Town Planning Review

Gender-aware approaches to local and regional development

Better-practice lessons from across Europe

Town Planning Review (2001), 72, (2), 217–242.

Abstract

Globalisation has impacts not just on national and local economies, but also on our everyday lives and our roles as men and women. This paper considers the opportunities now presented to re-examine fundamental questions of how we want to live and how our planning and governance processes mesh with the way we live. It argues that we have an opportunity to put people back at the centre of our planning as we re-examine the fit between everyday life, built environment and services. In reasserting the importance of getting in touch with real lives we also need to change the way we interact with citizens. Drawing on characteristics from projects in the EuroFEM network the paper sets out the possibility of changing outcomes and cultures in planning and governance.

Access Token
£25.00
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

AUGUSTINE, J. (1994), Women in the City: Housing, Services and the Urban Environment, Conclusions of the Chair (paper delivered to the High-Level Conference on Women in the City, Paris), OECD, 16–20. Women in the City: Housing, Services and the Urban Environment, Conclusions of the Chair 16 20 Google Scholar

BAUER, U. (1996), ‘The way forward: Viennese housing projects by and for women’ in E. M. Komu (ed.) Housing: Question of the Others, Ankara, Chamber of Architects of Turkey, 95–105. The way forward: Viennese housing projects by and for women Housing: Question of the Others 95 105 Google Scholar

BEALL, J. (1997), A City for All: Valuing Difference and Working with Diversity, London, Zed Books. A City for All: Valuing Difference and Working with Diversity Google Scholar

BELLONI, C. (1996), ‘Policies concerning the organisation of time in Italy’ (paper presented to the EuroFEM conference, Aosta, Italy). Policies concerning the organisation of time in Italy Google Scholar

BEVAN, M. and GILROY, R. (2000), Industrial Renaissance and Community Benefit: The Story of the York Regeneration Partnership, York, York Publishing Services for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Industrial Renaissance and Community Benefit: The Story of the York Regeneration Partnership Google Scholar

BISHOP, J. (1988), ‘Collaboration and consensus’, Town and Country Planning, 67, 111–13. Collaboration and consensus Town and Country Planning 67 111 13 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. (1995), ‘Gender and public consultation in the United Kingdom’ in Ottes et al. (eds), 200–07. Gender and public consultation in the United Kingdom 200 07 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. (1996), ‘Women and consultation’ in Booth et al. (eds), 154–66. Women and consultation 154 66 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C., DARKE, J. and YEANDLE, S. (eds) (1996), Changing Places : Women’s Lives in the City, London, Paul Chapman. Changing Places : Women’s Lives in the City Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. and GILROY, R. (1996), ‘Dreaming the possibility of change’, Built Environment, 22, 72–82. Dreaming the possibility of change Built Environment 22 72 82 Google Scholar

BOOTH, C. and GILROY, R. (2000), ‘Mainstreaming gender sensitive housing: a case study of the Frauen-werk-stadt’, Open House International, 25, 45–53. Mainstreaming gender sensitive housing: a case study of the Frauen-werk-stadt Open House International 25 45 53 Google Scholar

BOYS, J. (1984), ‘Is there a feminist analysis of architecture?’, Built Environment, 10, 25–34. Is there a feminist analysis of architecture? Built Environment 10 25 34 Google Scholar

BRAITHWAITE, M. (1998), Integrating Gender Equality into Local and Regional Development, Brussels, Engender. Integrating Gender Equality into Local and Regional Development Google Scholar

BROWNILL, S. (1997), ‘Regeneration: women and urban policy in the UK’ (paper presented to the Women and the City Conference, Oxford Brookes University, September 1997). Regeneration: women and urban policy in the UK Google Scholar

BROWNILL, S. and DARKE, J. (1998), Rich Mix: Inclusive Strategies for Urban Regeneration, Bristol, Policy Press for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Rich Mix: Inclusive Strategies for Urban Regeneration Google Scholar

BRUEGEL, I. (1999), ‘Parenting, employment and social exclusion’ (paper presented at the LEPU Seminar on child care for social inclusion, London, South Bank University, 14 April). Parenting, employment and social exclusion Google Scholar

CAVANAGH, S. (1998), NHSA Working Report Year One 1996197: Health and Safety Audits Conducted by Bangladeshi Women in Somers Town, London, Women’s Design Service NHS A Working Report Year One 1996197: Health and Safety Audits Conducted by Bangladeshi Women in Somers Town Google Scholar

COOKE, P. (1989), Localities: The Changing Face of Urban Britain, London, Unwin Hyman. Localities: The Changing Face of Urban Britain Google Scholar

DARKE, J. (1996), ‘The man shaped city’ in Booth et al. (eds), 88–89. The man shaped city 88 89 Google Scholar

DAVID, R. and CRAIG, Y. (1997), ‘Participation begins at home: adapting participatory development approaches from southern contexts’ in C. Sweetman (ed.), Gender and Poverty in the North, Oxford, Oxfam, 35–44. Participation begins at home: adapting participatory development approaches from southern contexts Gender and Poverty in the North 35 44 Google Scholar

