Journal of Romance Studies

Of hippopotami and mad women

Cosmopolitanism debated in Paulina Chiziane’s João, o hipopótamo

Journal of Romance Studies (2019), 19, (3), 443–468.

Abstract

This article focuses on the short story ‘João, o hipopótamo’ [‘John, the hippopotamus’] (2012: 71–76) by Mozambican author Paulina Chiziane, which places the narration in Nampula thus invoking the realities of a predominantly Makua cultural group and the co-existence of different versions of Islam and matriliny. The main argument of this article is that by discussing gender identities and relations and invoking practices of legal pluralism observed in a context specifically located outside Maputo, the author unveils the problematic inherent in the construction of a national narrative as a cosmopolitan one built from above, which neglects to give equal value to different cultures.

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Works cited

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Arnfred, Signe (2014) Sexuality and Gender Politics in Mozambique: Rethinking Gender in Africa (Oxford: James Currey). Google Scholar

Arthur, Maria José, Teresa Cruz e Silva, Yolanda Sitoe, and Edson Mussa (2011) ‘Lei da Família (1): antecedentes e contextos da sua aprovação’, Outras Vozes 35/36. http://www.wlsa.org.mz/artigo/lei-da-familia-1-antecedentes-e-contextos/#Nota08 (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

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Bethencourt, Francisco (ed.) (2018) Cosmopolitanism in the Portuguese-Speaking World (Koninklijke Brill: Leiden). Google Scholar

Bhabha, Homi (2017) ‘Spectral sovereignty, vernacular cosmopolitans, and cosmopolitan memories’, in Cosmopolitanisms, ed. Bruce Robbins and Paulo Lemos Horta (New York: New York University Press), 141–152. Google Scholar

Bonate, Liazzat J.K. (2006) ‘Matriliny, Islam and gender in Northern Mozambique’, Journal of Religion in Africa 36: 139–166. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27594374?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Bonate, Liazzat J.K. (2010) ‘Islam in Northern Mozambique: A historical overview’, History Compass 8: 573–593. doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-0542.2010.00701.x. Google Scholar

Can, Nazir Ahmed (2016) ‘A Ilha de Moçambique na ficção de João Paulo Borges Coelho: tensões islâmicas, um pano encantado e os índicos indícios’, Todas as Musas 8: 2–12. http://www.todasasmusas.org/15Nazir_Ahmed.pdf (accessed 23 October 2019). Google Scholar

Chaves, Rita (2002) ‘A Ilha de Moçambique: entre as palavras e o silêncio’. Metamorfoses 1: 93–101. Google Scholar

Chiziane, Paulina (2008) O Alegre Canto da Perdiz (Lisboa: Caminho). Google Scholar

Chiziane, Paulina (2012) ‘João, o hipopótamo’, in A minha Maputo é…, ed. Vítor Gonçalves (Maputo: Minerva), 71–76. Google Scholar

Falconi, Jessica (2008) Utopia e conflittualità. Ilha de Moçambique nella poesia mozambicana contemporeanea (Roma: Aracne). Google Scholar

Falconi, Jessica (2013) ‘Para fazer um mar. Literatura moçambicana e Oceano Índico’, Diacrítica 27: 77–92. http://www.scielo.mec.pt/pdf/dia/v27n3/v27n3a06.pdf (accessed 20 August 2018). Google Scholar

Fernandes, Mário G., and Rui Mendes (2012) ‘“Dicotomias” urbanas em Moçambique: cidades de cimento e de caniço’, Livro de Atas da 2ª Conferência da Rede Portuguesa de Morfologia Urbana: Morfologia urbana nos países lusófonos: 1362–1379. https://sigarra.up.pt/flup/en/pub_geral.pub_view?pi_pub_base_id=102790&pi_pub_r1_id= (accessed 16 April 2019). Google Scholar

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Gonçalves, Vítor (ed.) (2012) A minha Maputo é… (Maputo: Minerva). Google Scholar

Gonçalves, Vítor (ed.) (2013) Minerva Central – 100 anos (Maputo: Minerva). Google Scholar

Grest, Jeremy (1995) ‘Urban management, local government reform and the democratisation process in Mozambique: Maputo city 1975–1990’, Journal of Southern African Studies 21: 147–164. doi.org/10.1080/03057079508708438. Google Scholar

