Town Planning Review

Retail planning guidance and policy in Scotland

A review and critical analysis

Town Planning Review (2001), 72, (1), 97–120.

Abstract

Attempts to control the location of retail developments have been a feature of Scottish planning policy for over 30 years. The emphasis has been on enhancing existing centres. Only if suitable sites cannot be found here should edge-of-centre and then out-of-centre locations be considered. This policy is intended to attain a series of economic, environmental and social objectives. However, this paper argues, using Glasgow’s Buchanan Galleries shopping centre as an example, that it is possible to have a town-centre development that has all the characteristics and detrimental impacts of an out-of-town centre. The paper claims that the present sequential approach is a very crude test upon which to base retail planning policy. It needs to be refined to take account of such issues as the scale of developments, integration with existing facilities and the cumulative impact of a number of in-centre developments.

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SCOTTISH OFFICE (1998), Town Centres and Retailing (National Planning Policy Guideline: NPPG 8), Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1999), Transport and Planning (National Planning Policy Guideline: NPPG 17), Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

STRATHCLYDE REGIONAL COUNCIL (1976), Strathclyde Regional Report, 1976, Glasgow, Strathclyde Regional Council. Google Scholar

STRATHCLYDE REGIONAL COUNCIL (1986), The Town Centre Action Book: Retail Development Opportunities in Strathclyde, Glasgow, Strathclyde Regional Council. Google Scholar

STRATHCLYDE REGIONAL COUNCIL (1995), Strathclyde Structure Plan 1995: Written Statement, Department of Physical Planning, Glasgow, Strathclyde Regional Council. Google Scholar

WEBSTER. D. (2000), ‘Scottish social inclusion policy: a critical assessment’, Scottish Affairs, 30, 28–50. Scottish social inclusion policy: a critical assessment Scottish Affairs 30 28 50 Google Scholar

BRAITHWAITE, J. (1997), ‘Scottish shopping guidance still wanting’, Town and Country Planning, 66, 22–24. Scottish shopping guidance still wanting Town and Country Planning 66 22 24 Google Scholar

CUNNINGHAM, J. (2000), ‘£20 million store with 600 jobs to be built in deprived area’, The Herald, 16 August, 12. £20 million store with 600 jobs to be built in deprived area The Herald 12 Google Scholar

DATA CONSULTANCY (1998a), UK Goods Based Retail Expenditure Estimates and Price Indices (Information Brief, 98/2), Reading, Data Consultancy. Google Scholar

DATA CONSULTANCY (1998b), Trends in Furniture, Electrical and Do-It-Yourself Goods Expenditure (Information Brief, 98/3), Reading, Data Consultancy. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1994), Vital and Viable Town Centres: Meeting the Challenge, London, HMSO. Google Scholar

DOE (DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT) (1996), Town Centres and Retail Developments, (Revised Planning Policy Guidance Note 6), London, The Stationery Office. Google Scholar

FERGUSON, Z. and McGREGOR, A. (1997), Drumchapel Local Employment Study, Glasgow, Training and Employment Research Unit, University of Glasgow. Drumchapel Local Employment Study Google Scholar

GLASGOW AND THE CLYDE VALLEY STRUCTURE PLAN JOINT COMMITTEE (2000), Glasgow and the Clyde Valley Joint Structure Plan 2000, Glasgow. Google Scholar

GLASGOW CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (1999), ‘Top of the shops’, The Journal, March, 20–21. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

GLASGOW CITY COUNCIL (1998), The Future of Shopping and Town Centres in Glasgow: a Discussion Paper, Development and Regeneration Services, Glasgow, Glasgow City Council. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1995), ‘Changing priorities: reorganisation, regeneration and re-invention’, Town and Country Planning, 64, 246–248. Changing priorities: reorganisation, regeneration and re-invention Town and Country Planning 64 246 248 Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1996a), ‘Planning Policy in Scotland’ in M. Tewdwr-Jones (ed.), British Planning Policy in Transition, London, UCL Press, 78–97. Planning Policy in Scotland British Planning Policy in Transition 78 97 Google Scholar

