Town Planning Review

The future of planning under a Scottish Parliament

Town Planning Review (2001), 72, (2), 121–148.

Abstract

Even before the election of the new Scottish Parliament it was envisaged that land use regulation would develop asymmetrically north and south of the border with a Scottish emphasis on greater regional diversity in Government guidance, more coordination between disparate public bodies and greater local involvement in planning processes. This paper argues that expectations of a distinctive planning system are unlikely to be met. The policy direction plotted by the Labour Party both nationally and in Scotland points towards greater commodification and an emphasis on speed and efficiency in planning. There are also limits on the power of the Parliament itself from supra-national commitments and other constraints. Changes may actually bring the Scottish and English planning systems closer together. The likely impact may also have as yet unknown implications for national identity.

Access Token
£25.00
READ THIS ARTICLE
If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

ADAM SMITH INSTITUTE (1983), Omega Report: Local Government Policy, London, Adam Smith Institute. Google Scholar

ALLMENDINGER, P. and THOMAS, H. (eds) (1998), Urban Planning and the British New Right, London, Routledge. Urban Planning and the British New Right Google Scholar

ANDERSON, P. and MANN, N. (1997), Safety First: The Making of New Labour, London, Granta. Safety First: The Making of New Labour Google Scholar

BAGGULEY, P., MARK-LAWSON, J., SHAPIRO, D., URRY, J., WALBY, S. and WARDE, A. (1990), Restructuring, Place, Class and Gender, London, Sage. Restructuring, Place, Class and Gender Google Scholar

BANHAM, R., BARKER, P., HALL, P. and PRICE, C. (1969), ‘Non-plan: an experiment in freedom’, New Society, 20 March, 12. Non-plan: an experiment in freedom New Society Google Scholar

BOGDANOR, V. (1997), Memorandum to the House of Commons Select Committee on Scottish Affairs, 30 December, London. Memorandum to the House of Commons Select Committee on Scottish Affairs Google Scholar

BOYACK, S. (1997), ‘Fruits of modernity’, Town and Country Planning, November, 308. Fruits of modernity Town and Country Planning Google Scholar

BRINDLEY, T., RYDIN, Y. and STOKER, G. (1996), Remaking Planning (Second edition), London, Routledge. Remaking Planning Google Scholar

BRITISH PROPERTY FEDERATION (1986), The Planning System: A Fresh Approach, London, British Property Federation. Google Scholar

BROWN, G. (1998), The Chancellor’s Statement on the Economic and Fiscal Strategy Report, HM Treasury News Release, 11 June. The Chancellor’s Statement on the Economic and Fiscal Strategy Report Google Scholar

BURNS, A. (1999), ‘The powers of the Parliament’ in Hassan (ed.) (1999a), 43–49. The powers of the Parliament 43 49 Google Scholar

CABORN, R. (1998), Quoted in Planning, 10 May, 18. Planning 18 Google Scholar

CLARKE, J. and NEWMAN, J. (1997), The Managerial State, London, Sage. The Managerial State Google Scholar

COCHRANE, A. (1993), Whatever Happened to Local Government?, Buckingham, Open University Press. Whatever Happened to Local Government? Google Scholar

COOKE, P. (1989), Localities: The Changing Face of Britain, London, Unwin Hyman. Localities: The Changing Face of Britain Google Scholar

CORNES, R. (1999), ‘Intergovernmental relations in a devolved United Kingdom: making devolution work’, in Hazell (ed.) (1999a). Intergovernmental relations in a devolved United Kingdom: making devolution work Google Scholar

CRAIG, P. (1999), ‘Constitutionalism, regulation and review’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a), 67–85. Constitutionalism, regulation and review 67 85 Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1998), Modernising Planning, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1999a), The Economic Consequences of Planning to the Business Sector, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DETR (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT AND THE REGIONS) (1999b), Modernising Planning: A Progress Report, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DEWAR, D. and FORRESTER, K. (1998), ‘Modernising planning: one year later’, Planning, 15 January, 12. Modernising planning: one year later Planning 12 Google Scholar

DTI (DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY) (1998), Our Competitive Future: Building the Knowledge Driven Economy (Cmnd 4176), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DUNCAN, S. (1986), What is locality? (Urban and Regional Studies Working Paper No. 51), Brighton, University of Sussex. What is locality? Google Scholar

ELCOCK, H. and KEATING, M. (eds) (1999), Remaking the Union: Devolution and British Politics in the 1990s, London, Frank Cass. Remaking the Union: Devolution and British Politics in the 1990s Google Scholar

