The University of Liverpool has been formally training those entering the archive profession since 1947 with the inception of the diploma in the study of records and administration of archives. The diploma has evolved into what is now the masters of archives and records management degree. The roots of the diploma and consequently the present degree course began with the founding of the School of Local History and Records in 1900, in what was then University College Liverpool. This article is a history of the School of Local History and Records from its foundation in 1900 until 1948. It provides information on those who were instrumental in the development of the School, (especially John Mackay, Ramsay Muir and Jesse Twemlow), those who were trained by the school, and the academic work that was undertaken by it. The article additionally aims to explain why the school developed in Liverpool, in comparison to other university cities.