Town Planning Review

An Urban Development Policy for Dalmatia. Part II: Urban Dalmatia in the 19th Century and Prospects for the Future

Town Planning Review (1972), 43, (3), 243

Abstract

AN URBAN DEVELOPMENT FOR DALMATIA roucv Part II: Urban Dalmatia in the r oth Century and Prospects for the Future" by FRANCIS VIOLICH This review of Dalmatia's urban development up to the beginning of the roth century provides a general understanding of how the physical system of urban places, the institutional machinery that guided their functioning and the social and economic activities they housed, all evolved into an interlocking structure. These centuries of interaction among these four COlllponents of environmental development processes had produced, by the beginning of tile rorh century, an urban system whose physical characteristics changed little until the mid-zoth century. In a sense, the roth century did not do much 1110re than set up the tensions and the opportunities that were to trigger the forces leading to the restructuring of urbanization that is taking place today.' FRUSTRATED SOCIAL REFORMS The roth century in Europe was a period of social and economic change heavily influenced by technological innovations. In Dalmatia these opportunities for change became well known and although this was a century ofrelative peace with no major wars in Europe to divert development, these aspirations remained unfulfilled. TIle social philosophies generated by the French occupation failed to take root in Dalmatia as the French left, and Austria-Hungary let Dalmatia drift. For example, while serfdom was abolished in 1848, it took 30 years to implement the new policies. Population increase was consistent through the century, yet the schools were grossly insufficient and illiteracy rates rose, a condition w hich held the traditional class structure in place. Dalmatia's urban system could not adopt the new communications and technological possibilities without preparation in the social sector. These conditions led many to seek better opportunities ill Dalmatia's larger cities, elsewhere ill the country and especially outward to overseas areas. Thus, a phenomenal emigration of these Slavic peoples began early in the century and reached large proportions toward the end of the century. Some fourteen centuries after moving into the Adriatic Coast from the north, a large and self-selective representation again went westward. The Dalmatians sought the Mediterranean climatic conditions similar to their own ill California, Chile, Australia and New Zealand. Whole colonies were established in the New World representing urban * Part I of this article appeared in Vol. 43, NO.2, April, 1972. Copyright (c) 2004 ProQuest Information and Learning Company Copyright (c) Liverpool University Press

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Violich, Francis