FIELDING, S. (1997), ‘Labour’s path to power’ in A. Geddes and J. Tonge (eds). Labour’s Landslide, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 48–60. Labour’s path to power Labour’s Landslide 48 60 Google Scholar

FILIPEK, P. (1997), ‘Statutory strategy’, Town and Country Planning, November, 305–06. Statutory strategy Town and Country Planning 305 06 Google Scholar

GELLNER, E. (1983), Nations and Nationalism, Oxford, Blackwell. Nations and Nationalism Google Scholar

GIDDENS, A. (1990), The Consequences of Modernity, Cambridge, Polity. The Consequences of Modernity Google Scholar

GOODSTADT, V. and U’REN, G. (1999), ‘Which way now for Scottish planning?’, Planning, 22 January, 11. Which way now for Scottish planning? Planning 11 Google Scholar

GOTT, R. (1986), ‘Modernism and postmodernism: the crisis of contemporary culture’, The Guardian, 1 December, 10. Modernism and postmodernism: the crisis of contemporary culture The Guardian 10 Google Scholar

HAGUE, C. (1990), ‘Scotland: back to the future for planning’ in J. Montgomery and A. Thornley (eds), Radical Planning Initiatives: New Directions for Urban Planning in the 1990s, Aldershot, Gower, 287–99. Scotland: back to the future for planning Radical Planning Initiatives: New Directions for Urban Planning in the 1990s 287 99 Google Scholar

HAGUE, C. (1997), ‘In search of the Scotland 2020 vision’, Town and Country Planning, November, 307–08. In search of the Scotland 2020 vision Town and Country Planning 307 08 Google Scholar

HALL, S. (1992a), ‘The question of cultural identity’ in S. Hall, D. Held and T. McGrew (eds), Modernity and its Futures, Cambridge, Polity Press, 273–326. The question of cultural identity Modernity and its Futures 273 326 Google Scholar

HALL, S. (1992b), ‘New ethnicities’ in J. Donald and A. Rattansi (eds), ‘Race’, Culture and Difference, London, Sage. New ethnicities ‘Race’, Culture and Difference Google Scholar

HARDIE, A. (1998), ‘Business case is spelled out’, Glasgow Herald, 9 June. Business case is spelled out Glasgow Herald Google Scholar

HARVEY, D. (1989), The Condition of Postmodernity, Oxford, Blackwell. The Condition of Postmodernity Google Scholar

HASSAN, G. (ed.) (1999a), A Guide to the Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, HMSO. A Guide to the Scottish Parliament Google Scholar

HASSAN, G. (1999b), ‘The new Scottish politics’ in Hassan (ed.) (1999a), 9–20. The new Scottish politics 9 20 Google Scholar

HASSAN, G. and WARHURST, C. (2000), ‘A new politics?’ in G. Hassan and C. Warhurst (eds), The New Scottish Politics: The First Year of the Scottish Parliament and Beyond, Edinburgh, HMSO, 1–15. A new politics? The New Scottish Politics: The First Year of the Scottish Parliament and Beyond 1 15 Google Scholar

HAYES, M. (1997), ‘The power to plan and act’, Town and Country Planning, November, 306. The power to plan and act Town and Country Planning 306 Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1992), ‘Scottish Enterprise: a challenge to local land use planning?’, Town Planing Review, 63, 265–78. Scottish Enterprise: a challenge to local land use planning? Town Planing Review 63 265 78 Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1994), ‘Planning and Scottish local government reform’, Planning Practice and Research, 9, 55–60. Planning and Scottish local government reform Planning Practice and Research 9 55 60 Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1996), ‘Planning policy in Scotland’ in M. Tewdwr-Jones (ed.), British Planning Policy in Transition: Planning in the 1990s, London, UCL. Planning policy in Scotland British Planning Policy in Transition: Planning in the 1990s Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1997), untitled paper, Town and Country Planning, July/August. Town and Country Planning Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1999), ‘The Scottish Parliament and development planning’, Scottish Affairs, 27, 41–58. The Scottish Parliament and development planning Scottish Affairs 27 41 58 Google Scholar

HAZELL, R. (ed.) (1999a), Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Constitutional Futures: A History of the Next Ten Years Google Scholar

HAZELL, R. (1999b), ‘The shape of things to come: what will the UK constitution look like in the twenty-first century?’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a). The shape of things to come: what will the UK constitution look like in the twenty-first century? Google Scholar

