Labour History Review

Pauper apprenticeship and the Grimsby fishing industry, 1870 to 1914

Labour History Review (1996), 61, (2), 173–194.

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Charles More, Skill and the English Working Class, 1870-1914, 1980, pp. 41, 43-4. Google Scholar

Report by Mr A. D. Berrington and Mr J. S. Davy on an Investigation of the Fishing Apprenticeship System, Parliamentary Papers (P. P.), 1894, vol. LXIX, pp. 4-5. Hereafter cited as 1894 Report. Google Scholar

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1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Evidence of James Plastow, p. 67, Q.2538. At this date Plastow was in his early forties. The 1881 census shows him living with a wife, six children, a young nursemaid and two fishermen boarders, one of them an apprentice. RG. 11.3268 at Public Record Office (PRO). Google Scholar

1871 census for Great Grimsby, R. G.10.3411-3414 at PRO. 1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Evidence of Henry Smethurst, p. 37, Q.2239-2241. Edward Drury, The Great Grimsby Story, Book 4, Fishing - Our Heritage, Grimsby, 1993, p. 181. Google Scholar

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David Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices of Grimsby, Grimsby, 1974, p. 25. Google Scholar

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1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Evidence of Thomas Salmond, p. 53, Q.2100 and 2106. Baldwyn Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices to the Grimsby Fishing Trade, Local Government Board Report, 19 June 1873, pp. 2-3, at Grimsby Public Library. Google Scholar

Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices, p. 1. Google Scholar

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Report on Béthnal Green union apprentices in Grimsby in Bethnal Green Poor Law Union Minute Book, 1873, BE/BG.37, p. 263 at GLRO. Select Committee on the Merchant Seaman Bill, P. P. 1878, vol. XVI, Evidence of Edward Bannister, p. 267, Q.5462. Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices suggested a total of 2,000 in 1873 (p. 21). Google Scholar

1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Evidence of Job Waldram, p. 61, Q.2379 and 2383. Google Scholar

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London Figaro, 15 February 1873. Google Scholar

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Hansard, Third Series, vol. CCXIV (6 Feb.-21 March 1873), col. 1391. Google Scholar

Hansard, Third Series, vol. CCXIV, col. 1392. Google Scholar

Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices, p. 26. Google Scholar

Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices, pp. 46-7. Google Scholar

1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Evidence of Henry N. Malan, p. 56, Q.2204. Google Scholar

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Select Committee on the Merchant Seaman Bill, Evidence of Major Edward Mackay, p. 285, Q.5870 and 5871. Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices, p. 41. Google Scholar

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1894 Report, p. 11. Google Scholar

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1891 census for Great Grimsby, R. G.12.2616 and 1894 Report, p. 7. The North Sea Steam Trawling Company had a home for sixty boys, with twelve in residence in 1891. Google Scholar

1894 Report, p. 7. Google Scholar

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1894 Report, p. 8. Google Scholar

Thomas Porteous to A. D. Berrington, Assistant Secretary, Board of Trade, 7 December 1894, in MAF.12.14 at PRO. Board of Trade to the Superintendent of the Mercantile Marine Office, Grimsby, 6 February 1895, in P. P. 1895, vol. LXXXVII, p. 4, concerning Fishing Apprentices. Google Scholar

Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices, p. 12. Google Scholar

Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices, pp. 12-13. Google Scholar

Fleming, Treatment of Pauper Apprentices, p. 14. Google Scholar

Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices, p. 86. Google Scholar

Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices, p. 65. Google Scholar

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Grimsby Observer and Humber News, 26 January 1876. Google Scholar

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1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Evidence of Isaac Miller, p. 38, Q.1585 and 1599. Google Scholar

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Calculated from Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices, p. 43. Google Scholar

1882 Sea Fishing Trade Committee Report, Appendix No. 47, p. 235. Numbers rose from 229 per annum recruited in 1868 and 231 per annum in 1869 to 534 per annum in 1876 and 576 per annum in 1877. Over the eleven years 1868 to 1878 inclusive, 4,277 apprentices were bound to the Grimsby Fishing Trade. Google Scholar

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Grimsby Observer, 26 December 1901. The fact that there had been a major dispute in the Grimsby fishing industry between owners and adult fishermen over pay earlier in 1901 may have contributed to this. E. G. Aflalo, The Sea-Fishing Industry of England and Wales, 1904, pp. 244-9. Google Scholar

Grimsby Observer, 11 May 1892. Google Scholar

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Calculated from Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices, p. 41. Google Scholar

Boswell, Sea Fishing Apprentices, p. 142. Google Scholar

Third Report of the Inspectors on Sea Fisheries (England and Wales) for 1888, P. P. 1889, vol. XXII, p. 20. Google Scholar

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Horn, Pamela