DAVOUDI, S. (1996), ‘City Challenge, the three way partnership’, Planning Practice and Research, 10, 333–4. City Challenge, the three way partnership Planning Practice and Research 10 333 4 Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998), Modernising Local Government: Improving Services through Best Value, London, DETR. Google Scholar

DFEE (DEPARTMENT FOR EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT) (1998), Meeting the Child-Care Challenge: A Framework and Consultation Document, DFEE/Ministers for Women, London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

DUNCAN, P. and THOMAS, S. (2000), Neighbourhood Regeneration: Resourcing Community Involvement, Bristol, Policy Press for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Neighbourhood Regeneration: Resourcing Community Involvement Google Scholar

EADE, D. (1998a), ‘Review of E. Sizoo (ed.), “Women’s lifeworlds; women’s narratives on shaping their realities”‘, Development in Practice, 8, 108–09. Review of E. Sizoo (ed.), “Women’s lifeworlds; women’s narratives on shaping their realities” Development in Practice 8 108 09 Google Scholar

EADE, D. (1998b), ‘Editorial comments’, Development in Practice, 8, 5–7. Editorial comments Development in Practice 8 5 7 Google Scholar

EDWARDS, M. (1996), Becoming a Learning Organisation, or, The Search for the Holy Grail, paper commissioned by the Aga Khan Foundation, Canada. Becoming a Learning Organisation, or, The Search for the Holy Grail Google Scholar

EUROSTAT (1997), Labour Force Survey for the European Union, Luxembourg, European Commission. Labour Force Survey for the European Union Google Scholar

FORESTER, J. (1999), The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press. The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning Processes Google Scholar

FRANCK, K. (1994), ‘Questioning the American dream: recent housing innovations in the United States’ in R. Gilroy and R. Woods (eds), Housing Women, London, Routledge, 226–46. Questioning the American dream: recent housing innovations in the United States Housing Women 226 46 Google Scholar

GILBERT, R., STEVENSON, D., GIRARDET, H. and STREN, R. (1996), Making Cities Work, London, Earthscan. Making Cities Work Google Scholar

GILROY, R. (1996a), ‘Building routes to power’, Local Economy, 11, 248–58. Building routes to power Local Economy 11 248 58 Google Scholar

GILROY, R. (1996b), Building a vision of a city for everyone (Departmental Working Paper), Newcastle, Department of Town and Country Planning, University of Newcastle. Building a vision of a city for everyone Google Scholar

GILROY, R. and BOOTH, C. (1999), ‘Building an infrastructure for everyday lives’, European Planning Studies, 7, 307–24. Building an infrastructure for everyday lives European Planning Studies 7 307 24 Google Scholar

GILROY, R. and BOOTH, C. (2000), ‘The use of a toolkit in mobilising women in local and regional development’, Local Economy, 15, 9–17. The use of a toolkit in mobilising women in local and regional development Local Economy 9 17 Google Scholar

GREED, C. (1994), Women and Planning: Creating Gendered Realities, London, Routledge. Women and Planning: Creating Gendered Realities Google Scholar

HARCOURT, W. (1998), ‘Sustainable livelihoods: gender and the politics of place’ (Keynote address to the EuroFEM international conference on Gender and Human Settlement, Hameelinna, Finland, 10–12 June). Sustainable livelihoods: gender and the politics of place Google Scholar

HAYDEN, D. (1980), ‘What would the non sexist city be like? Speculations on housing, urban design, and human work’, Signs, 5, 170–87. What would the non sexist city be like? Speculations on housing, urban design, and human work Signs 5 170 87 Google Scholar

HAYDEN, D. (1981), The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs for American Homes, Neighbourhoods and Cities, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press. The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs for American Homes, Neighbourhoods and Cities Google Scholar

HEALEY, P. (1997), Collaborative Planning, London, Macmillan. Collaborative Planning Google Scholar

HENDERSON, H. (1998), ‘The economy of love’ (video presentation to the EuroFEM conference on Gender and Human Settlement, Hameelinna, Finland, 10–12 June). The economy of love Google Scholar

HOLYOAK, J. (1995), ‘Planning for real life’ in D. Atkinson (ed.), Cities of Pride, London, Cassell, 70–75. Planning for real life Cities of Pride 70 75 Google Scholar

HORELLI, L. (1994), ‘Strategies for women’s approaches in regional and urban planning’ (Paper presented at The Council of Europe Seminar on the Role and Representation of Women in Urban and Regional Planning Aiming at Sustainable Challenges facing European Society with the approach of the year 2000: Role and Representation of Women in Urban and Regional Planning Development, Ornskoldvick, Sweden, 24–26 March). Strategies for women’s approaches in regional and urban planning Google Scholar

HORELLI, L. (1996a), ‘Application of the new everyday life approach in the Finnish context’, paper presented to Nordic Council, unpublished. Application of the new everyday life approach in the Finnish context Google Scholar

