Labour History Review

Blackshirts, Knuckle-Dusters and Lawyers: Documentary Essay on the Mosley versus Marchbanks Papers

Labour History Review (2000), 65, (1), 41–58.

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The focus on political violence is evident in the standard texts on the BUF. See Colin Cross, The Fascists in Britain, London, 1961; Robert Benewick, The Fascist Movement in Britain, London, 1972; Robert Skidelsky, Oswald Mosley, London, 1975; Richard Thurlow, Fascism in Britain: A History 1918-1985, Oxford, 1987; and David Lewis, Illusions of Grandeur: Mosley, Fascism & British Society, Manchester, 1987 The Fascists in Britain Google Scholar

See, for example, Thurlow, Fascism in Britain; Lewis, Illusions of Grandeur, and Lineham, East End for Mosley: The British Union of Fascists in East London and South-West Essex 1933-40, London, 1996 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Daily Telegraph, 16 July 1934; The Times, Law Reports, 4-6 February 1936 Google Scholar

Cross, The Fascists in Britain, pp. 145-6. Also Benewick, The Fascist Movement. Google Scholar

Charles Dolan, Mosley Exposed, London, n.d., c.1934 Mosley Exposed Google Scholar

Oswald Mosley, The Greater Britain, London, 1932, pp. 35-9, and Fascism: 100 Questions Asked and Answered, London, 1934, pp. 63 and 69 The Greater Britain 35 9 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

See Benewick, The Fascist Movement, pp. 84-9; Skidelsky, Oswald Mosley, pp. 353-4. Also the collection of newspaper cuttings in MSS127/NU/GS/3/5C Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

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On McGuirk Hughes and his activities see J. Hope, ‘Fascism, the Security Services and the Curious Careers of Maxwell Knight and James McGuirk Hughes’, Lobster, no. 22, 1991, pp. 3-4 ‘Fascism, the Security Services and the Curious Careers of Maxwell Knight and James McGuirk Hughes’ Lobster 3 4 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

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See United Against Fascism, TUC General Council, 1934 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

United Against Fascism, TUC General Council, 1934, p. 27. The TUC's involvement in the lobbying campaign can be followed in HO144/20140 and HO144/20141 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Cross, The Fascists in Britain; Benewick, The Fascist Movement in Britain; Lebzelter, Political Anti-Semitism. Google Scholar

Skidelsky, Oswald Mosley, London, 1975 Google Scholar

See, for example, S. Cullen, ‘Political Violence: the Case of the British Union of Fascists’, Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 28, no. 2, 1993, pp. 245-67. (Skidelsky also implies this citing Mosley as his source.) ‘Political Violence: the Case of the British Union of Fascists’ Journal of Contemporary History 28 245 67 Google Scholar

John Stevenson, ‘The BUF, the Metropolitan Police and Public Order’, in K. Lunn and R. Thurlow (eds), British Fascism: Essays on the Radical Right in Inter-War Britain, London, 1980, pp. 135-49; Holmes, Anti-Semitism and British Society; Thurlow, Fascism in Britain; Lineham, East End for Mosley. British Fascism: Essays on the Radical Right in Inter-War Britain 135 49 Google Scholar

A comprehensive study of such attitudes and consequent behaviour can be found in Jane Morgan, Conflict and Control, Oxford, 1987, chapters 7 and 8 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

See, for example, Blackshirt, 6 June 1933, 15 September 1933 and 19 January 1934 Google Scholar

Nigel Todd, In Excited Times: The People Against the Blackshirts, Whidey Bay, 1995; Dave Renton, Redshirts and Black: Fascists and Anti-Fascists in Oxford, Oxford, 1996 In Excited Times: The People Against the Blackshirts Google Scholar

The focus on political violence is evident in the standard texts on the BUF. See Colin Cross, The Fascists in Britain, London, 1961; Robert Benewick, The Fascist Movement in Britain, London, 1972; Robert Skidelsky, Oswald Mosley, London, 1975; Richard Thurlow, Fascism in Britain: A History 1918-1985, Oxford, 1987; and David Lewis, Illusions of Grandeur: Mosley, Fascism & British Society, Manchester, 1987 The Fascists in Britain Google Scholar

See, for example, Thurlow, Fascism in Britain; Lewis, Illusions of Grandeur, and Lineham, East End for Mosley: The British Union of Fascists in East London and South-West Essex 1933-40, London, 1996 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Daily Telegraph, 16 July 1934; The Times, Law Reports, 4-6 February 1936 Google Scholar

Cross, The Fascists in Britain, pp. 145-6. Also Benewick, The Fascist Movement. Google Scholar

Charles Dolan, Mosley Exposed, London, n.d., c.1934 Mosley Exposed Google Scholar

Oswald Mosley, The Greater Britain, London, 1932, pp. 35-9, and Fascism: 100 Questions Asked and Answered, London, 1934, pp. 63 and 69 The Greater Britain 35 9 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

See Benewick, The Fascist Movement, pp. 84-9; Skidelsky, Oswald Mosley, pp. 353-4. Also the collection of newspaper cuttings in MSS127/NU/GS/3/5C Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

On McGuirk Hughes and his activities see J. Hope, ‘Fascism, the Security Services and the Curious Careers of Maxwell Knight and James McGuirk Hughes’, Lobster, no. 22, 1991, pp. 3-4 ‘Fascism, the Security Services and the Curious Careers of Maxwell Knight and James McGuirk Hughes’ Lobster 3 4 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

See United Against Fascism, TUC General Council, 1934 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

United Against Fascism, TUC General Council, 1934, p. 27. The TUC's involvement in the lobbying campaign can be followed in HO144/20140 and HO144/20141 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

Cross, The Fascists in Britain; Benewick, The Fascist Movement in Britain; Lebzelter, Political Anti-Semitism. Google Scholar

Skidelsky, Oswald Mosley, London, 1975 Google Scholar

See, for example, S. Cullen, ‘Political Violence: the Case of the British Union of Fascists’, Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 28, no. 2, 1993, pp. 245-67. (Skidelsky also implies this citing Mosley as his source.) ‘Political Violence: the Case of the British Union of Fascists’ Journal of Contemporary History 28 245 67 Google Scholar

John Stevenson, ‘The BUF, the Metropolitan Police and Public Order’, in K. Lunn and R. Thurlow (eds), British Fascism: Essays on the Radical Right in Inter-War Britain, London, 1980, pp. 135-49; Holmes, Anti-Semitism and British Society; Thurlow, Fascism in Britain; Lineham, East End for Mosley. British Fascism: Essays on the Radical Right in Inter-War Britain 135 49 Google Scholar

A comprehensive study of such attitudes and consequent behaviour can be found in Jane Morgan, Conflict and Control, Oxford, 1987, chapters 7 and 8 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

See, for example, Blackshirt, 6 June 1933, 15 September 1933 and 19 January 1934 Google Scholar

Nigel Todd, In Excited Times: The People Against the Blackshirts, Whidey Bay, 1995; Dave Renton, Redshirts and Black: Fascists and Anti-Fascists in Oxford, Oxford, 1996 In Excited Times: The People Against the Blackshirts Google Scholar

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Hope, John