HAYTON, K. (1996b), ‘Centre blight or boost in shopping guideline?’, Planning, No. 1172, 8–9. Centre blight or boost in shopping guideline? Planning 1172 8 9 Google Scholar

INQUIRY REPORTERS UNIT (n.d.), Report of the Public Local Inquiry into Appeals by The Clyde Port Authority against Refusal of Outline Planning Permission by Strathcylde Regional Council for a Development at Braehead near Renfrew, Edinburgh (P/PPA/SL/493 and P/PPA/SU/253), Edinburgh, Inquiry Reporters Unit. Google Scholar

LLOYD, G. and ROWAN-ROBINSON, J. (1992), ‘Review of Strategic Planning Guidance in Scotland, Journal of Environmental Management, 35, 93–99. Journal of Environmental Management 35 93 99 Google Scholar

MCGREGOR, A., GLASS, A., RICHMOND, K., FERGUSON, Z. and HIGGINS, K. (1999), Employer Involvement in Area Regeneration, Bristol, The Policy Press. Employer Involvement in Area Regeneration Google Scholar

McINTOSH, S. (1998), ‘Hot shops’ Property Week, 13 March, 59. Hot shops Property Week 59 Google Scholar

PORTER, S. and RAISTRICK, P. (1998), The Impact of Out-of-Centre Food Superstores on Local Retail Employment (Occasional Paper No 2), London, National Retail Planning Forum. The Impact of Out-of-Centre Food Superstores on Local Retail Employment Google Scholar

RODGER, J. (1999), Contemporary Glasgow. The Architecture of the 1990s, Edinburgh, The Rutland Press. Contemporary Glasgow. The Architecture of the 1990s Google Scholar

SCHILLER, R. (1986), ‘Retail decentralization: the coming of the third wave’, The Builder, 72(7), 13–15. Retail decentralization: the coming of the third wave The Builder 72 13 15 Google Scholar

SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT (1971), Shopping Location Policy: Out of Town Shopping Centres, Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT (1978a), National Planning Guidelines on the Location of Major Shopping Developments (Circular 65/78), Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT (1978b), National Planning Guidelines: The Location of Major Shopping Developments Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT (1986a), Retailing (Land Use Summary Sheet, 17), Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT (1986b), Draft National Planning Guidelines: Location of Major Retail Developments, Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT (1986c), National Planning Guidelines 1986: Location of Major Retail Developments (National Planning Series), Edinburgh, Scottish Development Department. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1995), Retailing (Draft National Planning Policy Guideline), Environment Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1996), Retailing (National Planning Policy Guideline: NPPG 8), Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1997a), Retailing (National Planning Policy Guideline: NPPG 8 [Revised]), Consultation Draft, Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1997b), Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997: Strath-clyde Structure Plan, Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1998), Town Centres and Retailing (National Planning Policy Guideline: NPPG 8), Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

SCOTTISH OFFICE (1999), Transport and Planning (National Planning Policy Guideline: NPPG 17), Development Department, Edinburgh, Scottish Office. Google Scholar

STRATHCLYDE REGIONAL COUNCIL (1976), Strathclyde Regional Report, 1976, Glasgow, Strathclyde Regional Council. Google Scholar

STRATHCLYDE REGIONAL COUNCIL (1986), The Town Centre Action Book: Retail Development Opportunities in Strathclyde, Glasgow, Strathclyde Regional Council. Google Scholar

STRATHCLYDE REGIONAL COUNCIL (1995), Strathclyde Structure Plan 1995: Written Statement, Department of Physical Planning, Glasgow, Strathclyde Regional Council. Google Scholar

WEBSTER. D. (2000), ‘Scottish social inclusion policy: a critical assessment’, Scottish Affairs, 30, 28–50. Scottish social inclusion policy: a critical assessment Scottish Affairs 30 28 50 Google Scholar

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Author details

Hayton, Keith