Labour History: A Journal of Labour and Social History

A Note on the Files of ‘The Movement’ in South Australia

Labour History: A Journal of Labour and Social History (2010), 99, (1), 179–186.

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Endnotes

1.Louis Nowra, ‘The Whirling Dervish’, The Monthly, no.53, February2010, >http://www.themonthly.com.au/monthly-essays-louis-nowra-whirling-dervish-tony-abbott-2250>accessed June 2010. Google Scholar

2.Robert Murray, The Split: Australian Labor in the Fifties,Cheshire,, 1970, pp.19-21. Google Scholar

3.‘State Labor backs Dr Evatt’, Advertiser, 7October1954, p.3. Google Scholar

4.David Hilliard, ‘Religion in Playford’s South Australia’, inBernard O’Neil,Judith Raftery andKerrie Round(eds), Playford’s South Australia: Essays on the History of South Australia, 1933-1968,Association of Professional Historians Inc.,, 1996, pp.254-55. In 1954, Catholics numbered only 16 per cent of the state’s population whereas in Australia as a whole they were well over 20 per cent. However, the proportion was increasing; in 1933, Catholics had comprised only 12 per cent of South Australia’s population. Google Scholar

5.Tony Zegenhagen(Queensland-based federal secretary of the Democratic Labor Party) in a communication to Malcolm Saunders, 30April2010. Google Scholar

6.Roy Boylan toTed Farrell, 27February1958, Edward F. Farrell Collection, 1944-61 (N119), Noel Butlin Archives Centre,Australian National University. Google Scholar

7.Malcolm Saunders, ‘The Labor Party and the industrial groups in South Australia 1946-55: precluding the split’, Journal of the Historical Society of South Australia, vol.33, 2005, pp.77-80. Google Scholar

8.For the best known of these, see Paul Ormonde, The Movement,Thomas Nelson,, 1972;Paul Duffy, Demons and Democrats: 1950s Labor at the Crossroads,Freedom Publishing,, 2002;Bruce Duncan, Crusade or Conspiracy? Catholics and the Anti-Communist Struggle in Australia,UNSW Press,, 2001;Ross Fitzgerald, The Pope’s Battalions: Santamaria, Catholicism and the Labor Split,University of Queensland Press,, 2003;Gerard Henderson, Mr Santamaria and the Bishops, 2ndrev. ed.,Hale andIremonger,, 1983. Google Scholar

9.John Warhurst, The ‘Communist Bogey’: Communism as an Election Issue in Australian Federal Politics, 1949 to 1964’, unpublished PhD thesis, School of Social Sciences,Flinders University, 1977. Google Scholar

10.Articles by Warhurst include:‘The Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist) in South Australia, November–December, 1955: “Molotov” Labor versus “coffee-shop” Labor’, Labour History, no.32, May1977, pp.66-74;‘The origins of the South Australian DLP: a documentary note’, Politics, vol.13, no.1, May1978, pp.159-61. Google Scholar

11.Hepworth(born 1944) took up the post of curate (or assistant parish priest) at Colonel Light Gardens in January–February 1971. After the parish priest there (Thomas Maloney) died in April 1973, Hepworth served as its administrator until January 1974. Ironically, the man eventually appointed parish priest to replace Maloney was Owen Farrell, a younger brother of Ted Farrell. Google Scholar

12.John Anthony Hepworth, The Movement Revisited: A South Australian Perspective, unpublished BA thesis, Politics Department,University of Adelaide, 1982. Google Scholar

13.Josephine Laffin,Matthew Beovich:Archbishop of Adelaide, PhD thesis,School of History and Politics, Discipline of History, University of Adelaide, 2006;Josephine Laffin, Matthew Beovich: A Biography,Wakefield Press,, 2008. Google Scholar

14.Two offshoots of Laffin’s doctoral thesis relevant here are Josephine Laffin, ‘The public role of bishops: Matthew Beovich, the ALP split and the Vietnam War’, Australasian Catholic Record, vol.84, no.2, 2007, pp.131-44andJosephine Laffin, ‘The perils of piety and politics: Archbishop Matthew Beovich, B.A. Santamaria and the ALP split’. Paper presented at the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies,King’s College,, 29April2009. Google Scholar

15.R. Hetherington andR.L. Reid, The South Australian Elections 1959,Rigby,, 1962, p.39. Google Scholar

16.This event is discussed at some length inMalcolm Saunders, ‘Never favoured and now forgotten: a tribute to “a good Labor man”’, Labour History, no.59, November1990, pp.9-12. Google Scholar

18.Todd Building has long since been demolished. There is a picture of it in Margaret Press, Colour and Shadow: South Australian Catholics, 1906-1962,Archdiocese of Adelaide,, 1991, p.200. Google Scholar

20.David Shinnick, Memoirs of David John Shinnick, Vol. I, Youthful Yearnings and Beyond: 1930 to 1970), self-published memoirs,Clovelly Park,, 2006, p.177. Google Scholar

21.Information courtesy of Monsignor Vincent Tiggeman via David Shinnick to author, 6 March 2010. The formal title of the medal, the Cross of Honour or the Holy Cross, wasPro Ecclesia et Pontifice(For Church and Pope). Google Scholar

29.Beovich’s transformation is, of course, discussed at some length in Josephine Laffin’s book, Matthew Beovich: A Biography(See Chapter VI) and her paper,‘The perils of piety and politics: Archbishop Matthew Beovich, B.A. Santamaria and the ALP split’. Google Scholar

32. Advertiser, 29May1953, p.1. Google Scholar

34.Telephone interview with John Hepworth, Belair (Adelaide), 31March2010. Google Scholar

