Before Farming

Tierra, mar y los aspectos mentales del Mesolitico en Escandinavia

Before Farming (2003), 2003, (4), 1–14.

Abstract

La dinámica entre la eustacia (cambios de nivel del mar) y la isostacia (cambios en la corteza) en combinación con la deglaciación, tuvieron un gran efecto en la formación del terreno en Escandinavia. Áreas vastas del actual Báltico sur fueron tierra seca durante el Mesolítico temprano. De un nivel bajo durante el pre-boreal el nivel del mar subió y alcanzó su posición actual durante el Atlántico Temprano. Estos efectos complicados de isostacia y eustacia dificultan una presentación de perspectiva inter-regional.

Solo recientemente investigaciones enfocadas al reconocimiento y consecuentemente a la excavación de sitios sumergidos se han llevado a cabo.

Todos estos ejemplos han marcado los efectos en el medio-ambiente, pero no es difícil comprender que dichos cambios influenciaran la interpretación universal sobre los pueblos del Mesolítico y a su vez que haya también afectado nuestro entendimiento del asentamiento Mesolítico.

En estudios actuales se cree que el terreno no se utilizaba exclusivamente como un recurso económico; la estructura del terreno también tuvo una importante dimensión mental. La perspectiva de que el terreno se transforma por el impacto humano pero también por los procesos naturales, tales como la tierra y el mar en relación a las transgresiones y regresiones.

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Larsson, Lars