Imprensa Nacional de Moçambique (2004) ‘Publicação Oficial da República de Moçambique: Suplemento’, Boletim da República, 25 August 2004. http://jafbase.fr/docAfrique/Mozambique/Lei%2010.2004%20-%20Lei%20da%20Familia.pdf (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

Jones-Pauly, Christina, with Abir Dajani Tuqan (2011) Women Under Islam: Gender Justice and the Politics of Islamic Law (New York: I.B. Tauris). Google Scholar

Kamete, Amin Y., and Ilda Lindell (2010) ‘The politics of “non-planning” interventions in African cities: Unravelling the international and local dimensions in Harare and Maputo’, Journal of Southern African Studies 36: 889–912. doi.org/10.1080/03057070.2010.527643. Google Scholar

Leite, Ana Mafalda, Sheila Khan, Jessica Falconi, and Kamila Krakowska (2014) ‘Interview with Paulina Chiziane’, in Speaking the Postcolonial Nation: Interviews with Writers from Angola and Mozambique (Oxford: Peter Lang), 199–220. Google Scholar

Meneses, Paula (2008) ‘Mulheres insubmissas? Mudanças e conflitos no norte de Moçambique’, Ex æquo 17: 71–87. https://estudogeral.sib.uc.pt/bitstream/10316/41886/1/Mulheres%20Insubmissas_Mudan%c3%a7as%20e%20conflitos%20no%20norte%20de%20Mo%c3%a7ambique.pdf (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Meneses, Paula, and Boaventura de Sousa Santos (2009) ‘Mozambique: the rise of a micro-dual state’, Africa Development 34: 129–166. dx.doi.org/10.4314/ad.v34i3-4.63532. Google Scholar

Newitt, Malyn (2004) ‘Mozambique Island: The rise and decline of an East African Coastal City, 1500–1700’, Portuguese Studies 20: 21–37. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41105216. Google Scholar

Osório, Conceição (2015) ‘Os ritos de iniciação: identidades femininas e masculinas e estruturas de poder’, paper read at a meeting with the CAFOD (Catholic Agency For Overseas Development; Catholic aid agency for England and Wales) partners, Maputo. http://www.wlsa.org.mz/artigo/ritos/ (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Osório, Conceição, and Ernesto Macuácua (2013) Ritos de iniciação no contexto actual. Ajustamentos, rupturas e confrontos. Construindo identidades de género (Maputo: WLSA Moçambique). Google Scholar

Patrício, Ana Marta Esteves (2016) ‘Dinâmicas do pluralismo jurídico em Moçambique: estudo de caso do distrito de Mossurize’ PhD diss., ISCTE. Google Scholar

Santos, Boaventura de Sousa (2006) ‘The heterogeneous state and legal pluralism in Mozambique’, Law & Society Review 40: 39–76. doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5893.2006.00258.x. Google Scholar

Secco, Carmen Lúcia Tindó (2012) ‘Revisitações poéticas e pictóricas da Ilha de Moçambique’, Revista Abril 5.9: 205–217. http://www.periodicos.uff.br/revistaabril/article/view/29711 (accessed 13 November 2019). Google Scholar

Sidaway, J.D., and M. Power (1995) ‘Sociospatial transformations in the “postsocialist” periphery: The case of Maputo, Mozambique’, Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 27: 1463–1491. doi.org/10.1068/a271463. Google Scholar

Aboim, Sofia (2008) ‘Masculinidades na encruzilhada: hegemonia, dominação e hibridismo em Maputo’, Análise Social XLIII: 2, 273–295. http://analisesocial.ics.ul.pt/documentos/1218639405O4lMH5tq8Xc60OD7.pdf (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

Aboim, Sofia (2009) ‘Men between worlds: Changing masculinities in urban Maputo’, Men and Masculinities 12.2: 201–224. doi.org/10.1177/1097184X07313360. Google Scholar

Appiah, Kwame Anthony (2007) Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers (London: Penguin). Google Scholar