HAZELL, R. (1999c), ‘Westminster: squeezed from above and below’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a). Westminster: squeezed from above and below Google Scholar

HAZELL, R. and CORNES, R. (1999), ‘Financing devolution: the centre retains control’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a). Financing devolution: the centre retains control Google Scholar

HAZELL, R. and O’LEARY, B. (1999), ‘A rolling programme of devolution: slippery slope or safeguard of the union?’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a). A rolling programme of devolution: slippery slope or safeguard of the union? Google Scholar

HM GOVERNMENT (1998), Scotland’s Parliament (Cm. 3658), London, HMSO. Google Scholar

HM TREASURY (1998), Pre-Budget Report, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

HOGWOOD, B. (1999), ‘Relations with other public bodies’ in Hassan (ed.) (1999a), 97–108. Relations with other public bodies 97 108 Google Scholar

HOUSE OF COMMONS (1999), Research Paper 99/84, Devolution and Concordats, London, House of Commons Library. Google Scholar

HOUSE OF COMMONS, SELECT COMMITTEE ON SCOTTISH AFFAIRS (1998), Volume 1 : Report and Appendices to the Minutes of Evidence, London, House of Commons. Google Scholar

IMRIE, R. (1999), ‘The implications of the ‘new managerialism’ for planning in the millennium’ in P. Allmendinger and M. Chapman (eds), Planning Beyond 2000, Chichester, Wiley, 107–22. The implications of the ‘new managerialism Planning Beyond 2000 107 22 Google Scholar

JOHNSTON, R. and PATTIE, C. (1987), ‘Dividing a nation? An initial exploration of the changing geography of Great Britain, 1979–1987’, Environment and Planning A, 19, 274–96. Dividing a nation? An initial exploration of the changing geography of Great Britain, 1979–1987 Environment and Planning A 19 274 96 Google Scholar

KEATING, M. (1993), ‘The politics of local economic development’, Urban Affairs Quarterly, 28, 373–96. The politics of local economic development Urban Affairs Quarterly 28 373 96 Google Scholar

LABOUR PARTY (1990), An Earthly Chance, London, Labour Party. Google Scholar

LABOUR PARTY (1994), In Trust for Tomorrow, London, Labour Party. Google Scholar

LEICESTER, G. (1999), ‘Devolution and Europe: Britain’s double constitutional problem’ in Elcock and Keating (eds) (1999), 18–41. Devolution and Europe: Britain’s double constitutional problem 18 41 Google Scholar

LOWE, P. and WARD, S. (1998), British Environmental Policy and Europe. Politics and Policy in Transition, London, Routledge. British Environmental Policy and Europe. Politics and Policy in Transition Google Scholar

LYDDON, D. (1980), ‘Scottish planning in practice: influences and comparisons’, The Planner, May, 66–67. Scottish planning in practice: influences and comparisons The Planner 66 67 Google Scholar

MACDONALD, R. and THOMAS, H. (eds) (1997), Nationality and Planning in Scotland and Wales, Cardiff, University of Wales Press. Google Scholar

McKINSEY GLOBAL INSTITUTE (1998), Driving Productivity and Growth in the UK Economy, London, McKinsey Global Institute. Google Scholar

McCRONE, D. (1992), Understanding Scotland: The Sociology of a Stateless Nation, London, Routledge. Understanding Scotland: The Sociology of a Stateless Nation Google Scholar

MACRORY, R. (1999), ‘The environment’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a), 178–95. The environment 178 95 Google Scholar

MASSEY, D. and MEEGAN, R. (1982), An Anatomy of Job Loss, London, Methuen. An Anatomy of Job Loss Google Scholar

MERCER, K. (1990), ‘Welcome to the jungle’ in J. Rutherford (ed.), Identity, London, Lawrence and Wishart, 42–60. Welcome to the jungle Identity 42 60 Google Scholar

MITCHELL, J. and SEYD, B. (1999), ‘Fragmentation in the party political systems’ in Hazell (ed.) (1999a), 86–110. Fragmentation in the party political systems 86 110 Google Scholar

MORGAN, K. (1986), ‘Regional regeneration in Britain: the territorial imperative and the conservative state’, Political Studies, 33. Regional regeneration in Britain: the territorial imperative and the conservative state Political Studies 33 Google Scholar

MOONEY, G. and JOHNSTONE, C. (2000), ‘Scotland divided: poverty, inequality and the Scottish Parliament’, Critical Social Policy, 20, 155–82. Scotland divided: poverty, inequality and the Scottish Parliament Critical Social Policy 20 155 82 Google Scholar

