Town Planning Review

The long emergence of the infrastructure emergency

Town Planning Review (2014), 85, (6), 795–806.

Abstract

Cities could not exist without infrastructure. Infrastructure provides a competitive advantage for those cities that have high quality facilities and high quality environments made possible by infrastructure. While the benefits of infrastructure are well known, the condition of infrastructure has been deteriorating for decades, precipitating crises and calls for action. This condition has been a long time in the making, due to structural reasons outlined herein. In addition, the complexity, cost and other factors have put politics and finance at the fore regarding infrastructure. As a consequence, planners have less of a purchase on infrastructure policy and strategy than in the past. Can planners recover their protagonism? What are key ideas that enable the urban planning profession to be at the forefront once again?

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CHOATE, P. (1981), America in Ruins: Beyond the Public Works Pork Barrel, Washington, DC, Council of State Planning Agencies. America in Ruins: Beyond the Public Works Pork Barrel Google Scholar

CHOAY, F. (1969), The Modern City: Planning in the 19th Century, New York, NY, George Braziller. The Modern City: Planning in the 19th Century Google Scholar

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MCDONOUGH, W. AND BRAUNGART, M. (2002), Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, New York, NY, North Point Press. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

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NRC (NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL) (2014), Reducing Coastal Risks on the East and Gulf Coasts, Washington, DC, The National Academies Press. Google Scholar

PANDIS IVEROTH, S., VERNAY, A-L., MULDER, K. AND BRANDT, N. (2013), ‘Implications of systems integration at the urban level: the case of Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 48, 220-31. ‘Implications of systems integration at the urban level: the case of Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm’ Journal of Cleaner Production 48 220 31 Google Scholar

PARTRIDGE, M. AND WEINSTEIN, A. (2013), ‘Rising inequality in an era of austerity: the case of the US’, European Planning Studies, 21, 388-410. ‘Rising inequality in an era of austerity: the case of the US’ European Planning Studies 21 388 410 Google Scholar

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PORTER, M., STERN, S. AND GREEN, M. (2014), ‘Social Progress Index 2014’ (index), Washington, DC, Social Progress Imperative. ‘Social Progress Index 2014’ (index) Google Scholar

PRICE WATERHOUSE COOPERS (2012), Cities of Opportunity, New York, NY, Price Waterhouse Coopers. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

REPS, J. (1965), The Making of Urban America: A History of City Planning in the United States, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press. The Making of Urban America: A History of City Planning in the United States Google Scholar

SASSEN, S. (2001), The Global City, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press. The Global City Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

STORPER, M. (2014), ‘Governing the large metropolis’, Territory Politics and Governance, 2, 115-34. ‘Governing the large metropolis’ Territory Politics and Governance 2 115 34 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

UNCHS (UNITED NATIONS CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS) (2008), State of the World's Cities 2010/2011: Bridging the Urban Divide, Nairobi, UNCHS, and London, Earthscan. Google Scholar

UNCHS (UNITED NATIONS CENTRE FOR HUMAN SETTLEMENTS) (2013), Planning and Design for Sustainable Urban Mobility: Global Report on Human Settlements 2013, Nairobi, UN Habitat. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

UNEP (UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME) (2014), UNEP Year Book 2014, Nairobi, UNEP. Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

 Google Scholar

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Neuman, Michael