HORELLI, L. (1996b), ‘Women as development agents of change in central Ostrbothnia’, report for DGXVI, unpublished. Women as development agents of change in central Ostrboth-nia Google Scholar

HORELLI, L. (1998), ‘Creating child friendly environments: case studies on children’s participation in three European countries’, Childhood, 5, 225–39. Creating child friendly environments: case studies on children’s participation in three European countries Childhood 5 225 39 Google Scholar

HORELLI, L. and VEPSA, K. (1994), ‘In search of supportive structures for everyday life’ in I. Altman and A. Churchman (eds), Women and the Environment, New York, Plenum Press, 201–26. In search of supportive structures for everyday life Women and the Environment 201 26 Google Scholar

LITTLE, J. (1994), Gender, Planning and the Policy Process, Oxford, Pergamon. Gender, Planning and the Policy Process Google Scholar

MARKUSEN, A. (1980), ‘City spatial structure, women’s household work, and national urban policy’, Signs, 5, 23–44. City spatial structure, women’s household work, and national urban policy Signs 5 23 44 Google Scholar

McDOWELL, L. (1983), ‘Towards an understanding of the gender division of urban space’, Environment and Planning D, 1, 59–72. Towards an understanding of the gender division of urban space Environment and Planning D 1 59 72 Google Scholar

NEWMAN, J. (1995), ‘Gender and cultural change’ in C. Itzin and J. Newman (eds), Gender, Culture and Organisational Change: Putting Theory into Practice, London, Rout-ledge, 11–29. Gender and cultural change Gender, Culture and Organisational Change: Putting Theory into Practice 11 29 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

OTTES, L., POVENTUD, E., VAN SCHENDELEN, M. and SEGOND VON BANCHET, G. (eds) (1995), Gender and the Built Environment, Assen, The Netherlands, Van Gorcum. Gender and the Built Environment Google Scholar

POSTMA, W. (1998), ‘Capacity-building: the making of a curry’, Development in Practice, 8, 54–63. Capacity-building: the making of a curry Development in Practice 8 54 63 Google Scholar

SALMI, M. and KIVIMAKI, R. (1997), ‘Introduction to everyday life as life totality’ in L. Rantalaiho and T. Heiskanen (eds), Gendered Practices in Working Life, London, Macmillan, 83–87. Introduction to everyday life as life totality Gendered Practices in Working Life 83 87 Google Scholar

SANDERCOCK, L. (1998), Towards Cosmopolis, Chichester, John Wiley. Towards Cosmopolis Google Scholar

SANDERCOCK, L. and FORSYTH, A. (1992), ‘A gender agenda: new directions for planning theory’, Journal of the American Planning Association, 58, 49–59. A gender agenda: new directions for planning theory Journal of the American Planning Association 58 49 59 Google Scholar

SANGREGORIO, I.-L. (1995), ‘Collaborative housing: the home of the future?’ in Ottes et al. (eds), 101–14. Collaborative housing: the home of the future? 101 14 Google Scholar

SANGREGORIO, I.-L. (2000), Collaborative Housing in Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden, Byggforskningsradet (The Swedish Council for Building Research). Collaborative Housing in Sweden Google Scholar

SCHNEECLOTH, L. and SIBLEY, D. (1995), Place-making : The Art and Practice of Building Communities, New York, John Wiley. Place-making : The Art and Practice of Building Communities Google Scholar

SPEAK, S. (2000), ‘Barriers to lone parents’ employment: looking beyond the obvious’, Local Economy, 15, 32–44. Barriers to lone parents’ employment: looking beyond the obvious Local Economy 15 32 44 Google Scholar

STEMLAND, M. (1996), ‘Northern Feminist University’, paper presented to EuroFEM meeting, Aosta, Italy. Northern Feminist University Google Scholar

TAYLOR, M. (1995), Unleashing the Potential, York, York Publishing Services for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Unleashing the Potential Google Scholar

VIGAR, S. (1993), ‘Women in the planning process’, Urban Futures, 3, 13–16. Women in the planning process Urban Futures 3 13 16 Google Scholar

WILSON, P. (1997), ‘Building social capital: a learning agenda for the twenty first century’, Urban Studies, 34, 745–60. Building social capital: a learning agenda for the twenty first century Urban Studies 34 745 60 Google Scholar

WORPOLE, K. (1998), ‘Time and the city’, Town and Country Planning, 67, 114–15. Time and the city Town and Country Planning 67 114 15 Google Scholar

YEANDLE, S., GORE, T., PICKFORD, H. and STIELL, B. (1999), Employment, Family and Community Activities: A New Balance for Women and Men (UK National Report on Employment in Household Services), Dublin, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Employment, Family and Community Activities: A New Balance for Women and Men Google Scholar

YOUNG, S. (1997), Promoting Participation and Community-Based Partnerships in the Context of Local Agenda 21, Manchester, Manchester University Press. Promoting Participation and Community-Based Partnerships in the Context of Local Agenda 21 Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Booth, Chris

Gilroy, Rose