Araújo, Sara (2005) ‘Pluralismo jurídico e emancipação social: instâncias comunitárias de resolução de conflitos em Moçambique’, paper read at the XIth CODESRIA General Assembly, Maputo, 6–10 December 2005. https://www.codesria.org/spip.php?article714&lang=en (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Araújo, Sara (2008) ‘Pluralismo jurídico em Moçambique. Uma Realidade em Movimento’, Revista Sociologia Jurídica 6: 106–126. https://estudogeral.sib.uc.pt/bitstream/10316/42709/1/Pluralismo%20jur%c3%addico%20em%20Mo%c3%a7ambique_Uma%20realidade%20em%20movimento.pdf (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

Arnaldo, Carlos (2004) ‘Ethnicity and marriage patterns in Mozambique’, African Population Studies 19.1: 143–164. https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/3518/1/ep04008.pdf (accessed 14 February 2018). Google Scholar

Arnfred, Signe (2014) Sexuality and Gender Politics in Mozambique: Rethinking Gender in Africa (Oxford: James Currey). Google Scholar

Arthur, Maria José, Teresa Cruz e Silva, Yolanda Sitoe, and Edson Mussa (2011) ‘Lei da Família (1): antecedentes e contextos da sua aprovação’, Outras Vozes 35/36. http://www.wlsa.org.mz/artigo/lei-da-familia-1-antecedentes-e-contextos/#Nota08 (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

Arthur, Maria José, Teresa Cruz e Silva, Yolanda Sitoe, and Edson Mussa (2012) ‘Lei da Família (2): disseminação da Lei da Família e lógicas da sua apropriação por parte das instituições do Estado. O caso dos Serviços de Registo Civil’, Outras Vozes 37. http://www.wlsa.org.mz/artigo/lei-da-familia-2-disseminacao-da-lei-da-familia-e-logicas-da-sua-apropriacao-por-parte-das-instituicoes-do-estado-o-caso-dos-servicos-de-registo-civil/ (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

Arthur, Maria José, Teresa Cruz e Silva, Yolanda Sitoe, and Edson Mussa (2012) A lei da família e a igualdade de direitos: balanço da sua aplicação (Maputo: WLSA Moçambique). Google Scholar

Bethencourt, Francisco (ed.) (2018) Cosmopolitanism in the Portuguese-Speaking World (Koninklijke Brill: Leiden). Google Scholar

Bhabha, Homi (2017) ‘Spectral sovereignty, vernacular cosmopolitans, and cosmopolitan memories’, in Cosmopolitanisms, ed. Bruce Robbins and Paulo Lemos Horta (New York: New York University Press), 141–152. Google Scholar

Bonate, Liazzat J.K. (2006) ‘Matriliny, Islam and gender in Northern Mozambique’, Journal of Religion in Africa 36: 139–166. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27594374?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Bonate, Liazzat J.K. (2010) ‘Islam in Northern Mozambique: A historical overview’, History Compass 8: 573–593. doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-0542.2010.00701.x. Google Scholar

Can, Nazir Ahmed (2016) ‘A Ilha de Moçambique na ficção de João Paulo Borges Coelho: tensões islâmicas, um pano encantado e os índicos indícios’, Todas as Musas 8: 2–12. http://www.todasasmusas.org/15Nazir_Ahmed.pdf (accessed 23 October 2019). Google Scholar

Chaves, Rita (2002) ‘A Ilha de Moçambique: entre as palavras e o silêncio’. Metamorfoses 1: 93–101. Google Scholar

Chiziane, Paulina (2008) O Alegre Canto da Perdiz (Lisboa: Caminho). Google Scholar

Chiziane, Paulina (2012) ‘João, o hipopótamo’, in A minha Maputo é…, ed. Vítor Gonçalves (Maputo: Minerva), 71–76. Google Scholar

Falconi, Jessica (2008) Utopia e conflittualità. Ilha de Moçambique nella poesia mozambicana contemporeanea (Roma: Aracne). Google Scholar

Falconi, Jessica (2013) ‘Para fazer um mar. Literatura moçambicana e Oceano Índico’, Diacrítica 27: 77–92. http://www.scielo.mec.pt/pdf/dia/v27n3/v27n3a06.pdf (accessed 20 August 2018). Google Scholar

Fernandes, Mário G., and Rui Mendes (2012) ‘“Dicotomias” urbanas em Moçambique: cidades de cimento e de caniço’, Livro de Atas da 2ª Conferência da Rede Portuguesa de Morfologia Urbana: Morfologia urbana nos países lusófonos: 1362–1379. https://sigarra.up.pt/flup/en/pub_geral.pub_view?pi_pub_base_id=102790&pi_pub_r1_id= (accessed 16 April 2019). Google Scholar

