary. Available from: http://www.barb.co.uk/resources/multi-channel-viewing-summary-92-09-weekly/ (Accessed: 8 May 2016). Google Scholar

Bonner, Paul & Aston, Lesley (2003) Independent Television in Britain, Volume 6: New Developments in Independent Television, 1981–1992, Channel 4, TV-am, Cable and Satellite. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Independent Television in Britain, Volume 6: New Developments in Independent Television, 1981–1992, Channel 4, TV-am, Cable and Satellite Google Scholar

Beebe, Roger & Middleton, Jason (2007) Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cellphones. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cellphones Google Scholar

Channel 4 Press Packs (1986) ‘Programme highlights: 1986 week 18 page 40’, Available from: http://bufvc.ac.uk/tvandradio/c4pp/search/index.php/page/c4_pp_1986_18_0426_0502_040_proghigh (Accessed: 8 May 2016). Google Scholar

Channel 4 Press Release (1986) ‘Chart Show back on Channel 4’, 7 August, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. Google Scholar

Channel 4 Television (1986) Commissioning form for John Cummins 07/00104, 28 January, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. Google Scholar

Clark-Meads, Jeff (1995) ‘UK Video Row: It’s all over but the shouting’, Billboard, 18 March, 107 (11), p.46. UK Video Row: It’s all over but the shouting Billboard 107 46 Google Scholar

Clark-Meads, Jeff & Kingston, Mark (1995) ‘UK Court Action Against Collective Licenses Delayed’, Billboard, 11 March, 107 (10), p.4. UK Court Action Against Collective Licenses Delayed Billboard 107 4 Google Scholar

Ciani, Paul (1988) ‘TOTP gets its 25-year service’, Music Week, 24 December, p.4. TOTP gets its 25-year service Music Week 4 Google Scholar

Cummins, John (1986) Memo to Colin Leventhal, 20 June, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. The Chart Show Google Scholar

Davey, Philip (1998) ‘Music TV Wars’, Promo, March, p.26. Music TV Wars Promo 26 Google Scholar

Davies, Mike (1988) ‘The Chart Show’, For The Record, March/April. The Chart Show For The Record Google Scholar

Delmont, Matt & Forman, Murray (2013) ‘Sonic Visions: Popular Music on Television’, Journal of Popular Music Studies, 25 (3), pp.293–300. Sonic Visions: Popular Music on Television Journal of Popular Music Studies 25 293 300 Google Scholar

Eade, Catherine (1996) ‘Chart Show set for “gutsy” new image’, Music Week, 4 May, p.1. Chart Show set for “gutsy” new image Music Week 1 Google Scholar

Fiske, John (1986) ‘MTV: post-structural post-modern’, Journal of Communication Inquiry, 10 (1), pp.74–79. MTV: post-structural post-modern Journal of Communication Inquiry 10 74 79 Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (1993) ‘Youth/Music/Television’. In: Frith, Simon, Goodwin, Andrew & Grossberg, Lawrence (eds). Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 67–84. Youth/Music/Television Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader 67 84 Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (1996) Performing Rites: Evaluating Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Performing Rites: Evaluating Popular Music Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (2002) ‘Look! Hear! The Uneasy Relationship of Music and Television’, Popular Music, 21 (3), pp.277–290. Look! Hear! The Uneasy Relationship of Music and Television Popular Music 21 277 290 Google Scholar

Goodwin, Andrew (1992) Dancing in the Distraction Factory: Music Television and Popular Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Dancing in the Distraction Factory: Music Television and Popular Culture Google Scholar

Goodwin, Andrew (1993) ‘Fatal Distractions: MTV Meets Postmodern Theory’. In: Frith, Simon, Goodwin, Andrew, & Grossberg, Lawrence (eds). Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader. London and New York: Routledge, pp.45–66. Fatal Distractions: MTV Meets Postmodern Theory Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader 45 66 Google Scholar