1.Louis Nowra, ‘The Whirling Dervish’, The Monthly, no.53, February2010, >http://www.themonthly.com.au/monthly-essays-louis-nowra-whirling-dervish-tony-abbott-2250>accessed June 2010. Google Scholar

2.Robert Murray, The Split: Australian Labor in the Fifties,Cheshire,, 1970, pp.19-21. Google Scholar

3.‘State Labor backs Dr Evatt’, Advertiser, 7October1954, p.3. Google Scholar

4.David Hilliard, ‘Religion in Playford’s South Australia’, inBernard O’Neil,Judith Raftery andKerrie Round(eds), Playford’s South Australia: Essays on the History of South Australia, 1933-1968,Association of Professional Historians Inc.,, 1996, pp.254-55. In 1954, Catholics numbered only 16 per cent of the state’s population whereas in Australia as a whole they were well over 20 per cent. However, the proportion was increasing; in 1933, Catholics had comprised only 12 per cent of South Australia’s population. Google Scholar

5.Tony Zegenhagen(Queensland-based federal secretary of the Democratic Labor Party) in a communication to Malcolm Saunders, 30April2010. Google Scholar

6.Roy Boylan toTed Farrell, 27February1958, Edward F. Farrell Collection, 1944-61 (N119), Noel Butlin Archives Centre,Australian National University. Google Scholar

7.Malcolm Saunders, ‘The Labor Party and the industrial groups in South Australia 1946-55: precluding the split’, Journal of the Historical Society of South Australia, vol.33, 2005, pp.77-80. Google Scholar

8.For the best known of these, see Paul Ormonde, The Movement,Thomas Nelson,, 1972;Paul Duffy, Demons and Democrats: 1950s Labor at the Crossroads,Freedom Publishing,, 2002;Bruce Duncan, Crusade or Conspiracy? Catholics and the Anti-Communist Struggle in Australia,UNSW Press,, 2001;Ross Fitzgerald, The Pope’s Battalions: Santamaria, Catholicism and the Labor Split,University of Queensland Press,, 2003;Gerard Henderson, Mr Santamaria and the Bishops, 2ndrev. ed.,Hale andIremonger,, 1983. Google Scholar

9.John Warhurst, The ‘Communist Bogey’: Communism as an Election Issue in Australian Federal Politics, 1949 to 1964’, unpublished PhD thesis, School of Social Sciences,Flinders University, 1977. Google Scholar

10.Articles by Warhurst include:‘The Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist) in South Australia, November–December, 1955: “Molotov” Labor versus “coffee-shop” Labor’, Labour History, no.32, May1977, pp.66-74;‘The origins of the South Australian DLP: a documentary note’, Politics, vol.13, no.1, May1978, pp.159-61. Google Scholar

11.Hepworth(born 1944) took up the post of curate (or assistant parish priest) at Colonel Light Gardens in January–February 1971. After the parish priest there (Thomas Maloney) died in April 1973, Hepworth served as its administrator until January 1974. Ironically, the man eventually appointed parish priest to replace Maloney was Owen Farrell, a younger brother of Ted Farrell. Google Scholar

12.John Anthony Hepworth, The Movement Revisited: A South Australian Perspective, unpublished BA thesis, Politics Department,University of Adelaide, 1982. Google Scholar

13.Josephine Laffin,Matthew Beovich:Archbishop of Adelaide, PhD thesis,School of History and Politics, Discipline of History, University of Adelaide, 2006;Josephine Laffin, Matthew Beovich: A Biography,Wakefield Press,, 2008. Google Scholar

14.Two offshoots of Laffin’s doctoral thesis relevant here are Josephine Laffin, ‘The public role of bishops: Matthew Beovich, the ALP split and the Vietnam War’, Australasian Catholic Record, vol.84, no.2, 2007, pp.131-44andJosephine Laffin, ‘The perils of piety and politics: Archbishop Matthew Beovich, B.A. Santamaria and the ALP split’. Paper presented at the Menzies Centre for Australian Studies,King’s College,, 29April2009. Google Scholar

15.R. Hetherington andR.L. Reid, The South Australian Elections 1959,Rigby,, 1962, p.39. Google Scholar

16.This event is discussed at some length inMalcolm Saunders, ‘Never favoured and now forgotten: a tribute to “a good Labor man”’, Labour History, no.59, November1990, pp.9-12. Google Scholar

18.Todd Building has long since been demolished. There is a picture of it in Margaret Press, Colour and Shadow: South Australian Catholics, 1906-1962,Archdiocese of Adelaide,, 1991, p.200. Google Scholar

20.David Shinnick, Memoirs of David John Shinnick, Vol. I, Youthful Yearnings and Beyond: 1930 to 1970), self-published memoirs,Clovelly Park,, 2006, p.177. Google Scholar

21.Information courtesy of Monsignor Vincent Tiggeman via David Shinnick to author, 6 March 2010. The formal title of the medal, the Cross of Honour or the Holy Cross, wasPro Ecclesia et Pontifice(For Church and Pope). Google Scholar

29.Beovich’s transformation is, of course, discussed at some length in Josephine Laffin’s book, Matthew Beovich: A Biography(See Chapter VI) and her paper,‘The perils of piety and politics: Archbishop Matthew Beovich, B.A. Santamaria and the ALP split’. Google Scholar

32. Advertiser, 29May1953, p.1. Google Scholar

34.Telephone interview with John Hepworth, Belair (Adelaide), 31March2010. Google Scholar

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Author details

Saunders, Malcolm