OATLEY, N. (1998), Cities, Economic Competition and Urban Policy, London, Paul Chapman. Economic Competition and Urban Policy Google Scholar

PATERSON, L. (1998), ‘Scottish home rule: radical break or pragmatic adjustment?’ in Elcock and Keating (eds) (1999), 42–61. Scottish home rule: radical break or pragmatic adjustment? 42 61 Google Scholar

PECK, J. and JONES, M. (1995), ‘Training and enterprise councils: Schumpterian work-fare state or what?’, Environment and Planning A, 27, 1361–96. Training and enterprise councils: Schumpterian work-fare state or what? Environment and Planning A 27 1361 96 Google Scholar

PICKVANCE, C. (1985), ‘Spatial policy as territorial politics’ in G. Rees (ed.), Political Action and Social Identity, London, Macmillan, 112–38. Spatial policy as territorial politics Political Action and Social Identity 112 38 Google Scholar

REGIONAL COORDINATION UNIT (2000), Reaching Out: Action Plan, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

ROBINS, K. (1991), ‘Tradition and translation: national culture in its global context’ in J. Corner and S. Harvey (eds), Enterprise and Heritage: Crosscurrents of National Culture, London, Routledge, 78–96. Tradition and translation: national culture in its global context Enterprise and Heritage: Crosscurrents of National Culture 78 96 Google Scholar

ROSE, R. (1974), The Problem of Party Government?, London, Macmillan. The Problem of Party Government? Google Scholar

ROSE, R. (1984), Do Parties Make a Difference?, Basingstoke, Macmillan. Do Parties Make a Difference? Google Scholar

ROWAN-ROBINSON, J. (1997), ‘The organisation and effectiveness of the Scottish planning system’ in Macdonald and Thomas (eds) (1999), 56–74. The organisation and effectiveness of the Scottish planning system 56 74 Google Scholar

RTPI (ROYAL TOWN PLANNING INSTITUTE) (1999), Response to Scottish Office Consultation Paper, Land Use Planning under a Scottish Parliament, RTPI. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE (1999a), The Report of the Commission on Local Government and the Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, Scottish Executive. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE (1999b), The Scottish Executive’s Response to the Report of the Commission on Local Government and the Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, Scottish Executive. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE (1999c), Response to Scottish Office Consultation Paper, Land Use Planning under a Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, Scottish Executive. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH EXECUTIVE (2000a), The Report of the Renewing Local Democracy Working Group, Edinburgh, Scottish Executive. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1994), Review of the Town and Country Planning System in Scotland, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1995), Review of Neighbour Notification, Edinburgh, Central Research Unit. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1998), Research on the General Permitted Development Order and Related Mechanisms, Edinburgh, Central Research Unit. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1999a), Land Use Planning under a Scottish Parliament, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1999b), Competitiveness White Paper: Tracking Commitments, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCRUTON, R. (1986), ‘Authority and allegiance’ in J. Donald and S. Hall (eds), Politics and Ideology, Milton Keynes, Open University Press, 98–124. Authority and allegiance Politics and Ideology 98 124 Google Scholar

STOKER, G. (1995), ‘Regime theory and urban politics’ in D. Judge, G. Stoker and H. Wolman (eds), Theories of Urban Politics, London, Sage, 54–71. Regime theory and urban politics Theories of Urban Politics 54 71 Google Scholar

TAYLOR, M. and SIM, D. (2000), ‘Social inclusion and housing in the Scottish Parliament: prospects?’, Critical Social Policy, 20, 183–210. Social inclusion and housing in the Scottish Parliament: prospects? Critical Social Policy 20 183 210 Google Scholar

TEWDWR-JONES, M. and LLOYD, M. G. (1997), ‘Unfinished business’, Town and Country Planning, November, 302–04. Unfinished business Town and Country Planning 302 04 Google Scholar

TEWDWR-JONES, M. and HARRIS, N. (1998), ‘The New Right’s commodification of planning control’ in Allmendinger and Thomas (eds) (1998), 162–85. The New Right’s commodification of planning control 162 85 Google Scholar

VAZ, K. (1996), Planning for Prosperity (Press release), London, Labour Party. Planning for Prosperity Google Scholar

WANNOP, U. (1980), ‘Scottish planning practice: four distinctive characteristics’, The Planner, May, 64–65. Scottish planning practice: four distinctive characteristics The Planner Google Scholar

If you have private access to this content, please log in with your username and password here

Details

Author details

Allmendinger, Philip