Griffen, S. (1986) ‘Free pop videos row bursts’, Broadcast, 6 June, p.3. Free pop videos row bursts Broadcast 3 Google Scholar

Huq, Rupa (2010) ‘Indie on the Box: The Contribution of Television to UK Independent Music from C86 to Britpop’. In: Inglis, Ian (ed.). Popular Music and Television in Britain, Farnham: Ashgate, pp.105–121. Indie on the Box: The Contribution of Television to UK Independent Music from C86 to Britpop Popular Music and Television in Britain 105 121 Google Scholar

Inglis, Ian (2010) Popular Music and Television in Britain. Farnham: Ashgate. Popular Music and Television in Britain Google Scholar

Jones, Steve (2005) ‘MTV: The Medium was the Message’, Critical Studies in Media Communication, 22 (1), pp.83–88. MTV: The Medium was the Message Critical Studies in Media Communication 22 83 88 Google Scholar

Kaplan, E. Ann (1987) Rocking Around the Clock: Music Television, Postmodernism and Consumer Culture. New York & London: Routledge. Rocking Around the Clock: Music Television, Postmodernism and Consumer Culture Google Scholar

Knight, David (1996a) ‘Chart Show: Going Live For Its 10th Birthday’, Promo, April, p.15. Chart Show: Going Live For Its 10th Birthday Promo 15 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1996b) ‘Is The Chart Show the most important thing in your life?’, Promo, April, p.16. Is The Chart Show the most important thing in your life? Promo 16 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1996c) ‘MTV UK? Anything’s Possible Apparently’, Promo, December, p.13. MTV UK? Anything’s Possible Apparently Promo 13 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1997) ‘Chart Show and Credibility’, Promo, January, p.23. Chart Show and Credibility Promo 23 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1998a) ‘Music TV Wars’, Promo, March, p.26. Music TV Wars Promo 26 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1998b) ‘The Final Cut – Life After The Chart Show’, Music Week, 22 August, p.6. The Final Cut – Life After The Chart Show Music Week 6 Google Scholar

Laing, Dave (1988) ‘Playing the small-market high-cost video gamble’, Music Week, 1 October, p.23. Playing the small-market high-cost video gamble Music Week 23 Google Scholar

McCready, John (1987) ‘The State of Pop TV’. New Musical Express, 12 December. The State of Pop TV New Musical Express Google Scholar

Mills, Peter (2012) Media and Popular Music. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Media and Popular Music Google Scholar

Mundy, John (1999) Popular Music on Screen. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Popular Music on Screen Google Scholar

Webb, Selina (1989a) ‘Cliché-ridden dross?’, Music Week, 7 January, p.6. Cliché-ridden dross? Music Week 6 Google Scholar

Webb, Selina (1989b) ‘Video producers: shooting out for a slice of the promo profits’, Music Week, 21 January, p.6. Video producers: shooting out for a slice of the promo profits Music Week 6 Google Scholar

Webb, Selina (1989c) ‘Showing the charts in a brighter light’, Music Week, 1 April, p.28. Showing the charts in a brighter light Music Week 28 Google Scholar

Wohrle, Mike (1986) ‘Record trade demands pop video payments’, Media Week, 11 April. Record trade demands pop video payments Media Week Google Scholar

Wollen, Peter (1986) ‘Ways of thinking about music video (and post-modernism)’, Critical Quarterly, 28 (1–2), pp.167–170. Ways of thinking about music video (and post-modernism) Critical Quarterly 28 167 170 Google Scholar

Sinclair, Jill (1986) Letter to John Cummins, 17 January, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. The Chart Show Google Scholar

Sweeting, Adam (1988) The Guardian, 29 February. Press Cutting, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. The Guardian Google Scholar

Allan, Blaine (1990) ‘Musical Cinema, Music Video, Music Television’, Film Quarterly, 43 (3), pp.2–14. Musical Cinema, Music Video, Music Television Film Quarterly 43 2 14 Google Scholar