Gilroy, Paul (2005) Postcolonial Melancholia (New York: Columbia University Press). Google Scholar

Gonçalves, Vítor (ed.) (2012) A minha Maputo é… (Maputo: Minerva). Google Scholar

Gonçalves, Vítor (ed.) (2013) Minerva Central – 100 anos (Maputo: Minerva). Google Scholar

Grest, Jeremy (1995) ‘Urban management, local government reform and the democratisation process in Mozambique: Maputo city 1975–1990’, Journal of Southern African Studies 21: 147–164. doi.org/10.1080/03057079508708438. Google Scholar

Imprensa Nacional de Moçambique (2004) ‘Publicação Oficial da República de Moçambique: Suplemento’, Boletim da República, 25 August 2004. http://jafbase.fr/docAfrique/Mozambique/Lei%2010.2004%20-%20Lei%20da%20Familia.pdf (accessed 12 February 2018). Google Scholar

Jones-Pauly, Christina, with Abir Dajani Tuqan (2011) Women Under Islam: Gender Justice and the Politics of Islamic Law (New York: I.B. Tauris). Google Scholar

Kamete, Amin Y., and Ilda Lindell (2010) ‘The politics of “non-planning” interventions in African cities: Unravelling the international and local dimensions in Harare and Maputo’, Journal of Southern African Studies 36: 889–912. doi.org/10.1080/03057070.2010.527643. Google Scholar

Leite, Ana Mafalda, Sheila Khan, Jessica Falconi, and Kamila Krakowska (2014) ‘Interview with Paulina Chiziane’, in Speaking the Postcolonial Nation: Interviews with Writers from Angola and Mozambique (Oxford: Peter Lang), 199–220. Google Scholar

Meneses, Paula (2008) ‘Mulheres insubmissas? Mudanças e conflitos no norte de Moçambique’, Ex æquo 17: 71–87. https://estudogeral.sib.uc.pt/bitstream/10316/41886/1/Mulheres%20Insubmissas_Mudan%c3%a7as%20e%20conflitos%20no%20norte%20de%20Mo%c3%a7ambique.pdf (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Meneses, Paula, and Boaventura de Sousa Santos (2009) ‘Mozambique: the rise of a micro-dual state’, Africa Development 34: 129–166. dx.doi.org/10.4314/ad.v34i3-4.63532. Google Scholar

Newitt, Malyn (2004) ‘Mozambique Island: The rise and decline of an East African Coastal City, 1500–1700’, Portuguese Studies 20: 21–37. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41105216. Google Scholar

Osório, Conceição (2015) ‘Os ritos de iniciação: identidades femininas e masculinas e estruturas de poder’, paper read at a meeting with the CAFOD (Catholic Agency For Overseas Development; Catholic aid agency for England and Wales) partners, Maputo. http://www.wlsa.org.mz/artigo/ritos/ (accessed 13 February 2018). Google Scholar

Osório, Conceição, and Ernesto Macuácua (2013) Ritos de iniciação no contexto actual. Ajustamentos, rupturas e confrontos. Construindo identidades de género (Maputo: WLSA Moçambique). Google Scholar

Patrício, Ana Marta Esteves (2016) ‘Dinâmicas do pluralismo jurídico em Moçambique: estudo de caso do distrito de Mossurize’ PhD diss., ISCTE. Google Scholar

Santos, Boaventura de Sousa (2006) ‘The heterogeneous state and legal pluralism in Mozambique’, Law & Society Review 40: 39–76. doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5893.2006.00258.x. Google Scholar

Secco, Carmen Lúcia Tindó (2012) ‘Revisitações poéticas e pictóricas da Ilha de Moçambique’, Revista Abril 5.9: 205–217. http://www.periodicos.uff.br/revistaabril/article/view/29711 (accessed 13 November 2019). Google Scholar

Sidaway, J.D., and M. Power (1995) ‘Sociospatial transformations in the “postsocialist” periphery: The case of Maputo, Mozambique’, Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space 27: 1463–1491. doi.org/10.1068/a271463. Google Scholar

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Tavares, Maria