Anon. (1986a) ‘Chart show for summer?’, Music Week, 8 March, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986b) ‘Fewer & better promo warning’, Music Week, 8 March, p.21. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986c) ‘TV hit by pop video storm’, Marketing, 17 April. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986d) ‘BPI kill the video star?’, Melody Maker, 24 May. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986e) ‘Hurll notes video clips’ value to TV broadcasting’, Music Week, 17 May, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986f) ‘Clip-row blackout definite’, Music Week, 7 June, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986g) ‘IRS resigns from BPI over video clip ban’, Music Week, 14 June, pp.1 & 4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986h) ‘Commissions lost as TV video ban hits producers’, Music Week, 14 June, p.6. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986i) ‘Closer To The Edit’, Melody Maker, 21 June. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986j) ‘Video Ban Kills Chart Show’, Sounds, 28 June. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986k) ‘Clip row latest – Chart Show off BBC deal imminent’, Music Week, 28 June, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986l) ‘Video Wars’, Melody Maker, 5 July, p.3. Google Scholar

Anon. (1986m) ‘YTV/BPI talk on clips fee’, Music Week, 26 July, p.6. Google Scholar

Anon. (1988a) ‘Chart Show moves to ITV “mainstream”’, Music Week, 29 October, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1988b) ‘Putting talent in the raw’, Music Week, 17 December, p.34. Google Scholar

Anon. (1988c) ‘It’s a video Christmas for music retailers’, Music Week, 24 December, pp.1 & 4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1989a) ‘Pluggers in fix over BBC/ITV videos dispute’, Music Week, 22 April, pp.1 & 4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1989b) ‘“Normal Service” resumes after BBC/ITV video row’, Music Week, 29 April, p.4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1993a) ‘VPL “cut” may cost ITV more’, Music Week, 9 January, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1993b) ‘Chart Show relaunches with Twix’, Music Week, 3 April, p.3. Google Scholar

Anon. (1993c) ‘Setback for VPL in Chart Show row’, Music Week, 3 July, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1995) ‘More acts on Chart Show following VPL settlement’, Music Week, 11 March, p.1. Google Scholar

Anon. (1996a) ‘ITV Chart Show Airplay’, Promo, February, p.11. Google Scholar

Anon. (1996b) ‘Contenders line up for Brits bonanza’, Promo, February, p.8. Google Scholar

Anon. (1996c) ‘Adding new ingredients to a winning formula’, Music Week, 18 May, pp.3–4. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998a) ‘Survey affirms links between sales and promo video airplay’, Music Week, 24 January, p.6. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998b) ‘1997 Review’, Promo, January, p.24. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998c) ‘Macmillan leave Chart Show for secret TV project’, Promo, March, pp.4–5. Google Scholar

Anon. (1998d) ‘UK Airplay News: Everything Changes As Broadcasters Take Different Paths’, Promo, April, p.11. Google Scholar

Anon. (2006) ‘Profile – Keith Macmillan: True stories of a risk-taker’, Broadcast, 15 June. Google Scholar

Aufderheide, Pat (1986) ‘Music videos: The look of the sound’, Journal of Communication, 36 (1), pp.57–78. Music videos: The look of the sound Journal of Communication 36 57 78 Google Scholar

Auslander, Philip (1999) Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture. London and New York: Routledge. Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture Google Scholar

Austerlitz, Saul (2008) Money for Nothing: A History of the Music Video from the Beatles to the White Stripes. London and New York: Continuum. Money for Nothing: A History of the Music Video from the Beatles to the White Stripes Google Scholar

Banks, Jack (1996) ‘Music video cartel: A survey of anti-competitive practices by MTV and major record companies’, Popular Music and Society, 20 (2), pp.173–196. Music video cartel: A survey of anti-competitive practices by MTV and major record companies Popular Music and Society 20 173 196 Google Scholar

BARB (2016) Total weekly multi-channel summary. Available from: http://www.barb.co.uk/resources/multi-channel-viewing-summary-92-09-weekly/ (Accessed: 8 May 2016). Google Scholar

Bonner, Paul & Aston, Lesley (2003) Independent Television in Britain, Volume 6: New Developments in Independent Television, 1981–1992, Channel 4, TV-am, Cable and Satellite. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Independent Television in Britain, Volume 6: New Developments in Independent Television, 1981–1992, Channel 4, TV-am, Cable and Satellite Google Scholar

Beebe, Roger & Middleton, Jason (2007) Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cellphones. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Medium Cool: Music Videos from Soundies to Cellphones Google Scholar

Channel 4 Press Packs (1986) ‘Programme highlights: 1986 week 18 page 40’, Available from: http://bufvc.ac.uk/tvandradio/c4pp/search/index.php/page/c4_pp_1986_18_0426_0502_040_proghigh (Accessed: 8 May 2016). Google Scholar

Channel 4 Press Release (1986) ‘Chart Show back on Channel 4’, 7 August, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. Google Scholar

Channel 4 Television (1986) Commissioning form for John Cummins 07/00104, 28 January, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. Google Scholar

Clark-Meads, Jeff (1995) ‘UK Video Row: It’s all over but the shouting’, Billboard, 18 March, 107 (11), p.46. UK Video Row: It’s all over but the shouting Billboard 107 46 Google Scholar

Clark-Meads, Jeff & Kingston, Mark (1995) ‘UK Court Action Against Collective Licenses Delayed’, Billboard, 11 March, 107 (10), p.4. UK Court Action Against Collective Licenses Delayed Billboard 107 4 Google Scholar

Ciani, Paul (1988) ‘TOTP gets its 25-year service’, Music Week, 24 December, p.4. TOTP gets its 25-year service Music Week 4 Google Scholar

Cummins, John (1986) Memo to Colin Leventhal, 20 June, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. The Chart Show Google Scholar

Davey, Philip (1998) ‘Music TV Wars’, Promo, March, p.26. Music TV Wars Promo 26 Google Scholar

Davies, Mike (1988) ‘The Chart Show’, For The Record, March/April. The Chart Show For The Record Google Scholar

Delmont, Matt & Forman, Murray (2013) ‘Sonic Visions: Popular Music on Television’, Journal of Popular Music Studies, 25 (3), pp.293–300. Sonic Visions: Popular Music on Television Journal of Popular Music Studies 25 293 300 Google Scholar

Eade, Catherine (1996) ‘Chart Show set for “gutsy” new image’, Music Week, 4 May, p.1. Chart Show set for “gutsy” new image Music Week 1 Google Scholar

Fiske, John (1986) ‘MTV: post-structural post-modern’, Journal of Communication Inquiry, 10 (1), pp.74–79. MTV: post-structural post-modern Journal of Communication Inquiry 10 74 79 Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (1993) ‘Youth/Music/Television’. In: Frith, Simon, Goodwin, Andrew & Grossberg, Lawrence (eds). Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 67–84. Youth/Music/Television Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader 67 84 Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (1996) Performing Rites: Evaluating Popular Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Performing Rites: Evaluating Popular Music Google Scholar

Frith, Simon (2002) ‘Look! Hear! The Uneasy Relationship of Music and Television’, Popular Music, 21 (3), pp.277–290. Look! Hear! The Uneasy Relationship of Music and Television Popular Music 21 277 290 Google Scholar

Goodwin, Andrew (1992) Dancing in the Distraction Factory: Music Television and Popular Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Dancing in the Distraction Factory: Music Television and Popular Culture Google Scholar

Goodwin, Andrew (1993) ‘Fatal Distractions: MTV Meets Postmodern Theory’. In: Frith, Simon, Goodwin, Andrew, & Grossberg, Lawrence (eds). Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader. London and New York: Routledge, pp.45–66. Fatal Distractions: MTV Meets Postmodern Theory Sound & Vision: The Music Video Reader 45 66 Google Scholar

Griffen, S. (1986) ‘Free pop videos row bursts’, Broadcast, 6 June, p.3. Free pop videos row bursts Broadcast 3 Google Scholar

Huq, Rupa (2010) ‘Indie on the Box: The Contribution of Television to UK Independent Music from C86 to Britpop’. In: Inglis, Ian (ed.). Popular Music and Television in Britain, Farnham: Ashgate, pp.105–121. Indie on the Box: The Contribution of Television to UK Independent Music from C86 to Britpop Popular Music and Television in Britain 105 121 Google Scholar

Inglis, Ian (2010) Popular Music and Television in Britain. Farnham: Ashgate. Popular Music and Television in Britain Google Scholar

Jones, Steve (2005) ‘MTV: The Medium was the Message’, Critical Studies in Media Communication, 22 (1), pp.83–88. MTV: The Medium was the Message Critical Studies in Media Communication 22 83 88 Google Scholar

Kaplan, E. Ann (1987) Rocking Around the Clock: Music Television, Postmodernism and Consumer Culture. New York & London: Routledge. Rocking Around the Clock: Music Television, Postmodernism and Consumer Culture Google Scholar

Knight, David (1996a) ‘Chart Show: Going Live For Its 10th Birthday’, Promo, April, p.15. Chart Show: Going Live For Its 10th Birthday Promo 15 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1996b) ‘Is The Chart Show the most important thing in your life?’, Promo, April, p.16. Is The Chart Show the most important thing in your life? Promo 16 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1996c) ‘MTV UK? Anything’s Possible Apparently’, Promo, December, p.13. MTV UK? Anything’s Possible Apparently Promo 13 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1997) ‘Chart Show and Credibility’, Promo, January, p.23. Chart Show and Credibility Promo 23 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1998a) ‘Music TV Wars’, Promo, March, p.26. Music TV Wars Promo 26 Google Scholar

Knight, David (1998b) ‘The Final Cut – Life After The Chart Show’, Music Week, 22 August, p.6. The Final Cut – Life After The Chart Show Music Week 6 Google Scholar

Laing, Dave (1988) ‘Playing the small-market high-cost video gamble’, Music Week, 1 October, p.23. Playing the small-market high-cost video gamble Music Week 23 Google Scholar

McCready, John (1987) ‘The State of Pop TV’. New Musical Express, 12 December. The State of Pop TV New Musical Express Google Scholar

Mills, Peter (2012) Media and Popular Music. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Media and Popular Music Google Scholar

Mundy, John (1999) Popular Music on Screen. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Popular Music on Screen Google Scholar

Webb, Selina (1989a) ‘Cliché-ridden dross?’, Music Week, 7 January, p.6. Cliché-ridden dross? Music Week 6 Google Scholar

Webb, Selina (1989b) ‘Video producers: shooting out for a slice of the promo profits’, Music Week, 21 January, p.6. Video producers: shooting out for a slice of the promo profits Music Week 6 Google Scholar

Webb, Selina (1989c) ‘Showing the charts in a brighter light’, Music Week, 1 April, p.28. Showing the charts in a brighter light Music Week 28 Google Scholar

Wohrle, Mike (1986) ‘Record trade demands pop video payments’, Media Week, 11 April. Record trade demands pop video payments Media Week Google Scholar

Wollen, Peter (1986) ‘Ways of thinking about music video (and post-modernism)’, Critical Quarterly, 28 (1–2), pp.167–170. Ways of thinking about music video (and post-modernism) Critical Quarterly 28 167 170 Google Scholar

Sinclair, Jill (1986) Letter to John Cummins, 17 January, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. The Chart Show Google Scholar

Sweeting, Adam (1988) The Guardian, 29 February. Press Cutting, The Chart Show file, Channel 4 Television Archives. The Guardian Google Scholar


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Author details

Smith, Justin